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The rule of law in American primary and secondary schools

2019-01-02 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- The rule of law in American primary and secondary schools,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国中小学的法治教育美国中小学的法治教育被界定为一种培养非法律专业者掌握在法律、法律程序和法律体系等方面的知识与技能,以及赖以建立的基本原则和价值观的教育。法治教育为美国的中小学生提供一些基本的法律知识、技能和价值观,使他们在这个充斥着法律的民主社会中有效运作和适应,做一名积极的、负责任的公民。

American primary and secondary school,美国中小学法治教育,assignment代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

As part of the education of American citizens, the rule of law education is generated in accordance with the development of citizen education. The origin of education in the true sense of rule of law was the "legal learning movement" in the 1960s, which experienced the period of organizational development and curriculum development, and then the period of national promotion. It was not until 1975 that education under the rule of law was included in the scope of social science courses as a formal course. In the 1990s, the problem of youth violence and campus security has become increasingly prominent. Educators called for efforts to cultivate positive values in the young generation, and it was imperative to strengthen the rule of law education.

The rule of law education in American primary and secondary schools is defined as "education, which cultivates the knowledge and skills of non-legal professionals in law, legal procedures and legal systems, as well as the basic principles and values they rely on to establish". The author believes that the rule of law education is to provide primary and secondary school students with some basic legal knowledge, skills and values, so as to enable people to operate and adapt effectively in this democratic society full of laws and become active and responsible citizens.

The rule of law education of American primary and secondary schools is mainly carried out through "citizen education", which pays attention to the rights and obligations of students education. American rule of law education has different goals and contents in primary and secondary school. Take Florida as an example. In primary school, rule of law education includes mathematics, English, social learning, music, art and sports. Rule of law education is mainly interwoven in social learning courses. This stage is mainly based on the legal common sense closely related to life and the brief introduction of the relevant national system as the main content. It is less difficult and focuses on inspiring students' interest and cultivating their independent thinking ability. In middle school, although facing the pressure of college entrance, social learning, as one of the required courses, still plays an important role in the whole course. In this stage, the rule of law education mainly connects law with life, imparts basic legal knowledge to students, and cultivates legal consciousness. The amount and difficulty of legal knowledge in middle school are higher than that in primary school. In this way, in line with the age and mentality of students, interlocking and effective crime prevention, American teenagers aspire to become qualified citizens who abide by the law and are loyal to the American political and economic system.

In the United States, there is no unified education system, and all states have great autonomy. The rule of law education is no exception. It has no unified curriculum, but the basic spirit of its discipline is unchanged. The specific teaching courses are mainly based on "law, power, justice, freedom and equality". Some states carry out it as part of the core course "citizens and government", some states carry out it as a single course "rights and responsibilities" and "constitution", and some states set up special rule of law

First of all, the rule of law education requires students to actively participate in their own learning. Teachers encourage students to role-play in class and express different opinions on legal issues. Ask the students to compare several different judgments on the same question, encourage the students to put forward historical precedents, evaluate their roles, and understand the nature of historical and social changes.

Secondly, all education programs on the rule of law are based on the study of constitution, case law and social issues, so the ideal education class on the rule of law is BBS where students can freely discuss conflicting concepts. Teachers provide students with different legal issues and high-quality information so that they can explore their legal rights and responsibilities, face and solve disputes, discuss and analyze social problems.

Third, the rule of law education also requires students to actively participate in appropriate social actions, mainly community service activities. In practice, active learning, research and social action are closely linked and inseparable. For example, educators help students think about fairness and deepen students' understanding of the concept of fairness by asking whether "fairness means that society provides everyone with the same education". When considering whether freedom includes a education right, students are required to consider whether property right includes a right to buy a better education. If so, students are required to consider whether freedom will undermine equality as a social ideal. In this process, students learn how to articulate ideas and decide on actions. Develop lifelong learning skills that all citizens need, including the ability to think critically, collect, interpret and process information appropriately, and, in particular, participate effectively in social life.

American legal education act of 1978 explicitly pointed out that the rule of law education refers to "cultivate the legal professionals in the aspect of legal system of law, legal process, the knowledge and skills, and grasp on the basis of the basic principles and values of education", the rule of law education aims to help students effectively cope with complicated legal problems in society. Above determine the American primary and secondary school rule of law education rich content, focus on the significant characteristics of effectiveness.

Rich and diverse courses: education course on the rule of law covers all grades of primary and secondary schools in the United States, mainly teaching core knowledge of law, fairness, justice, power, freedom and so on. Sources of resources: in order to increase the curriculum resources, make up the lack of classroom teaching, the primary and secondary schools in the United States from each according to his ability, to vigorously expand the community resources, the judges, lawyers, prosecutors, police officers, please into the classroom, enables the students to communicate directly with a line of judicial practitioners, course content from the internal to the external, extends to the reality, from books by the abstract into concrete, greatly improve the course content authenticity and reality, vividness, to enhance the students' interest in learning and problem consciousness.

The course content is practical: the course content is selected from a wide range of legal theories and practices, such as how to read contracts, how to act when you are arrested, how to avoid legal disputes, how to coordinate conflicts between effective law enforcement and privacy, and how to accept legal social functions and legal restrictions. Teaching method emphasizes participation: on the basis of fully considering students' existing knowledge and experience, American primary and secondary school rule of law education provides students with various opportunities and stages to practice the legal knowledge, skills and values they have learned. In order to deepen their understanding of legal knowledge and promote their exercise of judicial ability, the school carried out mock court activities in which students played the roles of judges, lawyers, prosecutors and witnesses. Organize students to go to the court to observe the trial of the case, so that students can feel the operation of legal procedures; Students are encouraged to participate in community service and apply their knowledge to social practice.

Teaching teachers to strengthen training: unlike other knowledge, legal knowledge has a strong practical. In order to respond to the challenges of social and economic progress, the law needs to be updated. Therefore, the training program for primary and secondary school teachers who teach law courses has become an integral part of the education rule of law in American primary and secondary schools. In the process of training, teachers' knowledge is updated, their skills are improved and their concepts are changed, which is conducive to teachers' understanding and grasp of education concept, purpose, method and content of the rule of law and the achievement of education goal of the rule of law.

The rule of law in the United States education due to the early start, thus formed a relatively complete mode, we should learn useful experience, and rethink of weakness of the rule of law education in our country, in order to improve the level of the rule of law education, improve the legal sense of the primary and middle school students, cultivate their become qualified citizens, to meet the challenges of the future society fierce. We believe that we should promote the rule of law in China from the following aspects:

The production of education effect of rule of law is an imperceptible process and a silent immersion of moistening things. It requires long-term planning of education managers and unremitting efforts of relevant people to achieve satisfactory results. Rule of law education should be student-oriented, not one-sided to deal with evaluation or the pursuit of temporary honor. To establish the rule of law education long - term mechanism.

We should try our best to avoid teachers' one-way indoctrination, and give full play to students' inner potential. Subjectivity is the essential characteristic of human beings. It shows on the one hand that human beings master the laws of the objective world consciously and actively, and on the other hand that human beings create consciously and actively, which embodies human independence, initiative and creativity. The 21st century requires the further development of human subject performance; The school is required to cultivate people with more self-esteem, self-confidence, self-control, independent judgment, self-reliance and other independent personality, creative consciousness, creative thinking and practical ability. Therefore, we believe that how to develop students' subjectivity in the process of education rule of law is the main subject facing education rule of law.

We should not only pay attention to the rote memorization of legal provisions, which will only lead to the mire of dogmatism, and cultivate students who can only be "yes-men" without their own ideas. It is necessary to fully improve students' ability to participate in practice and handle well the relationship between knowledge and practice, which is a dialectical and unified relationship. Knowledge provides theoretical guidance for students to participate in practice, and knowledge is modified in practice.

Although the rule of law education knowledge-based learning is conducive to students' systematic learning and mastery of basic legal knowledge, it can greatly improve students' legal knowledge level and cognitive level in a short period of time. But there is also a difficult to make up for the defect, it is easy to get into the mire of the "law", the rule of law education simply as a form of legal provisions and the spread of information, thus ignoring the spirit of the law, the concept of the rule of law, to the student, obviously, many knowledge of law is just the interpretation of interpretation of the specific law, answer "what is" problem, if the law behind the law did not focus on to lead the value implication and won't be able to answer the "why" question. This requires us to cultivate students' concept of the rule of law in practice and truly understand the true meaning of legal provisions.

Should pay attention to avoid formalism, the complete eradication of the school education under the rule of law "to do" propaganda, formal approach, actively carry out lively and diverse, suitable for different interests students legal practice, the theoretical knowledge into students' daily life environment, make the theoretical knowledge and practice closely with each other, enhance the effectiveness of school education under the rule of law. Avoid the empty space, truly let the rule of law education return to the student's life world, effectively improve the effectiveness of the rule of law education.

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