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Attlee government

2018-11-19 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Attlee government,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了艾德礼政府。克莱门特·艾德礼和他所领导的英国工党虽然自称社会主义政党,但在政策与信仰上与苏联、东方模式以及社会主义的指导思想马克思主义大相径庭,甚至背道而驰,历来颇受争议,他对待帝国殖民主义的态度更是亦正亦邪、扑朔迷离。西方学者多数认为艾德礼政府放弃了传统的帝国殖民主义思想并且主动退出了殖民地,而原英国殖民地国家的学者对此种看法则恰好相反。

Attlee government,艾德礼政府,essay代写,作业代写,代写

Clement attlee and although he led by Britain's Labour party claims to the socialist party, but on the policy and beliefs with the Soviet union, east mode and the guiding ideology of marxist socialism, even opposite, has always been controversial, his attitude towards the imperial colonialism but also is also evil, uncertain. Most mainstream western scholars believe that the government of attlee abandoned the traditional imperial colonialism and voluntarily withdrew from the colonies. In order to better touch the truth of history, this paper tries to make a simple discussion.

The difference between the attlee government and Churchill's conservative government was that it stated that the aim of the government would be to create a welfare state with socialism as its platform, with the interests of the masses as its centre. Attlee's thoughts are mainly embodied in his two books, the outlook of the labor party and the will and road towards socialism. In both of these books, attlee always used vivid and beautiful language to show his attitude to imperial colonialism so enlightened and beautiful, he used the simplest language to show his labor party's rejection of traditional British imperial colonialism. "The Labour party is certainly anti-imperialist, whether it is old-fashioned or new," he says. "Imperialism is certainly anathema to Labour. Labour does not advocate one nation exploiting another, just as it does not advocate the exploitation of man by man." "The intention of the Labour party is to throw away completely the notion of a colonial empire that is the exclusive sphere of exploitation of the English capitalists," he says, in a few words, but in a clear demonstration of his rejection of traditional British imperial colonialism. He also dissects the history of British aggression in good faith and reflects on himself: "imperialism is seen as an expansion into the wider region of capitalism that is bound to be resisted at home. Socialists have fully and to expose the exploitation of black, red and yellow national business, and this kind of exploitation was Joseph ? chamberlain and empire, the concept of color people so good." "The history of colonial expansion is a horrific record of the abuse and exploitation of backward peoples by advanced nations. Britain must be fully condemned. "" the 'white burden' and the theory that the British have a civilized mission are only an excuse to cover up the predatory nature of imperialism" ". These words seem so have regrets savvy, attlee envisioned is under the leadership of the British Labour party if he doesn't know about power, Britain would be off the invaders habits of terror, to seek benefits for the colonists, which seems to indicate that the UK will completely change the nature of the invaders, stay in the colonies, only to spread civilization and seek benefits for colonies. The British could not bear to see the colonies slip back into backwardness and chaos after their retreat, so the British had to stay in the colonies and wait for the consciousness of the colonists to reach a level of self-government, so they withdrew from the colonies with great success. Attlee's British labor party is described so great! "If Labour were to return to power, it would seek to lead the world towards peace, disarmament and prosperity, thereby gaining the glory of Britain's greatest contribution to the world The Labour party does not accept the assumption that there should be a privileged state in the country, and some countries have the right to dictate to others, "so it looks as if the British Labour party is a party that rejects imperial colonialism entirely.

The tradition of socialism and the workers' movement has always been against imperial colonialism. Famous British historian PAM ? dodd in his book "crisis of the United Kingdom and the British empire", and lists the socialist period and the declaration on colony of the working class, as we described in detail against the empire, the British working class and socialists colonial history, material enrichment, argument is sufficient, is credible. As such, it is not unusual for the adly Labour party, as a party of the British working class, to inherit this tradition of opposing imperial colonialism. In fact, until 1945, the British labor party had been making unremitting efforts to fight against imperialist colonialism. Early Labour since don't have to be elaborate, until 1925 staff meeting in the kappa ROM still by 3.082 million votes to 79000 votes in the conference adopted a resolution, including the terms of the imperialism: congress declare it totally against imperialism, and decide: 1. The support of the British empire across all the workers organize trade unions and political parties, to promote their interests; 2. Support for the right to self-determination of all peoples within the British empire, including the right to complete voluntary secession from the empire. Even as we assume that the Labour government of attlee has lost the psychology of imperial colonialism, some of the words that have been carefully examined by attlee suggest something else. "The continued survival of the British empire depends only on the goodwill of the rest of the world and on cooperation with other nations in developing the world's resources in the interest of all mankind," said attlee. What kind of empire does the British empire refer to, and why should it survive against imperial colonialism? "The conservative party's imperialist policy is far from being able to sustain the British empire and the union because it is losing the former and dividing the latter. It is one of the political oddities that the conservative party wants to pose as a special protagonist in defence of the empire. The conservatives and Ireland are estranged and could lose South Africa or even India if it does not give up power in a pinch. The conservative party's imperialist policy has been criticized by the labor party. Why do they think that the conservative party's imperialist policy simply cannot maintain the British empire and the commonwealth? Mr Attlee is pained by the tories' policies, and by the fact that the British empire will lose South Africa and even India, he is desperate not to help. "There are people in vast areas who are not ready for self-government, and in these territories, the Labour party believes that the British government must act as a custodian to those indigenous peoples. In order to fully and effectively implement the principle of trusteeship, the British government should accept the principle of appointed rule on behalf of all the British colonies. "The past cannot be written off. It is neither timely nor practical to give up all unjust rights which we have earned. This sentence more demonstrated that attlee is both a review of history, but not willing to give up the mentality of vested interests. "Imperialism is seen as an expansion into the wider region of capitalism that is bound to be resisted at home. Socialists have fully and to expose the exploitation of black, red and yellow national business, and this kind of exploitation was Joseph ? chamberlain and empire, the concept of color people so good. However, the earlier brutish imperialism, largely due to the pressure of public opinion resulting from the efforts of radicals, socialists and humanists, has changed, and it has been recognized that the relations between advanced and backward peoples have raised difficult problems." These self-critical voices did not fall, and attlee instantly thought of the interests of the British empire, transforming so quickly that it was unconvincing. It is hard to understand that attlee, who considered the history of British aggression barbaric, spoke of British colonial rule and the various charitable and religious groups that enabled her to gradually become politically enlightened. In such a euphemistic and difficult situation, the real imperial colonialism thought of the attlee government became mysterious.

In China, Confucianism advocates "listening to what is said and observing what is done." It is the wisdom of the ancients that can help us see through the fog. On July 5, 1949, within 48 hours of his renunciation of imperial colonialism, he proposed a new supplementary budget of 21 million pounds, to the already overwhelmed British budget. The additional estimates included items: 6 million pounds in malaya; 11.25 million pounds from myanmar; 1.5m pounds from cyrenaica, tripoli, somaliland and eritrea; 600, 000 pounds in Borneo; Half a million pounds from Jordan; 245,000 pounds in the Middle East; Greece 145,000; Total: 20.24 million pounds.

As can be seen from the above figures, these figures are intended to supply the military expenditure of the British empire. It can be said that attlee's "words" and "actions" are seriously inconsistent.

On the issue of colonial treatment, the labor government on the one hand united with the United States against the Soviet union, on the other hand continues to implement the conservative party's imperial colonialism policy. In 1948, "every day herald" Francis ? Williams published a book entitled "triple challenge", as the attlee Labour government ACTS of imperial colonialism name, three challenges include: for the conservative economic policies. On Tory foreign policy. Colonization of the conservative party. Alas, even the British themselves cannot admit that Mr Attlee's Labour government has changed the imperialist stance. "the last two points are boring anyway", says the conservative daily telegraph, in its review of the book, though the competing parties tell the truth. The irony of the fact that the conservative party has been an imperialist stalwart, and that the policies of the adly Labour government have been inherited. In addition, even though the labor government said that it wanted to spread labor's socialism to colonies and give up imperialism, it adopted a new imperialist approach in its actions. Because of the continuous resistance of the colonial people, Britain had to make some colonies independent, but still did not give up its economic and military control over them. His foreign minister, attlee's most trusted ally, and the government's mouthpiece, bevin, always flatly described the maintenance of colonial exploitation as being in the economic interests of the working class of the British empire, but it was his words that exposed the nature of the British empire's colonialism. "We do not intend to sacrifice the British empire, because we know that if it falls Our voters will have a much lower standard of living. On 16 May 1947, in parliament, bevan spoke again of the British empire's interests in the Middle East: "your majesty's government must continue to be concerned about this government... only for our economic and financial interests in the Middle East are of great importance to us If we lose these benefits, the impact on our own lives will be a dramatic drop in living standards Britain's interests in the Middle East have contributed greatly not only to the interests of the people of that region, but also to the pockets of our own workers.

In fact, the specific treatment of the colonies was carried out according to bevin's theory. In myanmar, the United Kingdom recognized the independence of myanmar, but also stipulated: "the government of myanmar must guarantee that the enterprise will not be nationalized without further payment to business owners, and myanmar remains in the sterling area and the imperial preferential benefit system... The United Kingdom may send military delegations to Burma, may supply the Burmese army with its own armaments, may send British officers to train the Burmese army, and shall not invite military delegations from any country other than the British empire to Burma." This preserved Britain's economic and military positions in Burma. In March 1949, attlee gave a speech in which he said, "Burma has decided to secede from the union. We felt sorry, but we accepted the decision. So let Burma become independent, which is what the government of attlee had to do. The same is true in Sri Lanka. In Malaysia and Vietnam, the British government directly adopted the means of repression and implemented the terror system. Between 1950 and 1951, 120,000 regulars were sent to Malaysia. The Labour government set up a "colony development corporation" in 1948, with a grant of 120 million pounds for its use. In May 1948 Britain provoked another Palestinian war, refusing to withdraw its troops from Egypt and the Suez Canal, despite Egypt's demands. This series of facts fully shows that the labor government led by attlee did not abandon the policy of imperial colonialism, but followed it down, even more. "Fundamentally, the attitude of the Labour party towards the British policy of colonial empire is not very different from that of other bourgeois parties in Britain, because the working class actually shares the monopoly power in the colonial and world markets with the bourgeoisie". During the years of the attlee government, during the depression of the British economy, in order to cope with the increasingly serious economic deficit and social situation, it is reasonable to step up the looting of colonies on the basis of more and more openly. As attlee put it, "the continued survival of the British empire depends only on the goodwill of the rest of the world and on the cooperation of other nations in developing the world's resources in accordance with the interests of all mankind." This is nothing more than a whitewash of exploitation and the plunder of colonial countries.

To sum up, the British labor government showed the courage to liquidate the empire on the issue of imperial colonies in the early post-war period. In his policy platform "the prospect of the labor party" and "the will and road to socialism", attlee demonstrated his opposition to imperialism, liberation of colonies, and pursuit of development and peace for the people of Britain and the world in beautiful language, but there were some words hidden behind it. It is not difficult to find from the observation of the "words" and "actions" of the edley Labour government that the British labor party under attlee still inherited the consistent ideology of imperialism and is a new kind of Labour imperialism.

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