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The history of the double bass

2019-09-17 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The history of the double bass,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了低音提琴演变史。低音提琴作为交响乐队中一件独立的乐器,已具有一套较为完整的训练手段,作为提琴类乐器的一个成员,低音提琴与其有着共同的历史、发展和技术。低音提琴的历史可以追溯到十六世纪,它的创造是建立在小提琴基础之上的。最早低音提琴的琴弦是用作共振的,琴的体积较大,因此配置有很多根琴弦,甚至有二十四根之多,其中有很多弦是起共振作用的,在演奏中几乎碰不着。十七世纪后期,由于乐器的不断完善,粗劣的低音提琴被摒弃。现在所使用的则是五根琴弦的低音提琴和四根琴弦的低音提琴。

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When you hear the deep, magnetic sound of the double bass, do you remember how long man has gone in search of that beautiful sound? Double bass is the largest instrument in the violin family, as well as the bow-pulled stringed percussion instrument playing the lowest timbre in the symphony orchestra. Some people call it "root sound instrument", also known as "Double cello". It is a western musical instrument, which is the lowest tone instrument in the violin family. With the continuous development of music career in China, people are no longer unfamiliar with symphony. The double bass in the band, as well as in the solo, is more and more valued by people, and its playing skills are more and more known. As an independent instrument in the band, the double bass has a set of relatively complete training means. As a member of the violin instrument, the double bass shares the same history, development and technology with it. He played bass in orchestras, often repeating the cello part at a lower octave, and was also used as a separate part in modern works. It is not only a very important instrument in terms of strength and momentum, but also an important rhythmic instrument, which is the pillar of sound in the band.

By the Renaissance, western composers were mainly interested in vocal music, but by the late fifteenth century, music practice and Musical Instruments had undergone great changes. It was during this period that instrument reformers began to classify instruments, which were originally based on sound intensity, and quickly shed this pattern. Before the end of the 16th century, a relatively large group of Musical Instruments had been formed. For example, the six-string violin includes three strings, subbass and lutes. The new category also includes three-stringed instruments and sometimes even double bass.

The double bass, which dates back to the 16th century, was founded on the violin. It's easy to judge the past by today's standards, but it's hard to imagine the difference between the violin family and the string quartet we know. The fact that we should be aware of is that there has never been a uniform standard for the size of the double bass except for instruments that no longer exist. Although it is dominated by violins, we can still see a wide variety of violin instruments, from instruments close to the violin to the large modern double bass. This must be recognized, or it will seriously affect our understanding of the history of the double bass.

The first close relative of the violin family was the viol, a kind of bowed stringed instrument similar to the violin. The strings of the first double bass were used for resonance, and they were very large, so they had a lot of strings, maybe as many as twenty-four strings, and a lot of them resonated and were almost untouchable. In the late seventeenth century, due to the continuous improvement of instruments, the coarse double bass was abandoned. There are generally two types of viola in use today: a double bass with five strings and a double bass with four strings.

The double bass has been tuned at different pitches, so some people call it a shifting instrument. The contemporary double bass is usually tuned to a pure fourth, but it was originally tuned to a fifth, which also formed an octave relationship with the cello according to the needs of the band at that time. In 1816, Dr. Nicolai pointed out that in Germany the double bass usually had four strings, but they were tuned differently. Although the four-degree arrangement was dominant at the time, many double bass players tuned the strings one octave below the cello: C1, G1, D, A. With the changes of times and the development of performance technology, the double bass players abandoned the tuning method of one octave below the cello in the 1790s.

Bass on volume is almost twice the cello, longer strings from the proportion to be more rough, the tune up an octave below the cello, and effect is particularly in the play the concerto grosso, but depends on the number of strings and tuning methods, some players with four strings, some with three strings, tuning way also there exists a significant difference. The actual sound of the double bass is one octave lower than what is indicated in the score.

Thanks to modern machinery industry and making the development of industry technology, in recent years and produced in the bass guitar head of four strings and a "change", so as to extend its range, the four string bass fingerboard extend from string pillow to harp head screw knob, there are four buttons in the extension, plus a "notes", its convenient for you to use the effect is very good also.

Double bass bows used by contemporary shape generally has two kinds: one kind is the "French", collectively known as "bow" of France in China "small bow" narrow "bow", mainly used in Britain, France and the United States, the shape like the cello bow, its bow stem short, coarser, cello bow grip method, but put your thumb on horsetail box above. Italy is according to the French with bow method to put your thumb on horsetail box, complete with bow method as the cello, the representative figure of this kind of method with bow is a famous Italian double bass player Giovanni Bottesini, therefore is also called "Italian bowing" or "potter, bow method", this kind of bow method more flexible when playing music. Another kind of double bass with bow method as the "German", our country are collectively referred to as "German" bow "bow" and "wide" bow, is widely used in Germany, Austria, the tail of a horse box is wide, so when a bow in the palm of your hand to, in the performance using this method than with bow before the force of a method with bow should be big, voice is more strong.

The early double bass was not only used to increase the harmony of large orchestras of the time or to produce specific effects in descriptive music. It was very popular in churches because of its large volume, because the church was the largest performing venue at that time, and the double bass was designed for this kind of church music. Due to the particularity of its pitch, people think it is better than other similar instrument suitable for playing in theaters, concert halls, etc. Almost all places worship music, the bass started from the church gradually took to the stage, on a large number of opera and symphony plays an important role, recognized and appreciated by the music industry and even the society as a whole.

The development of the symphony in the 20th century has laid a solid foundation for the boom of the double bass in the 21st century. With the reform and the quality of the modern innovative new concept of the new injection, and making the unprecedented development of industry technology, makes some old concepts and impression of the bass has does not apply to reality, for the bass, this means that the beginning of a new era, inspire more people playing the bass, dissemination enterprise output.

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