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Assignment代写:The influence of immigration history on American culture

2018-08-01 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- The influence of immigration history on American culture,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了移民历史对美国文化的影响。现代美国的国家历史是从西方移民,建立殖民地开始的。来自英国移民为统治者的殖民时期,这些移民者居于社会的上层,这种由在英国社会底层变为美国社会上层的地位变化,也特别激发出他们自豪和张扬的心里,也特别想把自己的行和思维习惯推到社会,由此也就引导着美国文化的主流,美国的种族文化也就主要体现在这部分人的行为和观念中。

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Behavior consciousness is the condensation of culture, while culture is the sublimation of history, and history is the source of a country's culture and behavior consciousness. To understand a country, one must have a deep understanding of its history and culture. Starting from the history of American immigration, this paper discusses the racial culture, political culture, national culture and social culture of the United States through the group behavior of immigrants. With a specific cultural atmosphere, there is its unique behavioral awareness. The American people's behavior consciousness is mainly manifested in four aspects: the consciousness of competition, the consciousness of right, the consciousness of innovation and the consciousness of rule of law.

The national history of the modern United States begins with the western immigration and the establishment of colonies. In many western countries in the process of immigration to North America, Britain has gradually become the leading role.

At the beginning of the seventeenth century, Britain began to immigrate to North America. The first settlers in North America were mainly landless peasants, hard-living workers and religiously persecuted puritans.

The earliest recorded and most legendary was the mayflower. In 1620, a group of 102 free men from England arrived in North America on the mayflower and signed the mayflower convention. When they landed in Plymouth, the puritans and 41 adult men signed a treaty to abide by the mayflower convention and to organize civil society based on its contents. Formulate laws and regulations; Rules of conduct, and so on, sown the seeds of an autonomous government.

From 1607 to 1733, British colonists established thirteen colonies on the east coast of North America. In the middle of the 18th century, the idea of independence arose from a rift between the colonial community of America and Britain.

On April 18, 1775, the start of the revolutionary war began with the sound of the gun shots in Boston.

The federal government was established in 1789. In the course of domestic and foreign policy disputes, Treasury secretary Hamilton organized the federalist party, advocated centralization, diplomatically pro-british, and controlled the power of the federal government. Secretary of state jeffersonian advocates to safeguard the domestic people democratic rights, organized the democratic republican party. The origins of bipartisanship in the United States began.

The British government was always reluctant to lose control of the north American colonies, but the United States won. In December 1814, Britain and the United States signed a treaty in what is now Belgium's Ghent. Britain recognized the independence of the United States.

From UK immigration for the colonial rulers, these immigrants in the upper of the society, this kind of from bottom to top American society in the UK position change, can also inspire their particular pride and make public heart, also want to own behavior habit, thinking habit to society, which also leads the mainstream of American culture, American ethnic culture is mainly reflected in this part of people's behavior and ideas, the British government on the social and cultural development of laissez-faire is unique the united spirit and culture to grow out of its uniqueness, also became the main source of modern culture. Because these people come from different groups, they all dream of crossing the remote and risky Atlantic ocean to North America to seek gold, and fight for their lives, their lives, their families and their nation in foreign countries. As a result, Americans have a "jungle mentality", a culture of adventure and aggression.

The Atlantic ocean is the second largest ocean in the world. The narrowest part of the Atlantic is also more than 2,400 kilometers away. It is conceivable that the wind and waves are changeable, the water and fire are unrelenting, there is no spirit of adventure and the desire for dreams.

Adventure should be daring to think, and the idea is strange, very human. People who take risks have their own ideas and pursue novelty. The external behavior of risk culture is innovation. It does not believe in authority. It is good at questioning and arguing.

The external behavior of aggression and struggle culture is to compete with each other and restrict each other. We believe in the jungle law, and we have both the consciousness of territorial rights and the consciousness of being weak and predatory. Self, safety, economy, practicality and effectiveness become the subconscious standard for judging the choice of behavior.

Since most of the original immigrants to the United States were infidels, persecuted or displaced people, these people held a distrust of those in power or wealth. In their minds, those who hold power or wealth are presupposed to be selfish and untrustworthy, which follows the assumption of "evil human nature" in Europe. At the same time, because immigrants are fighting with each other for resources, it also leads them to take human selfishness as the precondition of life in their hearts.

Highlighting individuals but not believing in authority, mutual suspicion and interdependence, a group of adventurers with a sense of jungle can effectively get along with each other and govern the country. From this point of action, a unique political culture in national governance is formed, which directly determines the political system and operating mechanism of the current us government.

Before federal, thirteen states from competition to realize the importance of collaboration, and from the Angle of the law of the jungle collective self-insurance to realize the collective power of the larger, surrender part of their respective powers established a federal country, except to the power of the federal constitution various power still belongs to the states, where the state has a high degree of autonomy. States like education and taxes have their own powers. It makes it hard for the United States to find a nationally unified system of so-called higher education or governance models.

In order to restrict and supervise each other, the national operation structure of the United States implements the separation of powers and constraints. Not only that, the administrators in the competition among the two parties, the selection of the way when different parties one wins, is pushing for his own party, as a political appointee of change, some of the original national development ideas are changed, the national part of the operating system and mechanism with change, also directly affects the national present situation and the development of economy, society and culture.

National culture is the centralization of ethnic culture and political culture in this country, and it is the common idea and belief of all the people. It is mainly reflected in the following aspects:

As an immigrant and federal country, the United States has a different national and national concept than other native Americans who founded their own country on their own land. It has a large population and a large number of ethnic groups. Fifty states still exist as national entities. Therefore, the national and national concepts of Americans are not the land boundaries of an entity. Its main national belief is freedom, democracy and human rights, which are closely linked to its temperament of adventure and aggression. Second, it involves natural rights such as land and personal security.

As a free man, he knows that freedom requires rules; otherwise, there is no freedom. The pilgrims signed the mayflower convention with 41 free adult men, which was the origin of their sense of respect for the constitution and the law.

Citizens surrender part of their rights by contract to form a state, and let the state protect their rights by law in the form of power. The state also formed a constitution through a contract, relinquishing some of its rights to form a federation, which exercised certain powers to safeguard national rights. These are the three bonds of American social order: contract, law and law. Without this there would be no mention of American society, let alone American social order.

Especially in the context of unpresupportable cultural psychology, Americans are at a loss to leave the constitution, laws and contracts that can be fixed. Therefore, American citizens and organizations have a conscious awareness of constitution, law and contract. To act in strict accordance with rules, conventions, reasoning and logic, without being flexible or out of line.

Social culture is the externalization and solidification of daily behaviors and thinking patterns of citizens in a country, and it is the most external, direct and popular manifestation of the national cultural characteristics of a country.

This is the externalization and expression of its risk - seeking racial culture. It is decided that American students have a natural advantage in exploring thinking. They do not believe in authority, are good at asking questions, and are good at questioning and debating.

This is the externalization and expression of its jungle law culture. The jungle law requires results, effectiveness and survival. Americans often do things that put tangible results or economic benefits first.

This is related to the culture of independence and freedom, which determines that American students are independent and have self-control ability, especially the ability to plan their future. Everyone has a strong sense of identity and social responsibility.

With a specific cultural atmosphere, there is its unique behavioral awareness.

The consciousness of competition is the first consciousness of American social behavior. In the jungle, winning a competitor means not only getting food, but also life, territory, resources, mating rights and so on. Therefore, the jungle - conscious Americans understand competition differently than we understand competition in depth, breadth, content, and extension. "Friendship first, competition second" is incomprehensible in America. American companies are always striving for the leading position. Otherwise, they will kill each other and create the American industry phenomenon -- gradually forming monopoly.

People in the jungle are both predatory and self-protective. Therefore, in addition to competition, Americans think of their own right consciousness, forming their own unique right consciousness. Freedom, survival, development and democracy have become the main content of their national or individual consciousness and even the constituent parts of the country as they understand it.

The culture of risk seeking determines that Americans have dreams of innovation and delusions in their blood. It is hard to imagine the American society's tolerance for thinking and behaving in a different way. "Do not believe what you hear, but only believe half what you see." whether it is family, school, enterprise or society, individuals are encouraged to think boldly, to act boldly, to follow rules and to believe in authority. In addition to military and diplomatic power, the federal government is the leader and voice of innovative scientific research integrating national power, especially in the research and innovation of military technology, which is inseparable from its inherent innovative spirit. It is not hard to see why the United States has emerged as the world's leading technology leader.

From the mayflower convention to the declaration of independence to the constitution of the United States, the worship of the rule of law in American society can be said to be unrivaled in the world. This worship is embodied in three major aspects. First, citizens consciously abide by the law. Whether it is pedestrians and vehicles in front of traffic lights, or restaurant waiters and diners, you can see the American people's subconscious of strict compliance at all times. Second, strict requirements on the professional qualifications of judges. In the higher education system in the United States, there are only two special education systems: medicine and law. These two majors are not available in undergraduate studies, and only through other majors of four-year undergraduate studies can it be possible to study law or medicine through exams. After finishing the study, I can pass the strict qualification examination for lawyer, so that I can engage in the legal profession. Moreover, a judge must have certain lawyer experience, and a good lawyer can become a judge. Thus, it is extremely difficult to become a judge in America. Third, an accurate understanding of the essence of the rule of law and a social consensus. The rule of law is not simply to govern society by law, but more importantly, the essence of the rule of law is to govern power by law, not by law. This is also the result of immigrants' distrust of power and individuals.

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