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美国作业代写:Marx's theory of division of Labor

2017-12-04 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Marx's theory of division of Labor,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了马克思的分工理论。分工是一个与生产力紧密相连的马克思主义理论的重要范畴,它不仅是生产力发展的结果,也是推动生产力发展的重要力量。分工理论不仅是马克思创立历史唯物主义的理论基础,也是他发现人类社会发展规律的理论路径,在马克思主义理论形成和发展中占有十分重要的位置。

division of Labor,分工理论,essay代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

The theory of division of labor is not only the theoretical basis of Marx's historical materialism, but also the theoretical path of discovering the law of human society development, which occupies a very important position in the formation and development of Marxist theory. Historical materialism holds that the development of human society, like the development of nature, has its own objective law, and the impetus to decide this law of development comes from the movement of social contradictions. By studying the contradictory movement of division of labor and Productivity and production relations, Marx has scientifically explained the "Riddle of historical development" and discovered the objective law of the development of human society.

Division of labor is an important category of Marxist theory, which is closely connected with productivity, it is not only the result of productivity development, but also the important force to promote the development of productivity. Productivity is the real power of people to transform the material world, which has the social historic and objective reality. Engels believed that Marx from "The Material production practice" embarks, through the numerous complex historical phenomena, has discovered the human society development Historical Law. This objective historical law is not produced in the superstructure, but is rooted in social production. In the continuous development of productivity, human society presents its own unique objective law. At the same time, the continuous development of productivity has gradually changed the relationship between people, people and society and people and nature. The great role of productive forces in social development has been embodied in the process of Marx's discussion of division of labor.

First, the Division of labor in the social development of the positive role. In the 1844 manuscript of economic philosophy, Marx pointed out: "Division of Labor to improve productivity, increase the wealth of society, and promote exquisite social perfection." At this point, Marx affirmed the viewpoint of the national economic scientists, and considered that the rational division of labor is the ingenious use of the work ability, which helps to promote the increase of social wealth and the level of productivity. In the German ideology, Marx and Enge not only emphasized the role of Division of labor in promoting productivity, but also pointed out the dependence of productivity on division of labor and Communication, "productivity is manifested as something that is completely independent of individual individuals and separated from them." The reason is that the individual-their power is productivity-is fragmented and contradictory, and on the other hand these forces are the real power only in the interaction and interconnectedness of these individuals. On the one hand, Marx stressed that productivity as an objective material force does not depend on the existence of everyone, on the other hand, he pointed out that the role of productivity in the Division of labor, Communication and other forms of human labour, no division and communication, there is no real productivity. In the poverty of philosophy, Marx pointed out: "The accumulation and division of production tools are inseparable, ... Because of this, every major development in the machinery has increased the division of labor, and the intensification of each division of labor has also caused new mechanical inventions.

At this point, Marx discussed the relationship between division of labor and Machine, thought that the division of labor not only enhanced the production skills of laborers, but also promoted the innovation of production tools and the expansion of the productive field, and finally improved the productivity level of the whole society. In addition, Marx also analyzed the relationship between division of labor and production efficiency, production costs: The division of labor to make workers fixed in specific positions, long-term engaged in fixed work, and thus save the time consumed by Labor conversion. Not only that, with the continuous improvement of workers ' production skills, the labor time consumed in unit products will gradually decrease, and the labor cost will be reduced naturally. In particular, in the context of the separation of mental and physical labour, the long-term commitment of some people to management, inventions and scientific research has led to continuous innovation and broadening of production tools and productive fields, providing impetus for further development of social productive forces. In capital, Marx pointed out that workers in fixed positions can concentrate more energy and wisdom to produce, the result will inevitably enhance their own labor skills. In addition, the Division of labor is also conducive to the accumulation of labour experience, "it is the father, son biography of the generation of the generation of the special skills accumulated, only to make the Indians have spider-like skills." "It can be seen that in ancient India, textile workers were skilled because they tended to bear the results of their own experiences."

From the above, Marx expounds the role of division of labor in promoting the development of productive forces from the aspects of social wealth, material power, machine invention, production efficiency and production experience, and demonstrates the value and significance of division of labor in social development. In fact, Marx is not on the Division of Labor and Division of labor, he would like to further explain that, due to the development of division of labor, whether in material wealth, or in the free time, the workers have made unprecedented progress, it can be said that the division of labor for the realization of the free and comprehensive development of

Second, the role of division of Labor in the development of productive forces. In the 1844 economic philosophy manuscript, Marx analyzed the double effect of the Division of labor in the capitalist society, he pointed out: "Division of Labor to improve productivity, ... At the same time, workers are trapped in poverty until they become machines. ...... Make workers more and more dependent on capitalists. As Marx said, in the capitalist Society, the Division of labor has two sides, on the one hand to promote the development of productive forces, on the other hand, accelerated the working class of extreme poverty, and ultimately forced workers to become slaves of machinery and capitalists of the vassal. In the German ideology, Marx pointed out that "the degree of the development of Division of labor" can reflect "the level of the development of the productive forces of a nation", on the other hand, "the individual is dominated by division of Labor, the division of labor makes him become one-sided people, make him deformed development" In "The poverty of Philosophy", Marx criticizes the mistaken idea that Proudhon does not understand dialectics, and only divides the division of labor into "good and bad sides mechanically".

After expounding the meaning of "machine invention to Division of labor", Marx pointed out that "the emergence of automatic factory shows some behavior that is not charitable."  The adoption of the machine intensified the division of labor within the society, simplifying the function of the workers in the workshop, assembling the capital and making the people further divided. In capital, Marx pointed out the importance of handicraft division of labor to improve production efficiency, on the other hand, expounded the negative consequences of handicraft division of Labor, "Handicraft division of labor is not only for the capitalist but not for the workers to develop social productivity, Moreover, the labour productivity of the society is developed by the deformity of various workers. It produces new conditions for capital-governed labor. Therefore, on the one hand, it is manifested as the historical progress and necessary development factor in the process of social economic formation, on the other hand, it is manifested as civilized and sophisticated means of exploitation. ”

To sum up, Marx's research on division of Labor is based on dialectical materialism and historical materialism, and the double effect of division of labor highlights the Marxist materialist dialectics. On the one hand, the division of labor is of great significance to the liberation of mankind, on the other hand, the division of labor is the root of private ownership, and the division of labor under private ownership hinders the all-round development of mankind. Therefore, the development of productive forces not only demands the elimination of private ownership and old-fashioned division of labor, but also requires the establishment of public ownership and the new division of labor, and ultimately the all-round development of human freedom.

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