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留学生作业代写:Maxine Greene's aesthetic education

2017-09-07 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Maxine Greene's aesthetic education,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了玛辛·格琳的审美教育。玛辛·格琳是美国著名教育哲学家,她的审美教育思想对当代的美育教学和实践具有启发意义,可促进如今审美教育理论的突破与发展。玛辛·格琳提出,审美教育意味着启动观看、倾听、感觉、运动的新方式,对意义进行探寻,从而进行学习与实践。

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According to Maxine Greene aesthetic Education Thought, aesthetic education, as an essential part of individual development, has an important position. It can launch a new way of watching, listening, feeling and moving, cultivate a unique thinking and expression, give life to art works, make it have various meanings, and cultivate appreciative, reflective, cultural and participatory art experience. Educators need to guide students to perceive, understand and experience all kinds of art, cultivate their aesthetic experience and attention, make it more positive sensitivity and consciousness; Aesthetic educators should try to cultivate and inspire students ' imagination, to feel life, to symbolize life and to observe life; Teachers must set up effective courses and create situational experiences, To guide the students to think in different ways, to share the understanding and possibility of multicultural, to urge the young people to emancipate their minds and to create freely; aesthetic education can make the observer and the participants change, create a new world of sound and sensation, make a meaningful public space, and serve the freedom of the world.

Maxine Greene, a famous American educational philosopher, writer and social activist, has great influence and is praised as the philosophical queen of the most important American education philosophers and aesthetic education after Dewey. Her aesthetic education thought is instructive to the teaching and practice of aesthetic education in contemporary China, which can promote the breakthrough and development of the domestic aesthetic educational theory.

In the academic circles, aesthetics research is the phenomenon of aesthetics, which is the phenomenon or aesthetic activity in the aesthetic relationship between man and the world, and the aesthetic relation is the free emotional experience relationship which is constructed by human beings to the world with the aid of perceptual form. Therefore, aesthetics is concerned with perception, imagination and its relation to understanding, understanding and feeling the world. Maxine Greene, which is to define aesthetics from the perspective of aesthetic relationship and artistic experience, thinks that aesthetics focuses on "the way in which the works of art become the object of experience and its influence, that is, how to change the visual angle of people experiencing nature, experiencing human beings and experiencing real-time." "Aesthetic" is used to describe and draw the way of experience formed when people meet art works.

Maxine Greene suggests that aesthetic education means a new way to start watching, listening, feeling, and moving, to explore the meaning and to study and practice. Aesthetic education has an important position, it is not affiliated with the marginal discipline, and it is not a kind of decorative knowledge, but a necessary part of individual life development. Maxine Greene Practice of aesthetic education is not a regular school education, and it lies in cultivating the unique thinking and expressive power, the individual starts from the esthetic experience, enters into the vivid reflection, the unceasingly generative meaning world, the esthetic education presents the open space, has not explored many possibilities, it is neither the anticipated or the Quantification object, More than social control. Maxine Greene believes that "aesthetic education is one of the efforts of human beings to explore a greater level in the world." It has the powerful impetus, may promote the individual to seek the foundation which the conducting, impels the people to break through the conventional, the passive, the tedious form ' cotton wool ' the condition, the vigilance enters to live the fragrance and the complex question world. ”

Therefore, aesthetic education is a cause of concern, so that learners can learn to focus on objects, give life to art works, make them rich in all kinds of meanings, so as to cultivate appreciative, reflective, cultural and participatory art experiences. Aesthetic education encourages people to see and empathize in different ways, forming new compositions and opening New Horizons. Maxine Greene encourages people to establish more links with the world, art as the most concentrated expression of aesthetic experience, art education pays attention to different artistic media, emphasizes many artistic expressions, uses various means of technique, and various methods of materialization art. Art education and aesthetic education can promote each other. Art educators can promote the production of art works, aesthetic educators can also open up space for artistic exploration. Therefore, when people can ask their own aesthetic experience questions, aesthetic education is the result.

In contrast with the education of aesthetic theory and category in China, Maxine Greene from aesthetic experience, problem consciousness and reflective practice. Aesthetic education cultivates people to appreciate and comprehend art more keenly, and the goal of aesthetics is to realize vivid aesthetic experience, and to inspire the vivid moments of individual life. At the moment of aesthetic experience, one can feel, perceive and imagine freely, and realize the connection between his life and the world around him in a twinkling of an eye. Aesthetics can also lead people to discover new sights and form the whole of isolated parts. The primary concern of aesthetic educators is: How to make students have more positive sensitivity and consciousness? Educators need to guide the students to perceive, understand and experience all kinds of art, in-depth to feel what is the art and artistic expression of the ability to express, on the basis of this aesthetic experience to promote a meaningful understanding.

So how do you get a deep aesthetic experience? It involves how people understand art. As far as art works are concerned, it is far from worldly, stylized daily life, and has its existence space and world. But it is necessary to be a special kind of contemplation to become a real aesthetic object. When an individual is engrossed in aesthetic contemplation, the object of appreciation will naturally break away from the daily life and practical relationship and open himself up in an individual, rich historical, living way. When individuals communicate freely with their works of art, he will be aware of possible new perspectives and new understandings, and seek new insights and new Horizons, even daring to take risks for novelty. Maxine Greene stressed that only by transcending the secular freedom of conduct and exploration, this experience can be called aesthetic experience. This kind of aesthetic concern is a process, it is always in progress, never-ending. Painting, dance, music, poetry and other categories are created for aesthetic experience, aesthetic experience can not only discover the different characteristics of art, and each experience the same work will have a new discovery. Maxine Greene will cultivate aesthetic concern as a cause, inspire educators to help others to think, think, feel, observe, and make them find. Therefore, only when the attention is willing to jump out of the ordinary world, with the true but incomplete person to face the art works, can make it meaningful.

The truth of art is not pure reality, but the truth of art. Artists use different artistic mediums or symbolic systems to create art, people to perceive the art work with the pure individual, the Esthetic object produces in the individual initiative and the artistic work exchange process, the art should be understood as the creation significance pattern, they are stirring, stirs up, moves the people, makes it to experience the world in different way. So how do people realize the value of their works through aesthetic experience? Maxine Greene points out that the realization of value is closely related to the way of contemplation, dialogue space and physical and mental participation. In order to fully understand the works of art, people need not only the positive and perceptive perception, but also the distinguishing characteristics of the artistic medium. and the ability to distinguish the characteristics of various artistic language, it is necessary to personally participate in and experience different art categories. Through this practice, people's ability to understand can be enriched, and to bring people closer to, focus on art performance and creative work, open more awareness of the possibility, awareness of more aspects, and thus more consciously live in the world. In order to grasp a complete and independent work, people should not only understand the aesthetic space, but also maintain appropriate aesthetic distance. When people pay attention to the aesthetic way of the whole nature of the work gradually transition to the present moment, people feel immersive to play and gallop imagination, incarnate in the works, the works personified, make it their own world.

At this time, art works will be integrated into people's consciousness, people in the experience and reflection can find a new model, thus from to observe the world. Maxine Greene endowed The art with vivid realistic life, revealing the profound reflection and comprehension in the aesthetic experience. For Maxine Greene, aesthetic experience is not a romantic obsession, nor a Shen theoretical representation, but a reflection of the difficult survival situation, seeking and understanding of the meaning of the world, thus contributing to positive and effective social space and sound. The premise of constructing the relation between the individual and the work is the living subject in the realistic context. Only such individuals can create new compositions and associations, and this creation is essentially creating meaning. In the aesthetic experience, in the front of the subject is not only the new order, but also the meaning of the more intense exploration. The subjective dimensions of individual comprehension and perception will become active, and the works of art are also active. Aesthetic education not only deepens the understanding of art, but also can serve the freedom of sharing the world. Through this kind of education brings the sentiment and the full awakening, people will be in a certain sense free to seek own voice.

Aesthetic education involves not only the profound understanding and comprehension of art forms, but also the significance of enriching and free level through the direct aesthetic experience, and the aesthetic experience can not be separated from the exertion and embodiment of imagination. Dewey once pointed out that the antithesis of ' aesthetic ' is ' numbness '. Therefore, we can regard aesthetic education as a more active, sensitive and passionate way of human exploration, which is devoted to ―― education. "Maxine Greene is committed to the realization of this intellectual pleasure, that is, the mobilization of consciousness at all levels of understanding: cognition, emotion, observation, meaning movement." The aim is to seek a complex form of understanding or creating meaning, to guide people to understand more deeply the nature and the world of sharing, and to feel richer and happier. As Dewey described, aesthetic experience includes "making precise discernment, identifying subtle connections, identifying symbolic systems ..." Read the works, and know the world in the works and know the works in the world. Many of our experiences and skills are mobilized and changed during the aesthetic experience. Aesthetic ' attitude ' is uneasy, exploratory and experimental ―― rather than attitude, it is action: creation and recreation.

Maxine Greene especially emphasizes the importance of imagination, which is a cognitive ability that is often neglected in educational discourse, but it is necessary for learning and survival. Imagination is an art of discernment, which creates connections, establishes order, opens new horizons, and challenges people's accustomed things. Imagination can make people understand the particularity of things, insight into their inner life, and grasp the deep image. Imagination helps to foster the motivation of students to learn, make them consciously choose, and act on their choices, and be willing to initiate and propose critical questions. Imagination is not only the ability of mental imagery, but also the ability to put yourself in a situation, and the power to create fictional situations. Imagination enables people to develop possibilities in reality and to transcend and create, revealing other truths. Maxine Greene believes that the consciousness of imagination has different stages, and educators want to inspire the imagination of each stage. In the focus on the power stage, the art works can show the uniqueness and completeness. People use utilitarian, moral, historical considerations, teachers can be used to talk, guide or reveal to stimulate and expand the consciousness of students. In the release of the imagination stage, students enter a full of amazing reading space, need to maintain an open mind to explore, and in it. All of this means breaking the limits and constraints, seeing the world more from the perspective, and recognizing that the world is never complete and thus needs to be reshaped and renewed.

The important difference between aesthetic education and art education is that the former is a process-oriented education, while the latter is guided by results. Maxine Greene believes that art education teaches people how to consume, rather than how to face art with emotion and sincerity, so that the consciousness of concentration and desire should give lasting life to art. Aesthetic education is always in the process, always in the exploration of the text, always in the search for some kind of teaching way to impress people, so that their self-reflection, create meaning, and change their life world. Aesthetic experience is like the adventure of life, to the possibility and unpredictable world, to give art works to new life. The key to aesthetic experience is to internalize and resonate with the things that have been learned, and to resonate with the works of concern, and then to achieve a change. Therefore, the individual must use more vocabulary to express themselves, see things from different perspectives, and open new windows in the secular world. The ultimate goal of aesthetic education is not the ability to reproduce and recite, nor to demonstrate proficiency in a particular skill; "My goal is to challenge what is taken for granted, to be cold, to be fettered and to be restricted." Maxine Greene is influenced by Sartre's thought of free imagination, and thinks that imagination is not only the consciousness ability to transcend and negate reality, but also the means and tools of actively intervening and striving for freedom. If educators remain fully open and dare to explore, know how to pay attention to, listen to, watch, effectively mobilize the students ' sensory and cognitive ability, in the implementation of aesthetic education process, can cultivate and inspire students to use their own way to the world, and will continue to wake up. Only by changing themselves, and infecting others, can this be a true aesthetic educator, who is able to travel in the "urgent and richer" meaning of the kingdom described by Dewey.

The theme of aesthetic education lies in perception, imagination and exploration of meaning. For aesthetic mastery and aesthetic understanding, perception is the starting point and foundation. It needs psychological and imaginative participation, and the full presentation of art works depends on the way people participate and grasp. Perception involves an intuitive understanding of a complex whole, and it is also a positive exploration that explores gradually becoming clear and visible to the whole. This means that perception must be detached from passivity, negativity, and inattention, and face art with a living, perceptible person. The perceptual process involves a sense of never being seen, a possibility that has not been revealed, and a process of internal taste, elaboration and deep infiltration. At this time, the aesthetic experience becomes the individual consciousness, and illuminates the world that people live in. The aesthetic education of Maxine Greene puts forward a high demand for educators, and teachers should strive to create an environment that stimulates aesthetic experience, try to guide students to think about different ways of life and possibilities, and then help them to realize the interaction of positive imagination inside and outside vision, In the world of art works and aesthetic experience of the world to create a variety of links between, so as to explore the meaning of the world and order. It is necessary for teachers to introduce various courses of art and to combine their own understanding of different cultures. Teachers need to create the right environment for students to be free to create themselves and to be creative.

How to open up more space in class? Maxine Greene eager to school aesthetic education can transcend classroom space, to a wider society to form a public space. Let those who defend the art of imagination and possibility remind the citizens of the dark existence and remind people to resist, conceive, design, imagine and change in order to promote the development of public cause and democratic justice. Therefore, the aesthetic experience not only occurs in the closed space of the ivory tower, but also is not the mystical intuition experience, but the reality action and the change.

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