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北美作业代写:Chinese and western furniture design styles are different

2018-05-31 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Chinese and western furniture design styles are different,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了中西方家具设计风格差异。中西方文化具有很大差异,不同的宗教背景、思维方式、地域背景及民族特点造就了中西方家具的差异。总的来说,中式家具比较注重家具体现的别致意境,因此多选用线条进行家具造型的勾勒。西式家具则多选用面来进行造型构建,对于家具的写实性与真实性较为关注,突出其立体感。中西方家具的艺术区别体现的是中西方对于自然与人之间关系的不同以及审美观的差异,具体在家具的整体造型、装饰设计、色彩应用等方面都具有一定的差异性。

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Based on the inherent differences between Chinese and western cultures, Chinese culture is more inclined to land culture, while "western" culture focuses on ocean culture. Because of the difference of Chinese and western geographical environment make the different cultural differences between Chinese and western, in the process of cultural development, the Chinese culture has a strong occlusive and conservative, but is easy to implement cultural heritage. Western culture is more open, with the characteristics of being good at change, exchange and positive. Different cultural forms have gradually formed different aesthetic concepts and artistic concepts, and these are reflected in furniture concepts and art design.

Formed the background of religious art difference: more than two thousand years of feudal rule, China influenced by Confucian "benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, letter" and the influence of Taoist culture, overall carrying unity between human and nature, material and the unity of heart, and the unity of nature and philosophy. Chinese style furniture at different times contributed to the modelling of different characteristics, its aesthetic principles more emphasis on symmetry, coordination and unity of aesthetics, such as Taoism of taiji diagram, clouds, dragons, fish, etc. In addition, the reasons for the similarities and differences between Chinese and western furniture also include the influence of buddhist culture. For example, the Buddhism culture in the tang dynasty was particularly successful, and the furniture with obvious buddhist cultural elements appeared in this period. At the same time, in the famous tang dynasty murals, buddhist elements such as lotus flowers, seven treasures and eight treasures often appear, making the murals colorful and magnificent. Both furniture design art and Chinese traditional painting art are deeply influenced by religious culture.

Most western countries believe in animals and gods as the symbol of their race and country. Such as ancient Egypt many furniture leg with god beast forms, such as lion foot shape, shows its strength, the symbol of courage and confidence of mankind conquer nature, reflect the user's power and position. Its decoration is also influenced by religious culture, and the decoration comes from the bible and the symbol of its national culture. Such as eyes, sun, buttercup tiaos and other decorative patterns.

Chinese classic Ming dynasty furniture modelling USES straight line more, its style is contracted, thick, atmosphere, solemn. Different from western furniture to make beautiful, the design concept that carve ACTS the role of luxury, furniture of Ming dynasty did not have too much carve to act the role of adornment, with concise win numerous, have the effect that make the finishing point. On furniture adornment, the traditional pattern such as cloud grain, sea water, animal, plant is used more. Plant, animal and other patterns are expressed as a form symbol, and these symbols become part of furniture decoration. In addition, the curvy beauty of Chinese style furniture on structural modelling also has corresponding reflect, if collect back taishi chair, its back USES "inflected son dragon grain" grain to act the role of grain.

Western furniture on the aesthetic design also attach importance to the application of line, but the line is mainly in order to build in furniture art form "face", this concept of art made of western furniture modelling based on "face", focus on the structure shows the relationship between the local surface and the overall. Western countries are more inclined to curve "S" shape, process structure, sculpture style all pursue dynamic posture beauty, decoration is more luxurious and exaggerated, use gold-plated, sculpture, Mosaic and other techniques. Decorative patterns on flowers, vines, seaweed, animals, shells, wings, angels and other patterns.

The Yellow River basin, the earliest birthplace of central plains culture, is designed to incorporate local climate conditions, topography, working methods and local customs. Zhouyi requires conformability. Want to conform to natural law already, want to accord with human nature again, furniture wants moderate to have degree, cannot exceed the etiquette rank order of the Confucian eldest child respect inferior. According to the change of people's living habits, the form development of Chinese furniture has gone from nothing to something, from low to high, from simple to complex, from primitive simplicity to exquisite carving. From the era can be divided into several periods: the shang and zhou dynasties, the spring and autumn period and the warring states period, the qin and han dynasties sit on the floor of the formless furniture; Three kingdoms, two jin, sui and tang dynasty chair legs of the development of the embryonic furniture; Furniture in the song and yuan dynasties; Furniture during the peak period of the Ming and qing dynasties.

The development of western culture and art is mainly reflected in the two river basins. Area of Assyria and the furniture of the ancient times because of the special geographical environment of wooden furniture can't completely preserved, retained in the world of furniture is too little, we can only from its architectural art and other artistic look into the characteristics of its furniture culture and art. Such as murals, reliefs, bronze statues, circular seals, etc. The assyrians paid more attention to power, which was mainly reflected in two aspects: first, the height of the seat was high, and the foot was placed on the lower part to symbolize the supreme status of the king, and to highlight the distinction between princes and officials. Second, gorgeous Mosaic art to reflect the luxury of the ruler. In contrast, the new babylonian period furniture has its own artistic characteristics, but it is also deeply influenced by the Assyrian furniture culture. Such as pillar relief, carved hollow decorative patterns and simple heavy wooden legs.

Characteristics of furniture of han nationality: seen from the overall shape of furniture, it is mainly linear, the overall style is simple and general, giving people a sense of atmosphere and solemnity. On the pattern of furniture adornment, use Chinese traditional element commonly, "cloud grain, sea water, dragon and phoenix grain, lion wait for auspicious pattern. Such as the auspicious cloud pattern, represents the auspicious good luck meaning. From the perspective of the overall appearance color of furniture, Chinese style is classic furniture is much use same kind of color, the more serious tone, stress is classical, simple, elegant and delicate, color choice are mainly red, black, yellow, gray, 4, the grain that lumber itself to better show and skin texture, show people is the philosophy of "nature and humanity".

Throughout the history, the modern European nation also has a heavy color in the history of furniture. New classic furniture, for example, its artistic style classic French neoclassical furniture and fashion, with linear structure, the legs are square or cylindrical, top-down gradually contraction become fine and slot decoration, decoration is given priority to with two sub-companies named seaport carving, gold plated, metal Mosaic, etc. Adornment theme for classical patterns, such as: the black feather, embossing, knot for the ancient Greek, creeping weed grain appearance, Roman column, the architecture of a shield, oak leaves, etc., whole appears, witty, graceful and dainty. The treatment of furniture horizontal line and perpendicular line is the key point on French furniture structure, give priority to with straight line more, seldom use curve, stress the power of function and structure. By the time of napoleon, imperial furniture was in vogue. The legs of furniture were in the shape of animal legs, such as the legs of lions, which showed their strength and authority.

During the same period, the west also each has its different characteristics, different countries in the 1760 s, Britain's new classic furniture leg into a thin, pointed, cross section into a square or circular, top-down became smaller, the leg with a trapezoidal or horseshoe-shaped feet, round legs are matched with wooden feet. Chinese and western furniture design style different from the religious background, art and culture, geographical background, analyses the design style of ethnic characteristics, applied to the modelling of Chinese and western furniture, decoration and color on the inquiry. This difference analysis provides a certain reference basis for the future furniture design. Based on the differences between Chinese and western furniture culture, conducts furniture design in the future we should integrated Chinese and western furniture art form difference, foster strengths and circumvent weaknesses, selectively absorb and try to take advantage of the excellent design resources, make Chinese and western classical 5 ~ 406 in furniture design.

Art reflect the difference between Chinese and western classical furniture is the difference between the Chinese and western for the relationship between nature and people as well as the aesthetic differences, the concrete in the overall modelling, decoration of furniture design, color application has certain difference, the difference of analysis for furniture design provides a certain reference for the future. From this, we can get:

In furniture modelling design respect: Chinese style furniture pays more attention to the chic artistic conception that furniture reflects, because this chooses line to undertake furniture modelling to outline more. Western style furniture chooses face to undertake modelling construction more, more attention is paid to the realism and authenticity of furniture, highlight its stereo feeling. The treatment that combines Chinese and western furniture to the foot sees, Chinese style furniture USES tall and neat and uniform foot design more. The foot design that western-style furniture chooses to compare short but modelling is rich, a lot of choose the foot of mimicry animal undertakes adorning. Chinese style furniture pays more attention to symmetrical, and western style furniture besides symmetrical, still have the modelling that asymmetry balances.

The development of Chinese furniture in his at the same time, are also constantly absorbing the western elements, such as western-style design, draw lessons from western furniture style and western-style furniture design concept, make furniture innovation in China. For example, in the qing dynasty, furniture borrowed some western elements to make up for the deficiency of its connotation, so that furniture as a whole reflects the characteristics of "middle school is the body, western learning is the use". In modelling go up, the modelling of a lot of furniture component originates western classic building, for example a few furniture is decorated in the top to have the component that takes carve to act the role of, look similar hat. It is a perfect example of inheriting and integrating excellent elements of Chinese and western furniture.

Look from furniture adornment, Chinese and western classicism furniture also can choose sculpture as adornment means on adornment, but specific sculpture style and material choice respect have very big difference. Chinese style furniture carves the artistic conception that pays attention to propitious and satisfied more, because this chooses to compare abstract sex sculpture art to show a means. Western classical furniture is more choice and close to nature of plants and animals as a tool of carving performance, to try to show the religious significance for the purpose, and that more mixed with life, art and eternal the lasting appeal. The adornment that combines Chinese and western classic furniture chooses a respect, western furniture chooses copper to decorate a thing more. And western-style furniture choose decorative objects are more diverse, in addition to copper objects similar to that of the western-style furniture choice gem as a means of decoration, involves a lot of adornment method is very complicated.

Between Chinese and western culture fusion of furniture design, absorbs the essence of each stage in the history of furniture design, on the basis of absorbing characteristics in different periods and adornment modelling is a combination of contemporary aesthetic idea, to deal with decorations and patterns, on the basis of combining modern aesthetic idea do not lose the beauty of classical. Such as red sandalwood inlaid in the qing dynasty boxwood, image interpretation "of traditional Chinese values aided with modern western management and technology, can be seen in the figure tooth plate relief by western grass and Chinese traditional kui, elegant interweave the passion fruit with that of the Chinese dragon and gentle is thick and rich and flowery effect.

In color use respect, Chinese and western furniture also has more apparent distinction. Chinese style furniture is idiomatic black, brown, yellow, red wait for color, emphasize calm color, tonal choice is more onefold, reflect on Chinese style furniture tonal and tonal go up more elegant and simple. Western-style furniture in addition to the use of traditional color, white, red, gold, and blue are used frequently, it is open in the choice of color, bright color and diverse, full of relatively strong color contrast, and the selection of bright furniture decoration items, overall and tonal with furniture to extreme strong visual contrast, bring a person with intense visual impact.

With the continuous progress of science and technology, the materials of furniture are various. In contemporary household, people begin to pursue personalized household product gradually, the use of furniture color also tends to diversification. In the modern furniture design, not just use a plain color, and began to draw lessons from western rich, bright coloring concept, such as in a typical blue and white for fundamental key of furniture of the Mediterranean amorous feelings, the less traditional furniture, a concise and easy, romantic, more bright, bold natural color is applied.

The design of Chinese and western furniture has a long history, and it is the main development direction to absorb and inherit as much as possible in the future furniture design. China has a long history and profound cultural heritage. We must carry on the national culture unswervingly. In addition, we should keep pace with The Times, develop innovative thinking, and combine Chinese furniture culture with western excellent design concepts. Adhering to the idea of orientating eastern literature as the leading and absorbing essence of western culture will bring new vitality and vitality to Chinese furniture industry.

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