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American higher education accreditation system

2019-01-22 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- American higher education accreditation system,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的高等教育认证制度。美国高等教育认证制度是以教育质量保证和改进为宗旨,以非政府的、自愿性的自我评估和同行专家评价为核心过程和主要特称,在满足学生及其家长、政府和社会公众对高等教育质量保证的基本要求的同时,帮助学校及专业改进办学质量并得到发展,此外保护学校和专业的学术自由与学校自制,免受学校外部的负面干扰。另外,美国教育认证分为学校认证和专业认证两种。

higher education accreditation,美国高等教育认证制度,assignment代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

"Educational certification is a way of guaranteeing the quality of educational services provided by an educational institution for groups or individuals receiving or possibly receiving such educational services and the public in need of educational services." American higher education certification system has played an important role in guaranteeing and improving the quality of higher education, which has important reference significance for China, which has just entered the popularization stage of higher education, to realize the transition from a big country of higher education to a powerful country of higher education.

Education quality is the lifeline of education, higher education expansion since 1999, a few short years of higher education in China has been realized by the stage of elite education to mass education period, fact is, however, with the expansion of education scale, decline in the quality of education problem has become a focus of government and social concern. In 2006, the state council held a meeting on "strengthening and improving the enrollment management of institutions of higher learning", which stressed that "we should appropriately control the growth rate of enrollment, keep the enrollment scale relatively stable, and focus on improving the quality". How to effectively coordinate the relationship between scale expansion and quality control and ensure the healthy and orderly development of China's higher education has increasingly become a common concern of the government and people from all walks of life. The United States is the world's recognized higher education power, but also the world's first higher education certification countries. It is of great significance to improve the quality of China's higher education and promote the healthy development of China's higher education to establish an objective, reasonable, fair, transparent and universally recognized quality assurance system by referring to the American higher education certification system and combining with China's actual situation.

For example, CHEA defines certification as "the external quality assessment process of colleges and universities or majors that are inspected in detail in order to ensure the quality of education and improve the quality of education". Stateful definitions, such as USED, define accreditation as: "accreditation is a mark given by a certification body to a university or a profession to demonstrate that it is and may be able to meet its mission and standards for the foreseeable future." In a word, higher education certification is conducted by a legal and responsible evaluation institution to verify whether a college or major meets the established qualifications and standards. The purpose of certification is to provide an authoritative and recognized assessment to improve the quality of higher education.

American higher education accreditation system is based on quality assurance and quality improvement for the purpose of education with non-governmental, voluntary self-assessment and peer expert evaluation as the core process and the main said, to meet the students and their parents, the government and the social public to the basic requirement of higher education quality assurance at the same time, to help schools and professional to improve education quality and get development, in addition to protect schools and professional academic freedom and self-control, negative interference from outside the school. American education certification is divided into school certification and professional certification. School certification is a certification process that takes a school as the object and evaluates the whole school to confirm its basic education quality and sustainability. Professional certification is the certification of a specific major or specialized school of a school. The most authoritative accrediting body for schools in the United States is the school and college association of the six regions: the north-central school and college association, the central school and college association, the western school and college association, the southern school and college association, the northwest college and university committee, and the New England school and college association. For example, the famous Harvard University, Massachusetts institute of technology and Yale university are accredited by the New England association of schools and colleges, and Stanford university is accredited by the western association of colleges and schools.

For higher education accreditation system, extensively absorb the teachers and students in the process of certification and the evaluation of the social people from all walks of life widely participate in school affairs, colleges and universities to hear and accept the professional evaluation institution of evaluation, facilitate the timely and accurate understanding of the social demand for the quality of higher education, accept the social from all walks of life, especially the certification institutions as the main representative of social third-party supervision, the colleges and universities have a significant role in promoting the quality of education, but also the most widely absorbs the social from all walks of life widely participation and supervision of university education, is helpful to promote the democratization process of education.

It is conducive to the transformation of government functions and the expansion of school autonomy. In our country, the government is not only the main investor in education, but also the direct manager. In the education aspect and so on macroscopic plan is all by the government concrete plan; In terms of micro-management, the government intervenes in some or all aspects of people, money, materials and even education and teaching in colleges and universities. As for the investigation and supervision of the quality of running a school, the education administrative department mainly carries out the investigation and supervision by means of education supervision or evaluation institutions. Although some social organizations try to understand or supervise the running of colleges and universities in the form of university ranking list, the pattern of government-arranged education is basically the same. The certification body can play the coordinating role of the third party, which is conducive to the transformation of government functions, the better play of the macro management function of government agencies, the relief from the tedious micro management affairs, and at the same time, let the school manage the school affairs by itself, and expand the school autonomy.

It is conducive to running a school in accordance with the law and improving the efficiency of running a school. The implementation of higher education certification system is conducive to schools running schools in accordance with social and market demands, aiming to improve the efficiency of running schools. In the market economy, students or parents are customers of higher education. Both students and parents have the right to know about the quality of colleges and universities. Draw lessons from the education authentication system, through the authentication standard content formulation and the widespread absorption society member participation authentication way, reflects the society and the market to the higher education appeal. Through the publish to the society at the same time, certification bodies results, in the form of help parents, students and unit of choose and employ persons is accurate and timely understanding of the school quality, certification bodies can play a coordinating role between school and society and the market, timely communication and sharing of information, so as to avoid "information failure" and "asymmetric information".

China's education management system, especially the higher education management system, is characterized by distinct bureaucratic organization. Administrative rights are often one of the most important determinants in the process of education management. And the characteristics of education certification system is to let a third party certification bodies, as entrusted by the competent education administrative organization is given priority to with peer experts assessment team in certification assessment, certification bodies in the bridge between administrative experts and institutions of higher learning, effective and convenient communication and coordination effect, in order to eliminate the school education quality evaluation appraisal on issues such as barriers between the two.

The effectiveness of educational certification system in the process of guaranteeing the quality of higher education in the United States has attracted extensive attention and emulation from other countries. Other countries have also established and participated in the ranks of higher education certification, and has been recognized worldwide. Internationalization of higher education is an irreversible trend in the development of higher education. After China's accession to the WTO, it has participated in the competition and cooperation worldwide in an all-round way, and higher education is no exception. The implementation of higher education certification system is conducive to the mutual recognition of the quality of higher education between China and other countries in the world and the acceleration of the internationalization of higher education in China.

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