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The training model of American athletes

2018-11-21 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- The training model of American athletes,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国运动员的培养模式。美国是世界第一体育强国,在各项体育赛事中领先于其他国家。美国的体育运动不受政府的直接控制,各运动项目发展的主要经济来源都是与赞助商以及媒体进行合作所获得的收入,参与其中的每一方都有可能获利,互惠共赢。美国奥委会以及全美大学生体育协会是美国两个很具影响力的体育组织。其中,美国奥委会主要负责组织美国参加奥运会以及世界锦标赛的各项目代表队。而全美大学生体育协会和美国奥委会一样,也是独立的社会组织,主要负责组织全美各高校之间各个体育竞技项目的比赛。

American athletes,美国运动员的培养模式,essay代写,作业代写,代写

American sports has always played an important role in world sports. For many years, it has topped the Olympic medal table. In recent years, the pace of its comprehensive development has been even faster. We can not deny that the superb competitive level comes from its good mass sports foundation and strong commercial support, but perhaps more importantly, its talent cultivation and the mode and method of carrying out sports. Sports in the United States is not under the direct control of the government. The main financial source of the development of sports programs is the income from the cooperation with sponsors and the media. Each party involved in them is likely to gain profits and benefit for all. The U.S. Olympic committee and the national collegiate athletic association are two influential sports organizations in the United States. The usoc is responsible for organizing U.S. teams for the Olympics and world championships. This organization is a relatively independent social organization, which is not controlled by the government and does not receive any financial support. The NCAA, like the U.S. Olympic committee, is an independent social organization that organizes sports competitions among colleges and universities across the country. The NCAA is as popular in America as the major leagues and the Olympics. Most importantly, the NCAA ensures athletes' right to receive education while maintaining the high level of American college sports, and enables athletes to achieve balanced and comprehensive development.

Looking at the development of sports in China, we can see that we have achieved remarkable achievements. The recent Olympic Games have been among the best in more and more sports. China's sports development has been supported by the national sports system for many years, and the government has invested a lot in the teams. Although our progress is obvious to all, it is undeniable that the model of the national sports system will have some negative effects on the improvement of athletes themselves and the long-term healthy development of China's sports. Under the national system, the relationship between the great investment in sports and the return, and whether the development mode of such sports is sustainable and efficient need to be reconsidered. In these aspects, the United States, as a country with advanced sports development, has many valuable experiences for our country to learn and draw lessons from.

In the United States, there is no national or government policy on athlete development or special measures to encourage a certain sport. Instead, it is all market-oriented. Before the world series, the individual sports associations held the national trials under the supervision and authorization of the United States Olympic committee. The athletes participated in the training for one to two weeks before the world series, and the competition was disbanded. There are two main outlets for these improvised national team players, in addition to those from universities across the country. One is professional athletes. The major league of American basketball is typical of professional operation. Second, athletes from amateur clubs. These players take sport as a sideline, they have their own jobs, they just take it as a hobby. In Athens, Beijing and London three Olympic men's shooting competition, in the lead, always on the last shot with the champion lost, emmons is an accountant.

No one gets preferential treatment for past results. Everyone has to participate in the trials to qualify. World-class athletes like tyson gay and Alan Johnson have missed the Olympics because of injuries. The reason why the United States has a "one-shot" qualifying system is that Americans do not believe in the power of authority in many cases. They prefer to have a fair, well-written selection system, rather than anyone winning in an opaque world. That is why the United States did not name its Olympic athletes until half a month before the London games.

American colleges and universities attach great importance to sports. There are 1,066 member colleges in the NCAA, and there are 340 in the first level, among which there are many ivy league universities. For example, duke university and UCLA in the first level basketball league. UCLA can be said to be the best in competitive sports, and its athletes have won 250 MEDALS in the past Olympics, more than even many countries. Such huge education resources and perfect training system have laid a very good foundation for the level of competition and the appreciation of competition among universities. Campus sports culture is also carried out loud and colorful, and many popular games, such as football and basketball, are often full. Many alumni also give great support to the campus sports, because people's feelings for their Alma mater are often pinned on one of the school's teams.

Universities exercise their power independently, flexibly and in accordance with the law in recruiting students. In order to avoid disorder in recruiting high-level athletes, all recruited athletes have strict regulations and special regulations. Schools attract elite athletes through a high-value scholarship system, and each recruit its own athletes to the NCAA at a given standard to attract better talent. Schools also offer free accommodation for elite athletes, free tuition, and some offer transportation. This is very attractive to the average college student. Of course, it is still a comprehensive consideration in the process of talent selection, and will not receive any preferential treatment for exceptional performance in sports, as long as it does not meet the minimum academic requirements of the NCAA. According to the regulations, even entry will be greatly affected in terms of pay, such as the inability to obtain scholarships, the inability to participate in the training of school teams but the failure to represent the school, and the training time is strictly controlled until the athletes can meet the minimum academic requirements. Lin, a famous Chinese player, chose Harvard University instead of Stanford university, which is better in basketball, because he did not get a scholarship when he was in college.

Some of the money for college teams comes from the government, such as scholarships for athletes from state universities and the day-to-day expenses of the teams. However, as the NCAA is no less popular than some professional leagues, some of the hottest items in the college teams still generate a lot of revenue for the schools, including ticket receipts for popular matches, the sale of team memorabilia and, of course, donations from all walks of life. In order to facilitate the audience through the production of web pages, sports fans can directly on the campus website to do these operations.

Because the NCAA has strict requirements for the eligibility of athletes and a series of mandatory violations. In order to ensure the qualification of elite athletes, the school must strictly manage and train the student athletes according to the NCAA standards. The integration of basic education, advanced education and competitive education ensures that the student athletes can play their advantages and talents in their favorite competitive sports field while accepting higher education. It avoids the school to let the student athlete strengthen the training for the sports achievement and relaxes the academic pursuit. The school's violations will be severely punished by the NCAA. In the same way, student athletes who fail to follow the rules must be punished by the school.

Raising an athlete in the United States comes at a relatively high cost to families at an early stage, as marketization moves money only to higher-level competitions that can generate profits. For beginners even need to hire their own coaches and participate in some of their peers at their own expense to improve the level.

Despite the high cost, there are still many people willing to take part in competitive sports. First of all, athletes are highly recognized in American society and professional athletes are very well paid. Secondly, there is a strong social sports atmosphere in the United States. Many people have cherished the dream of becoming a sports star since childhood, and most of them participate in sports because of interest. And the United States has an absolutely fair selection model that allows anyone to take to the top of the world's sport through tryouts. Finally is also very important, the United States has a complete physical education system, in the cultural education of high level athletes with advanced experience, main show is the combination of sports and education, make teenagers can accept cultural knowledge in the process of growth of education, can undertake according to their own interests and hobbies and sports training, even failed to have outstanding performance in sports can quickly integrate into social life.

To sum up, we can have a macro knowledge and understanding of the cultivation of excellent competitive talents in the United States. We found that the United States has very strict legal regulations on the management of athletes. This makes the development of competitive sports in the United States orderly, and any macro regulatory goals can be achieved through the rule of law.

The education level of athletes in the United States is commendable, and we should be very clear that the level of competition will be affected by education. Because people have limited energy and time, it's common sense to focus on one thing rather than two. This makes it easy for people to give up their studies in order to pursue the benefits of competition. This phenomenon is well controlled by the United States through its strict system and strong executive force, which prevents schools and sports teams from depriving athletes of their rights and opportunities to be subject to education because of the drive of interests, and enables most athletes to accept the basic culture education. This not only provides a fair competition platform for athletes, but also encourages more teenagers to take part in the sports they are interested in in their spare time, so that the teenagers with sports talent can fully explore their own sports talent and show their value in the sports field.

The practice of completely fair and just selection is another important embodiment of legalization. Although the strict implementation of selection system is not necessarily the most efficient method, it is indeed a method that is difficult to dispute. It cannot be denied that the United States has received very good results through the strict implementation of this system. Although some excellent athletes cannot participate in important competitions for special reasons, which will cause a certain degree of loss to the country and individuals, it also avoids more unnecessary troubles and costs. Under such a selection method, the United States sports in the world did not bring any adverse impact.

Highly skilled athletes have a high level of reward and social recognition. Professional league athletes typically have large labor contracts and other business income, and many are known for their high frequency of broadcasts and strong media coverage. Not only professional athletes can get rich treatment, but college athletes also have a scholarship system that is difficult for students to reach. Besides, excellent athletes can get extra rich scholarships every year besides being exempt from expensive tuition and miscellaneous fees and obtain medical insurance and other services. On campus, teams are often popular with students, and many elite athletes have become superstars on college campuses.

Strong executive ability is also an important factor for the United States to adopt the legal management method and implement it successfully. No individual or institution has the right to enjoy privileges. No matter it is a world famous university or an ordinary university, no matter it is a world famous university or an ordinary athlete, as long as he or she takes part in it, he or she must strictly abide by the laws and regulations. Once he or she violates the regulations, he or she will be treated equally and the punishment will be too high.

Although the current sports talent training mode in China has achieved a proud record, there are still many aspects that need to be improved and learned, and some successful experiences of the United States are worth our thinking and learning.

Most professional athletes in our country abandon their studies for the sake of rapid improvement in their athletic ability. As a result, it is difficult for some professional athletes to integrate into social life after retirement because they have no ability to work outside of sports. Moreover, Chinese athletes' cultural literacy has been criticized by the international community. This has a lot to do with the fact that our country does not have more standardized standards at the education level for athletes. Although the state has also spent enormous financial, human and material resources to equip professional sports teams with specialized cultural instructors, there are no clear regulations on the standards of cultural levels that athletes need to meet. This makes the athletes have no motivation and constraint to study in the culture course education after the hard training. This phenomenon not only exists in professional athletes, but also in some university competitions in China, because there is no perfect legal system and strong supervision, and there is also a lack of effective reward and punishment measures, leading schools to often choose to use professional athletes to participate in competitions in order to strive for better performance. This not only makes the fair competition platform become the appearance, but also causes the student athlete to lose the competition opportunity which belongs to them. Even the wrong guiding student athletes, for make the mistake in the sports arena to realize self value, or to become a professional athlete is at the expense of their studies and give up a lot of chance to receive education as the premise, and make the athletes themselves lost a lot of development opportunities and possibilities in life, have to bear greater pressure and risk, further aggravated the situation of excessive competition.

On the other hand, this wrong signal is likely to distort the motivation to participate in sports, making the true meaning of competitive sports for society forgotten, and combining sports with many other complicated interests. Individuals who want to develop in sports will face more difficult choices and bigger obstacles.

No matter from which point of view, the combination of sports and education in China but also from the system level, school level and athletes level such as in-depth thinking, can be in the pattern of other countries for reference, but because of the historical background of the development of sports in our country, the existing system, the existing situation and so on all have the particularity, so more to China's actual situation, continuously explore, out of a suitable for the situation of our country athletes to develop road.

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