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Assignment代写:Project responsibility cost management

2018-08-04 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Project responsibility cost management,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了项目责任成本管理。项目责任成本管理,目的是为了降低成本消耗、提升管理能力、促进效益增长,是开源节流,增强企业发展力,保持企业稳定、持续、健康发展的有效途径。各项目在集团公司大力推行责任成本管理的大环境下,充分挖掘内部潜力,通过各种措施,对项目成本进行控制。

Project responsibility cost management,项目责任成本管理,assignment代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

Responsible cost management is an important link and effective means to reduce cost consumption, improve management ability and promote efficiency growth of engineering projects. It is also an important guarantee measure to open source and save the flow. In the context of the group company's vigorous implementation of the responsibility cost management, all projects fully tap the internal potential and control the project cost through improving the organization, clarifying responsibilities, improving the system, secondary decomposition, quantifying indicators, implementing responsibilities, and strengthening the assessment. Through carrying out the responsible cost management work, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of all the project staff to participate in the cost management, constantly improve the comprehensive control ability of the project, and finally achieve a certain economic effect.

2017 is a "crucial year" for China's economic transformation and an important year for the construction industry to continue deepening reform. This year, a series of major events related to the reform and development of the construction industry were carried out at the top of the 19th party congress and the state-led industrial reform. The report of the 19th national congress of the communist party of China put forward for the first time "building a modern economic system", pointing out that China's economy has changed from a stage of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development. Under the new normal, in the construction industry from rapid growth to high-speed growth has become the consensus of the industry, in the face of the pressure of the continuous optimization and upgrading of industrial structure, industry enterprises to seek long-term development, only positive coping, active adaptation, innovation and development, project management responsibility is the foundation of enterprise development, finally achieve synergies to gain a foothold in the fierce market competition.

The general principle of project responsibility cost management is to take the cost management as the main line, namely cost forecasting, cost planning, cost control, cost accounting, cost analysis and cost assessment. In combination with the cost management plan, implementation, inspection and disposal cycle system, the idea of cost management runs through the whole project implementation stage. Integrate it with the management system required by the company, and establish the monitoring defense in case of the main control. Through the improvement of the system, the responsibility and cost are effectively decomposed layer by layer, so that the cost can be controlled at any time and everyone is responsible for it. The benign and active operation of the responsibility cost management will be formed.

Establishing strict project responsibility cost management system is a powerful tool to eliminate the defects and loopholes in project management. The material and equipment management, budget management, project quantity control, labor service management, change claim management, secondary decomposition of liability cost and assessment and realization of project liability management are the important control of the liability cost management system. At the same time, the project department must set up the responsible cost management working group, take the project manager as the main leader, improve the system of responsible cost management, comprehensively standardize and implement the responsible cost management work, and ensure the orderly implementation of the responsible cost management work. As the saying goes, "no rules, no rules, no boundaries", the system is rules, according to the established system, equipped with responsible and competent personnel, and standardized management. When handling relevant business, it is required that relevant personnel must clarify the business processing authority and responsibilities, and review the cost management business. We will implement a system of signature and recognition by all functional departments and eliminate managerial shortcomings through institutional management.

The determination of target cost is of great significance to the whole project cost management. Project management is the target management, and responsibility budget is the target cost of the project. Accurate target cost is the basis of project management and implementation.

First of all, you must plan ahead. Before the commencement of the project, detailed analysis and planning should be carried out on the site selection, site resource survey, drawing review, labor bidding, material procurement, and size plan of the project site, and the planning should be taken as the lead and the responsibility budget should be accurately prepared. Secondly, it is necessary to strengthen the management of on-site construction technology and timely grasp the quantity difference of construction drawings. The third is to combine the actual situation in the field, to formulate control objectives. Fourthly, it is necessary to fully realize that the preliminary plan and the responsibility budget are not only to determine a profit margin, but also to point out the key points of project process control. Only by controlling the project around the overall requirements of the preliminary plan can the cost target be finally achieved.

The second decomposition of the responsibility budget is to move the cost control to the production focus, improve the prior cost management, and combine the cost management mechanism with the production cost management thinking of "pre-budget, in-process control and post-analysis" to realize the cost control of the whole staff, the whole process and all aspects.

Responsibility cost, it is to link the cost of unit cost with each specific responsible person, save the reward and exceed the penalty. Through the incentive mechanism and constraint mechanism, the subjective initiative of "people" in cost control can be fully exerted to achieve the maximum cost reduction.

Project responsibility cost management should be: first responsibility must be refined, the project manager cannot "eyebrows all classes", according to the actual situation of each project, conclude a targeted and accurate responsibility target, and breakdown, responsibility targets only in full, the whole process of fine management, to achieve the target, the target management. Secondly, responsibilities must be quantified, and responsibility management should combine responsibilities, rights and interests according to specific responsibilities, specific contents, quantitative indicators and clear responsibilities. We must carry the burden of a thousand pounds on everyone's shoulders. Only the standard division of responsibility cost center can ensure the standardization and accuracy of responsibility cost analysis.

In the field of labor management, we should strictly implement the system of labor bidding procedures, cultivate excellent labor force, and lay a team foundation for the realization of project management goals. It is the most basic and crucial step to control project cost to equip qualified labor force in project department. One of the most important part is easy to ignore, it is the labor price, if in the early period of the labor price calculation work carefully earnestly enough, considering the problem is not comprehensive, the unit price calculation is not accurate, can cause some reply price is too low can't really implemented or part approval price is too high for the cost control, a number of effects on the management of the project department.

The implementation of responsibility cost management and the maximization of the economic benefits of the project should not only rely on the refined management, but also have a number of subordinate management, high credit and low cost labor force as the guarantee. Therefore, it is particularly important to establish the external qualified labor force evaluation mechanism. After service team play in addition to the site construction according to the contract management, project department to do a good job in service team evaluated each quarter according to each department's feedback, for each service team's performance in the construction of comprehensive evaluation, timely reflect the reality of the labor service team on the project performance, establish a qualified labors credit archives, provide effective reference for the selection of after service team.

The project shall set up the supervision and review department, which shall be responsible for on-site contract employees real-name system statistics, mobile personnel standing books, wage supervision and payment, and investigation of mechanical use, so as to make the project labor service management move towards procedural and regularization.

Material cost is the most important part of the total project cost accounts for about 50% of the total project cost, in the process of project construction, supplies section super is one of the important factors in the project profit and loss, the waste materials will cause a great loss to the project cost, so on material management should pass of three: one is the quality, you must check that all purchased materials quality qualification can be determined after the purchase; Second, purchase customs: fully investigate the market price information, to meet the quality requirements of "comparison of goods" to grasp the procurement opportunity and reduce procurement costs; The third is the entrance clearance: all materials that fail to pass the test and test must not be allowed to enter the site.

When it comes to the use of mechanical equipment, we should try our best to use our own equipment. For those who really need to rent, we should strictly implement the company's price limit and prevent the phenomenon of "indiscriminate renting of machinery". To effectively control the overall cost of the project.

"The scheme determines the cost, and the scheme generates benefits". The reasonable scheme optimization in the construction process of the project takes the cost control as the basic target. Completes the scheme precontrol, particularly heavy difficulty in engineering construction scheme optimization comparison, optimization of construction scheme in terms of safety, quality, progress and cost of comprehensive demonstration comparison, finally selected the optimal scheme tends to maximize is labor, materials and machinery cost greatly reduced, on the premise of ensuring safety and quality to speed up the construction progress, ensure technical requirements at the same time, do plan optimal, lowest cost, effectively reduces the total cost of the project construction, finally achieve the effect of mass transfer efficiency.

Responsible cost management is not only the management of cost and expense, but also the collection, collation and analysis of data. It is necessary to "speak the data, manage the system and ensure the on-site execution ability". Information and data should be collected in various and multi-channel ways. Through data analysis, every employee should find out the problems, improve the sense of responsibility cost management, check the omissions and make up the deficiencies, and better strengthen the process control of cost management. At regular periodic cost analysis, the problems existing in the process of project management in detail the reason analysis, through the phases of the project management of liability cost problems cause analysis, point out the loopholes in project management at present stage, the project manager in a timely manner to master the vulnerability of the responsibility cost management at present stage, for the cause of deviation, set in the next stage detailed rectification measures, in a timely manner to establish cost analysis question library, provide relevant information for the next phase cost analysis, project to project completion of form a complete plan, inspection, analysis and correction, assessment and evaluation of the effective management of the chain.

Change claim is an indispensable normal management business of construction enterprises, the main means of reducing loss and creating effect of projects, and the important way to improve project management and enterprise management. In order to realize the benefits and improve the benefits, enterprises must pay attention to the claim of project change. Change claims overall planning idea is around the construction organization design, construction drawing and sexual according to region characteristic and particularity environment as the core, change the claim the process optimization as the main means of authors efficiency, the project personality prominent problem with general common problems, should, go hand in hand, so as to realize maximum benefits of project.

Project cost control is related to the economic benefits of the whole project and is the "lifeline" of project management. It is the basic means to control project losses and achieve economic benefits to control the source of the responsible cost management through the whole process of the construction project. Any project should always focus on the management of the cost of responsibility, so as to effectively control the cost of responsibility by improving the system, clarifying the responsibility, strengthening the capital control, closing the cost loophole and avoiding blind expenses. A project should continue to adhere to the responsibility cost management not to go through the field, do not do the form, the implementation of the responsibility cost management practice, and improve the project responsibility cost management level. Adhering to the spirit of open source, saving flow, creating profitable and energy-saving enterprises, we will continue to make management artistic and efficient, and contribute to the better development of projects and enterprises.

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