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The British system of supervision

2019-01-05 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- The British system of supervision,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了英国的督导制度。英国教育督导是英国学校教育发展的必然产物,是加强教育督导、提高学校教育质量的必然选择。英国是世界上建立教育督导制度最早的国家之一,后来随着工业革命的发展,人口出生率的不断提高,为了适应义务教育实施和社会提高教育质量的要求,承担学校教育质量监控任务的教育督导的地位不断巩固,督导机构不断加强,职权不断扩大。

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British education supervision is an inevitable product of the development of British school education, and an inevitable choice to strengthen education supervision and improve the quality of school education. The UK is one of the earliest countries in the world to establish the education supervision system. As early as 1839, the British government established the royal school inspector group according to the education act at that time, which started the supervision of schools. With the development of the industrial revolution and the continuous increase of the birth rate, in order to meet the requirements of the implementation of education obligation and the improvement of the quality of education in the society, the position of the education supervisor who undertakes the education quality monitoring task of the school has been continuously consolidated, and the supervisor institution has been continuously strengthened and its authority has been continuously expanded. The education act passed in 1944 further clarified the contents, procedures and requirements of the education supervision work carried out by royal supervisors, which is the basis for the establishment of the modern education supervision system in Britain. In 1988, the British government introduced the education reform law, which carried out significant reforms on education at that time. The core of the reform was to strengthen the central government's control over schools, and monitor the implementation of education policy and the quality of education in schools. In order to adapt to the requirements of education reform, the British in 1992 awarded the parents act and the civil act, the two bills make Britain a significant changes have taken place in modern education steering system, according to the bills, the British education bureau independence from the former ministry of education, as a country with the British education administrative department at the corresponding levels, can exercise their functions and powers of the national education supervision institutions alone. In the following three education ACTS, the British central government further improved and developed the education supervision system.

In the education act passed in 1997 and came into effect in 1998, a new content was added to expand the scope of education supervision. It stipulates that the education standard bureau has the right to supervise and evaluate the work of local education administrative departments. Supervise local bureau of education to help schools improve the quality of education, the local education bureau's task is to ensure the efficient use of education funds, guarantee the tube within the scope of the quality of school education, the local education bureau should not control schools, or what to do, and should be for the school to provide a good macro environment and help schools to analyze their operation, planning and achieve this goal. In 1997, the bureau of education in the six parts of the system of the supervision evaluation work, the education bureau of standards for assessment of the local education bureau, is actually a review of education work of local government, the local autonomy, there is a lot of independence, where members of parliament chosen by the citizens, parliament by members of different commission, parliament is one of the education committee, education committee through recruitment of education bureau, the central government and local department of education through the link: local bureau of education work must be conducted in accordance with the law; Central school funding via the local education bureau, of which 90% of the funding should be allocated to the school, funds can keep 10% of the education bureau, become education equipment allocated to school again, in more places the responsibility for education at the same time, strengthen the monitoring of local government management education work, bureau of standards does not directly evaluate the school, and directly evaluate the local education bureau, can evaluate, found in some places the education quality is not high, to inspect evaluate the work of the local bureau of standards.

British school inspector is composed of three levels: royal inspector, registered inspector and inspector. Royal superintendent of schools has 150 years of history, in the country has a high status and treatment, he is a full-time, but also lifelong. At present, there are 500 royal school inspectors in the UK, of which 200 have retired or entered other roles, and 300 are still working as education supervisors. With 2050 registered school inspectors; there were 8,390 school inspectors and 1,031 non-education sector inspectors.

British school inspector's working conditions are very strict, and there is a set of very strict system for recruitment, training and daily management. Royal superintendent must have rich education teaching experience, can be called education teaching experts, have strong management ability, analysis ability and writing ability, and dare to act impartiality; The age requirement is between 40 and 50 years old. The registered school inspector should be qualified as a school inspector and have more than 5 times of experience in supervisory assessment activities. Experience in evaluating English, teaching, science, etc. With strong analytical, management and writing skills, the inspector must have more than 4 years of teaching experience and school management experience, and corresponding guidance, management, evaluation and writing skills. The British inspector is determined through strict recruitment and assessment. The procedure for selecting candidates is to advertise the positions on newspapers and television, and then select qualified candidates for interview. At the same time, to review the candidates' historical background, family situation, the selection work by the education standard bureau organization, the royal inspector of the election rate is very low, generally only 1%, the selected after training qualified, that is to become the royal inspector. To apply for a position as a registrar of schools, you need to be recommended by two registrars of schools. Then you take an examination. A registered school inspector is not for life. An examination is held every three years. The people who apply for the inspector should be trained by the registered inspector. After passing the training, they will be issued the certificate by the education standard bureau, which will make them qualified for the inspector. The UK attaches great importance to the training of inspectors. The education standard bureau has a special team responsible for the supervision training, which is responsible for formulating the supervision training plan and supervising the training quality. They stipulate that the registered inspector shall receive 5 days of training every year. General supervisors receive 120 hours of training before starting their work, including learning documents, learning assessment procedures and methods, and the completion of relevant assignments. The practical training includes: how to prepare for the supervision and evaluation; How to evaluate the teaching process of teachers; How to analyze and organize the collected information; How to write a supervisor evaluation report. After the supervision and evaluation, how to feedback the supervision and evaluation to the school. The duties and tasks of the British school inspector are very clear, there are special inspection of computer teaching, there are special inspection of refugee children education and so on. The quality requirements of the superintendent work more strictly, in order to make the superintendent to perform high quality supervision task, education bureau specially formulated the outline of supervision, the superintendent and the royal urged the superintendent registered in strict accordance with the outline of supervision management, for some of the inspector's results, the superintendent registration should be based on a comprehensive, authentic, effective, credible and group requirements.

English education in the process of long-term development, establish and gradually improve a set of modern management system, the supervision evaluation system is one of important system, has a history of over 160 years of British education supervision, in the process of its development, improve, formed some scientific, reasonable, they are some of the successful practices and experience in this field, to the construction of education supervision system in China has the important enlightenment function.

As education administrative supervision and education enforcement inspection institution, education supervision must be supervised according to law, and the premise of legal supervision is that education supervision and evaluation must have a series of supporting laws, regulations, regulations and systems. The UK has done a great deal of effective work in this regard. Compared with the UK, China's work is relatively lagging behind. In 1991, after the restoration of the education supervision system, the national education administrative department issued the provisional regulations on education supervision, which played a great role in the restoration and development of education supervision nationwide. However, with the development and change of education supervision situation, the education supervision front urgently needs the country to formulate "education supervision regulations" to further promote and regulate this work from the perspective of law.

The British royal inspectors, registered inspectors and inspectors are all recruited and employed through strict selection. They have educational background, qualifications, management level and practical working ability. The selection of supervisory personnel in China is not strict enough and the structure is not reasonable enough. With the focus of education supervision and evaluation work in promoting the implementation of "double base", has been and continue to gradually shift to the inspector, the state inspector and inspector at all levels of the composition should also gradually implement the combination of administrative type and expert type, then the selection of inspector at all levels must be reformed. In addition, Britain attaches great importance to the training of school inspectors. Inspectors at all levels must receive strict training before and during the post, and pay special attention to practical operation training, China's supervision of the post and on - the - job training work for more than 10 years unremitting, has made great achievements, in the future in the training method should pay attention to the theory of teaching at the same time to strengthen the training of practical operation.

The UK attaches great importance to the establishment and construction of education supervision institution. The central education standard bureau alone has more than 500 staff and more than a dozen working departments. In China, with the reform and development of education, "government supervision" has become an important task of education supervision. At present, the education supervision organization of most provinces in China is designated as education supervision room of provincial people's government, and people's governments at all levels generally strengthen education supervision work, which has become the remarkable feature of China's education supervision system. Therefore, in order to promote the development of Chinese supervision system, it is necessary to strengthen the construction of education supervision institution. Rationalize the system, give the supervisory authority to the supervisory body, clarify the responsibility of the government, and ensure the basic content of the supervisory system. Supervisory bodies at all levels must clearly define their responsibilities, both to supervise government affairs and schools, and strive to improve the efficiency of supervision. China's regulatory body should also be an independent functional department under the direct leadership of the government as the British regulatory body, so that it is independent of the education administration. In this way, it can better play its role of supervision, evaluation and guidance.

The subject of education supervision and evaluation in China is basically the supervision institution at all levels. On the one hand, such a single evaluation subject is not conducive to obtaining the real materials of the evaluated objects; on the other hand, it cannot guarantee the fairness and transparency of the evaluation process and results. Therefore, it is suggested that in the education supervision process, as in the UK, people from all walks of life should be widely absorbed to participate in the supervision work. In particular, the opinions of residents and parents of students in the supervised schools should be fully listened to, so as to fully obtain the relevant information of the supervised objects. Education evaluation theory holds that evaluation is essentially a psychological construction formed through negotiation. In the evaluation process, education supervisors should fully consider the information provided by the school in the self-evaluation stage, and discuss and communicate with multiple parties about the evaluation index and process, so as to form a consensus on the evaluation index system, evaluation scope and evaluation process. In this way, on the one hand, the authenticity and transparency of the evaluation process and results can be guaranteed; on the other hand, the enthusiasm of the community and students' parents to participate in school management can be fully mobilized to create conditions for the school to obtain more school-running resources.

In the specific supervision work, Britain pays great attention to the flexible use of a variety of supervision methods. Both independent supervision and collective supervision. In the method, generally USES the observation analysis method, the discussion investigation method, the inspection test method and so on several kinds. In China, education supervision is mainly divided into comprehensive supervision, special supervision and regular inspection. In the specific supervision process, it is also necessary to carry out a clear division of labor for the supervision personnel, so as to promote them to effectively carry out the supervision work in a variety of ways. In addition, education supervision work in China is faced with the reality of fewer people and more schools. In order to make the supervision play a role, it is necessary to establish a set of flexible and diverse scientific method system adapted to the domestic situation. In terms of specific methods, the efficiency of supervision can be improved by combining point and surface, combining comprehensive visual guidance with special visual guidance, combining centralized visual guidance with piecewise work, and cross-regional visual guidance. In short, combined with the experience of all aspects, to summarize, gradually form a scientific supervision method system with Chinese characteristics, so as to play a more conducive to the effectiveness of supervision, improve the efficiency of supervision.

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