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留学生作业代写:The Western Marxism

2017-09-08 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The Western Marxism,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了西方马克思主义。西方马克思主义产生于20世纪20年代,是后来的马克思主义学者对十月革命胜利和对西欧社会革命失败进行反思总结的结果。它是马克思和恩格斯学说同当代哲学、社会学等领域的有关理论成果交汇,并由后马克思主义者在不同地区的社会实践中加以运用的结果,反映了时代性,具有现代色彩。

Western Marxism,西方马克思主义,essay代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

First, what is western Marxism? In fact, it was produced in the 1920s, and it is the result of the Marxist Scholars ' reflection on the victory of the revolution and the failure of the social revolutions in western Europe. It can be said that it is a relatively independent system of Marxism, but can not directly say that it is Marxism, in short, it is the Marx and Engels Theory and contemporary philosophy, sociology, culture, economics and other fields of relevant theoretical results converge, and by the post-Marxists in different areas of social practice to apply the results, Reflect the times, with modern color. But some scholars believe that Western Marxism is a non-Marxist leftist radical trend of thought.

The emergence of Western Marxism reflects the diversity of theoretical research after 20th century after the emergence of various Marxist and Engels theories. The emergence and development of Western Marxism really reflects the practical application of the basic principles of Marxism in the current Western society, and forms the mode of socialist practice and Marxist theory under the background of Western culture. It is essentially a new practice exploration of the contemporary West under the specific historical conditions, which also determines that the Marxist theory exists in a new form in contemporary society, and they are an important part of the development of contemporary Marxism.

For the western Marxist attitude must be cautious, to use a dialectical perspective to understand the Western Marxism, it has a good side also has a bad side, we have to go to its dross, take its essence. In the study of Western Marxist theory to learn from its advantages. For example, "Western Marxism" on the main content of political philosophy, including three aspects: first, the national view, which is the "Western Marxism" political philosophy most creative place. The Western Marxism holds that the correct grasp of the state theory and the clarity of the fog on the national issue is the key to the victory of the proletarian revolutionary struggle. Second, the question of the dictatorship of the proletariat, "Western Marxism" for the dictatorship of the proletariat, both against the frequency of the disaster, and against ignoring the rationality of the dictatorship of the proletariat, advocated the overall abandonment of the western bourgeois short-sighted approach and then advocated the proletarian dictatorship as a necessary means to gradually weaken the state, Thus achieving an ideal social state of humanitarianism. Third, the Class View, "Western Marxist" theorists such as Lukacs, such as the sincere praise of the proletariat, they analyzed the proletarian changes, the distinction between the proletariat and the working class, and put forward a new concept of the working class, absorbing a large number of mental workers such as staff, white-collar, service industry personnel, There are many enlightening ideas about class analysis.

On the significance of Western Marxism, summed up four points: first, can help us to understand the nature of Western Marxism correctly, to the western Marxist connotation to do a correct understanding, no longer in the Western Marxism is horse or non-horse problem on the issue of repeated entanglements, And it can distinguish between traditional Marxism and Western Marxism, so as to get a better idea. Second, we should strengthen the understanding and understanding of the new situation and problems of capitalism, and through studying the Western Marxism, we clearly see the new changes of contemporary capitalism, such as the change of ownership, the change of social stratum and class structure, the change of labor-capital relations and the distribution relationship, These new changes give some enlightenment to the socialist countries in some sense, and the specific problems are analyzed concretely. Third, learn from the Western Marxism New creative theory, so as to better use of Marxist theory, but also enrich and develop the Marxist theory from different perspectives. Finally, we can face the contradictions of socialism and pay attention to the development of Marxism in the present era.

Finally, with the development of China today to discuss some of my views, Western Marxism on the development of China's reference and significance. First, China is to take the characteristic socialism development road, therefore needs the Marxism instruction, thus can carry on the socialism modernization cause which the Chinese characteristic further advances. Therefore, the realization of "Ma Zhe, Zhengjie, Sije" common prosperity, mutual reference is the realization of the modernization process of the great first step. It is emphasized that Marxist philosophy plays a central role in the process of socialist modernization. Therefore, we must study the spirit of Western Marxist philosophy seriously. Second, the Western Marxism has another important theory for us to study, is its social critical theory is also called the modern critical theory. This theory is the theory of western developed capitalist society, it not only reveals all kinds of malpractice of developed capitalist society, but also puts forward some development theories of new society. This provides a better reference for China's socialist construction. China's socialist society also needs to constantly improve its own system, and actively overcome and resolve the problems encountered in the modernization process. Therefore, the study of Western Marxism, whether it is philosophy or modern criticism theory, is of great significance to China's modernization process.

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