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Assignment代写:National security strategy

2018-07-24 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- National security strategy,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了国家安全战略。国家安全战略,指的是为了保障国家的安全,在一定的社会文化背景、地缘经济以及地缘政治影响下,判断现存和潜在的威胁,还有可动用的资源,最终决定通过什么方式或怎样分配和使用资源来应对威胁。有效的国家安全战略的主要构成要素包括界定国家利益、界定可动用资源、界定威胁以及分配资源。

National security strategy,国家安全战略,assignment代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

Over the past few decades, we have paid more attention to China's development strategy and less attention to China's national security strategy. Therefore, it is of far-reaching theoretical and practical significance to strengthen national security strategic consciousness in the new era.

Chinese and western scholars have different definitions of "national security strategy". Western academic circles have concluded that it is a "national plan of all means of coordinating the use of national power to achieve the goal of safeguarding and promoting national interests", which is often confused with national security strategy or grand strategy. However, it was also proposed that the grand strategy was actually a national security strategy in wartime, that the national strategy was an overall strategy including internal affairs and diplomacy, and that the national security strategy was mainly a foreign affairs strategy. The military language of the people's liberation army, published in 1997, defines national strategy as "the overall strategy of planning and guiding national security and development" on the basis of the same definition of military strategy. It can be seen from these two definitions that military strategy is to solve the overall problem of war preparation and implementation, military strength construction and use. What the national strategy aims to solve is the overall problem of national security and national economic and social development.

Since then, on the basis of the definition of the two, the concept of national security strategy of academic circles have put forward their own views, although different versions, but very explicitly include common basic connotation: national security strategy, is to point to in order to ensure their own safety, in certain social cultural background, the economic geography and geopolitical influence, in order to ensure and maintain the basic goals of their own national interests, and judge the existing and potential risk, analysis of the available resources, and finally decided by what way or how to allocate and use resources to respond to threats. Thus it can be seen that the main elements of an effective national security strategy include defining national interests, defining available resources, defining threats and allocating resources.

At present, some scholars in the academic circle believe that at the present stage, we should firmly grasp the unwavering economic construction, the economic development, the enhancement of comprehensive national strength, the enhancement of the national security factor, the complete reunification of the motherland will be resolved naturally. In addition, some scholars believe that it is justified for China to strengthen its economic foundation and take economic construction as the center. The study of history and practice shows that two basic aspects of a country's prosperity and long-term stability are development and security. The purpose of development is to enhance people's well-being and improve people's lives, obtain more sufficient and abundant resources and opportunities, and ultimately enhance the comprehensive strength of a country, enhance its international status and secure international environment. Security means to avoid and resist external threats to the survival and development of a country. In terms of the relationship between the two, development does not necessarily automatically bring security, but it can provide more resources for national security. National strength should be based on national wealth, but national wealth does not mean national strength, let alone national security. In recent years, people have paid more attention to development and assumed that after the development of productivity and economic growth, the country will naturally become strong. But China's recent history of humiliation and bullying by western powers suggests otherwise. Security is, in some ways, a military issue.

The relationship between development and security can be analyzed by the development and changes of major powers in the international community. Country to grow up quickly, we generally think that from the theoretical significance to strengthen the national power, the maintenance national security is advantageous and harmless, but in fact, from the Angle of geopolitics, but perhaps because of their own development would be other countries especially neighboring countries as competitors, potential threats, even increase its prevention, thus to enhance the country's security pressure instead, cause a downturn of the safety factor. Since the rapid growth of China's economy in the 1990s, the so-called "China threat theory" promoted by western countries is a typical case of such incidents. Now, the United States and some European countries regard China as their biggest competitor and potential threat. Russia, by contrast, is less likely to be seen as a threat by other countries in the face of a recent economic downturn, a lack of democracy, domestic social unrest and a decline in overall national strength. It can be seen that Russia's national security coefficient has decreased synchronously due to the decline of its national strength. This shows that although the change of a country's strength has become one of the important factors affecting national security, sometimes they are not in direct proportion to each other.

In today's world, no country can match the United States in terms of comprehensive national strength or security environment. America should be perfectly safe in theory, but it is not. The events of September 11, 2001, which cost the United States a lot of money and caused a lot of casualties, are particularly telling. Subsequently, in pursuit of absolute and permanent security, the United States increased its military funding, developed sophisticated military weapons, and launched wars in global energy and conflict centers. But signs of growing anti-American sentiment around the world and the appetite of terrorists have repeatedly shown that America's broad definition of national interests makes it impossible to achieve the absolute security they imagine. Therefore, when the national security environment is relatively peaceful and stable, it can focus more on development, devote more attention and resources to development. But when the national security environment deteriorates, it will be greatly damaged if we continue to concentrate on development. Therefore, we should recognize that development does not automatically bring security, that development strategies and security strategies should be treated as national strategies of equal relations, that development strategies should not replace security strategies, and that security strategies must be considered as an independent part of national strategies.

Theory and practice have fully proved that national security and development are both important national strategies, which are unified and restricted by each other. In view of the overall situation, China's national security situation tends to be stable compared with other major countries. This is mainly due to China's development strategy based on strengthening national strength, which has been firmly implemented in recent decades. In the context of the global economic recession, China's economic strength has increased rather than decreased. China has become stronger and stronger. This fully demonstrates that while strengthening China's economic strength, China has continuously strengthened its ability to maintain economic security and resist financial risks from the outside world, enhanced its international economic influence, and finally contributed to the formation of the mentality and demeanor of a great power, which has laid a solid foundation for China's image as a great power. Looking into the future and looking around the present, China's national security strategy is based on the premise of domestic security and stability, to continuously strengthen the foundation of national strength and enhance international influence. In the spirit of peaceful development, we will actively shape the international environment for peaceful development and ultimately strive to make peaceful development a world power.

We will implement the principle of independence and adhere to the path of peaceful development. Independence and independence are the key to safeguarding China's sovereignty and national security and the primary policy of China's foreign policy. Peaceful development is the correct path China has chosen in the light of its humiliating recent history of aggression and oppression and the reality of the country's economic development facing reform and adjustment. Peaceful development is also a strategic choice made by the Chinese government and people in accordance with their own fundamental interests and the development trend of The Times. China does not engage in an arms race, pursues a national defense policy that is defensive in nature and does not pose a military threat to any country. China opposes hegemonism and power politics in any form and will never expand or seek hegemony.

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