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美国作业代写:Offshoring in the Global Economy

2017-06-28 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 更多范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的assignment代写范文- Offshoring in the Global Economy,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了全球经济中的离岸外包。随着全球化步伐的推进,离岸外包已成为一种普遍的全球经济现象,发达国家将业务外包给发展中国家。离岸外包其实也是有争议的,因为美国制造业不断增加进口,导致国内不少工厂关闭。实际上,全球经济离岸外包所涉及的主要问题是发达国家的利益和损失,以及发展中国家的机会和威胁。

Offshoring,离岸外包,assignment代写,paper代写,留学生作业代写

As the pace of globalization advances, offshoring has become a common global economic phenomenon in which developed countries outsource operations to developing countries. Offshoring or outsourcing is controversial because of the well-documented association between increasing imports and plant closures and job loss in the US manufacturing sector(Moran and Oldenski, 2016). Indeed, the main issues involved in offshoring in the global economy focus on the benefits and losses for developed countries and the opportunities and threats for developing countries.

The motivations and drive for the offshoring of manufacturing, technologies and services from the richer industrial countries to other less-developed countries are obvious. By locating operations in another developing country with lower labor costs, favorable tax conditions, and less stringent labor regulations, offshoring companies can reduce production costs, expand businesses, enhance competitiveness and achieve considerable profits. Therefore, more and more international corporations take offshoring as a strategic choice for internationalizing their businesses. Opponents, however, insist that offshore countries be seriously affected as offshoring reduces their own domestic employment and domestic investment. Among the offshoring industrial countries, the United States has been going through the most heated debate over the advantages and disadvantages of offshoring. Even Donald Trump can’t decide if offshoring is good or bad, and some economists say moving production overseas can boost overall employment, but not for everyone (DePillis, 2006). Moran and Oldenski(2016), however, argues that US workers benefit from jobs created by foreign firms operating in the United States as well, and therefore America should avoid protectionism and ensure that the US economy remains the most attractive place for firms of all nationalities to enhance US economy.

With increasing offshoring companies from industrial countries, developing countries such as China and India, on the other hand, can increase domestic employment, obtain opportunities to learn advanced technologies and management experience from foreign first-class enterprises, and thus boost their economy. As offshoring businesses develop faster, offshoring industries expand from manufacturing, technologies, services, to financing. While developing countries enjoy significant benefits from increasing foreign corporate outsourcers, problems about profits distribution, environmental protection, excessive resources consumption and exploitation also arise. According to Velde (2004), offshoring of services has a positive impact on productivity, growth and employment in the long run in the countries that offshore and those that provide offshored services. Therefore, the present pressing issue for developing countries is to act as a better service provider to benefit more from those foreign outsourcers.

In conclusion, from the angle of global economic integration, offshoring is now a global trend for all countries to follow. But it is also a double-edged sword, bringing both big benefits and potential threats. Therefore, to handle such an important business strategy, all countries involved should be guided by the principle of mutual benefit to negotiate and cooperate for the sake of healthy development of the world economy.  

References:

DePillis, L. 2016. Trump can’t decide if outsourcing is good or bad. Here’s what economists say.Retrieved from

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/03/03/trump-cant-decide-if-outsourcing-is-good-or-bad-heres-what-economists-say/

Moran,T, H and Oldenski, L, 2016. How Offshoring and Global Supply Chains Enhance the US Economy.Retrieved from

https://piie.com/system/files/documents/pb16-5.pdf

Velde, D.W, 2004. Offshoring: opportunities and threats as services go global.Retrieved from

https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-assets/publications-opinion-files/694.pdf

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