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Education option in the United States

2018-11-19 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Education option in the United States,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国的教育选择权。教育选择权是当代欧美教育改革的潮流之一,又称为学校选择,指的是一项复杂的学生分派计划,其目的是使每一个家长和学生都有选择学校的自由与权利。这种权利,有别于传统上由政府强制将学生依其居住所在地分配至学区内的公立学校入学,并接受一致性教育内容的教育方式。

Education option,美国教育选择权,essay代写,作业代写,代写

Education option is one of the trends of education reform in Europe and America. Also known as "school choice," it refers to a complex student assignment program that aims to give every parent and student the freedom and right to choose a school. This right is different from the education approach that has traditionally been enforced by the government to assign students to public schools within the school district based on their place of residence and to receive consistent education content.

The idea of the education option in the United States originated in the 1950s. At that time, Milton Friedman, a famous American economist, criticized the poor quality of public schools in the United States. He believed that, through the competition principle of free market, the education voucher should be provided in the education system to give parents the right to choose schools freely for their children, so as to improve the quality of education in public schools. Friedman's view was taken seriously by American society, so the call to open up the option to education grew louder. Since the 1960s, education option reform has been implemented in the United States.

The implementation of education option in the United States mainly includes three aspects, that is, the establishment of new type of schools, the opening of multiple education selection and the formulation of relevant regulations and policies.

In order to expand the education option, the U.S. government set up many new types of schools. These new types of schools mainly include alternative school, magnet school and charter school.

Alternative school, also known as alternative school, was influenced by the education trend of thought and humanism in the 1960s and 1970s. Add to that the growing problem of "problem students" in American public schools. This has led to a variety of flexible, free alternative schools. American alternative schools, with their ability to provide students with personalized education, focus on student participation in decision-making, and have a supportive environment and higher teacher/student ratio, have been able to rapidly expand and become an important supplement to the public school system, making positive contributions to intervening students' problem behavior, preventing dropouts and improving academic achievements.

Magnet school is another type of public primary and secondary school choice in the United States. In terms of its literal meaning, it refers to a school that attracts students with special subject or school characteristics. The primary goal of magnet schools was to avoid segregation of minority students in public schools. Until now, the magnet school has provided courses with special expertise for students to choose, such as music, drama, computer, law, etc., to play the effect of attracting students with features. Magnet school has no restrictions on school district and school conditions. It is a school type that has special features and allows students to study across school districts. It gradually developed into another important type of school for expanding the option of public schools. However, magnet schools usually hold entrance tests and have higher administrative and operating costs.

A charter school is a private management of public school, which is a private school that is funded by the state through state legislation, specifically allowing private operations such as teachers, parents, education professional groups or other nonprofits. Though funded by education by the government, such schools are left to private management, and are not subject to the general education regulations except the scheduled education effect. They are specially licensed schools, so they are called "charter" schools. The first charter school in the United States was established in Minnesota in 1992. It is operated by a group of teachers, parents or interested parties based on common ideas and curriculum development. They are not limited by the traditional school hierarchy, so they are also called teacher-initiated school.

According to the U.S. department of education, more than 1,000 new charter schools were established in the United States between 2000 and 2004, an increase of 50 percent. Therefore, in order to meet the demand of people's education option, there is a trend to set up more new types of schools in the United States.

In addition to offering different types of schools for primary and secondary students, the United States has opened up school options, giving every child the right to choose a good education. The specific method is as follows:

The current U.S. obligation, education, allows American parents to choose more school options than the traditional mandatory allocation of local school districts. This includes school choice within the school district, school choice across the school district, and school choice in the form of education vouchers. In addition to freedom from school district control, parents can opt for a new form of school or private school, giving more options to American parents' education options.

In addition to being exempt from school district restrictions, American parents have the option to have their children receive education at home. Education at home is a education method that parents choose not to let their children receive education in school, while parents teach children according to their needs. It is different from the public private way, is a non-school education type of education choice. Education at home is deeply influenced by the book De- blaxsociety, published by the American radical education sociologist illich.

American parents choose to let their children receive education at home, mainly because they are dissatisfied with the quality of education, worried about school violence, values, religious beliefs and other reasons. In the 1970s, education was listed as a counterculture alongside hippie, antiwar, student movement, conservation and women's liberation. However, due to legal issues, many parents who choose to have their children education at home are in jail. In the late 1970s, the number of cases of education in the UK and the us soared. Since 1993, home-based education has gained legal status in all 50 states. However, different states have different qualifications for parents and teachers, and different assessment standards. Currently, 37 U.S. states have home-based education review standards, with half requiring once-a-year testing and the rest testing on specific subjects over time. The number of education students in the United States was 850,000 in 1999, up from 1.1 million in 2003, according to a 2004 estimate by the education statistical center.

In order to guarantee parents' education option, the us government has also formulated relevant regulations and policies to guarantee the realization of parents' education option from the system. These regulations mainly include:

In 1965, Magnet School was established according to the education act of American primary and secondary schools. In addition, the U.S. department of education has developed a "magnet school initiative."

In 1988, the President of the United States proposed the school choice program and the education voucher program. In the education voucher program, low-income children were offered education grants of $1,000 each, allowing them to choose between public, private and church-run schools.

In 1991, Minnesota became the first state to pass charter School Law, and California passed it in 1992.

In his 1998 state of the union address to congress, President Bill Clinton emphasized the development of public school choice and supported the establishment of charter schools.

In 2002, US President George w. bush issued the no child left behind act, promising to continue reforms of the "parents' education option".

The development and implementation of these education option act have increased education choices for American parents and children, and ensured the realization of education choice for American parents.

Based on the concept of fairness and justice and principles of the free market economy, the U.S. government through education legislation, establishing the new type of school, open multiple education selection strategy, incentive competition in education, give and expand to the parents' education option, give students more diversified and personalized education, promote the fair education opportunities, improving the quality of the education of American schools, improved the effectiveness of the compulsory education for elementary and secondary schools.

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