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美国作业代写:Green Low-carbon Development Model

2018-02-06 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文- Green Low-carbon Development Model,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了绿色低碳发展模式。如今,空气的PM2.5构成中,源于煤炭和石油燃烧的粒子占了一大半,而二氧化碳排放中,煤炭和石油的燃烧排放也占了一大半,这说明绿色和低碳有很强的协同性,工作方向上有高度的一致性。所以我们应该调整政策目标,以新的生活方式提高能效,引入绿色交通,实现更健康的本土农产品消费、更可持续的城市化,建设生态社区和生态城市,构建绿色低碳发展模式。

Green Low-carbon,绿色低碳发展模式,essay代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

The impact of global climate change on China is also negligible. The rise of sea level caused by the greenhouse effect has intensified the typhoon, storm surge and flood disaster, which resulted in the expansion of saline water and coastal erosion in some areas, as well as the reduction of wetlands and the serious harm to the low-lying fragile areas such as the Gulf and Estuarine Delta. China's rapid economic development since reform and opening-up The urban expansion causes the air pollution to be manifested as the emission film, in addition, the pollution of acid rain is one of the important regional atmospheric environmental problems, which has become the third largest acid rain region after Europe and North America, and the frozen soil layer plays a decisive role in the evolution of the ecological environment of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Human engineering activities can induce drastic changes in the ecological environment of frozen soil, and thus have a far-reaching impact on the stability of the ecosystem; at the Himalaya border, the shrinking of the water supply has led to a looming threat to international conflict over the next few decades. According to the 2015 BP World Energy Statistics Yearbook, Global energy consumption grew by only 0.9% in 2014, the lowest growth rate since the end of 90, except during the Asian financial crisis. With the restructuring of China's economy, the shift in the focus of economic growth from energy-intensive sectors has led to a fall in energy demand growth to its lowest level since 1998. Still, on a global scale, China remains the fastest-growing country in terms of energy demand, leading the world for 14 consecutive years. One of the main factors affecting the CO2 emissions is the energy consumption structure, in the face of the serious consequences of climate change, China should be fully prepared to adapt to all countries to participate in emission reduction, major developing countries to assume a greater responsibility for reducing emissions of new trends.

As one of the developing countries, China is also actively working to deal with the impacts of climate change. May 2014, the State Council issued the "2014-2015 years of energy-saving emission reduction Low-carbon Development Action Plan", adhere to the "iron gauge" and "strong hand" to promote energy-saving emission reduction carbon, highlighting the Chinese government's determination and confidence in tackling climate change. The September 2014 National Development and Reform Commission Press office issued the National Climate Change planning notice, planning for the 2020 to address the main objectives of climate change work. In June 2015, China submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, "Strengthening the response to climate change-China's national independent contribution." The document identified China's autonomous action target for the 2030, that is, carbon dioxide emissions to peak at about 2030 years and strive to peak as soon as possible; GDP carbon dioxide emissions fell by 60% to 65% in 2005, and non fossil energy accounted for about 20% of energy consumption, and forest stock ratio 2005 increased by about 4.5 billion cubic meters. In order to cope with the severe situation of climate change and to further promote the implementation of the target tasks assigned by all levels of government, our country will, in the Thirteen-Five period, take the aim of ensuring the implementation of the 2020-year control of greenhouse gas emissions, and integrate mitigation and adaptation requirements into all aspects of economic and social development Accelerate the construction of a green Low-carbon development model with Chinese characteristics.

The comprehensive implementation of the "Air Pollution Prevention Action Plan", in strict control of coal consumption, strengthen the clean use of coal, improve coal concentration and efficient generation ratio, and vigorously develop the non-fossil energy. Expand the scale of natural gas utilization, speeding up the exploration and development of petroleum and natural gas resources, promoting the investigation and evaluation of unconventional hydrocarbon resources such as shale gas and exploitation and utilization, actively promoting hydropower development, scientifically planning and constructing pumped storage power stations, developing nuclear power safely and efficiently, upgrading the safety level of nuclear power plants, and steadily advancing the construction of nuclear power , speed up the construction of "Norths" and the coastal area of the eight Chivan Chiva-level wind power base, local conditions to build small and medium-sized wind power and offshore wind power projects, strengthen all types of grid-connected projects, accelerate the development of solar power generation, a distributed solar photovoltaic-oriented new energy city and micro-network model Accelerate the implementation of photovoltaic building integrated Application project, actively develop biomass energy, give priority to the construction of biomass cogeneration projects, accelerate the development of biogas power generation, promote municipal waste incineration and landfill gas generation, promote other renewable energy utilization, such as geothermal energy and marine energy development and utilization level.

To promote industrial low-carbon development, the implementation of the industrial sector response to climate change action programme, the development of key industries, carbon emission control targets and action plans to study the development of key industries greenhouse gas emissions standards. In the adjustment of industrial structure, adhere to the road of new industrialization, accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity, inhibit the high carbon industry too fast growth, optimize the industrial structure, the use of High-tech and advanced application technology to upgrade the traditional manufacturing, to support enterprises to improve energy-saving environmental performance, to build green Low-carbon brand; Vigorously develop the service industry, and strive to reduce the impact of production activities on climate change. Through energy-saving and energy-efficient, strengthen the focus areas to conserve power, effective control of electricity, steel, non-ferrous metals, building materials, chemicals and other key industries emissions, strengthen the new project carbon emission management, and actively control the industrial production process of greenhouse gas emissions. Construction of circular industrial system to promote the recycling of Industry Park transformation. Increase the recycling of renewable resources and improve the productivity of resources. To build a circular agricultural system, promote the development of low carbon in agriculture, promote the comprehensive utilization of straw, the utilization of agricultural and forestry wastes and the comprehensive use of livestock and poultry manure, control methane and farmland nitrous oxide emissions in paddy fields, and try to achieve zero growth of chemical fertilizers. To promote low-carbon development of the service industry, and actively develop Low-carbon business, Low-carbon Tourism, Low-carbon catering, and vigorously promote the service industry energy-saving carbon reduction.

To strengthen the urban Low-carbon development Plan, adhere to the new urbanization road, optimize the city group and functional layout, improve the population density and infrastructure use efficiency, reduce the urban long-distance traffic demand. Strengthen the construction of low carbonization in the city, increase the energy supply facilities such as coal, gas, electricity, heat and so on, which are characterized by energy saving and low carbon, and reconstruct the urban infrastructure such as water and sewerage, domestic sewage and rubbish disposal, and build energy-saving and Low-carbon urban infrastructure. To study and formulate laws and regulations on the management of the use of buildings, to establish a life cycle management system for construction, to strictly demolish management, to promote the recycling of construction waste resources and to strengthen the collection and utilization of methane in landfills. Appropriate development of timber structures to promote the roof and wall greening. Improve the building energy efficiency level and construction quality, prolong the service life of the building. Strengthen the city lighting management, implement the special action of the city Green illumination, create the green illumination Demonstration city, promote the heating metering reform, implement the heating metering charge and the energy consumption quota management, carry out "energy-saving greenhouse" project. To accelerate the construction of Low-carbon communities in urban and rural areas, the concept of low-carbon development through the whole process of urban planning, construction and management, improve the community supporting Low-carbon living facilities, explore the community low carbonization operation and management mode.

Rational allocation of urban traffic resources, optimize the mode of transport, and gradually establish a large city motor vehicle ownership control mechanism. Priority should be given to the development of public transport, the improvement of urban pedestrian and bicycle transportation systems, and the development of Low-carbon environmental transport tools such as new energy travel. Speed up the construction of bus lanes, bus stations and other facilities and public bicycle service system. Actively promote natural gas power cars, pure electric vehicles and other new energy vehicles. Accelerate the construction of intelligent transportation, the implementation of Green Low-carbon transport system, advocating green travel.

We will vigorously carry out afforestation and greening, implement the Special Action plan for Climate Change forestry, carry out forest ecological key projects such as natural forest protection, returning farmland to forest and grassland, speeding up barren hills afforestation, controlling sandstorm source of Beijing and Tianjin, protection forest construction, and rocky desertification treatment. We should carry out the activities of national compulsory tree planting, promote the "green side" and urban landscaping. We should increase forest disaster prevention and control, strengthen forest resources protection, reduce deforestation emissions, strengthen forest tending management and increase forest carbon sinks. Increase wetland, farmland, grassland carbon sinks. Strengthen wetland protection and restoration, carry out carbon sequestration experiment in coastal wetland, and improve the carbon storage function of wetland. Strengthen farmland conservation and grassland protection construction, raise soil organic carbon reserves, increase agricultural soil carbon sinks. To establish the long-term mechanism of ecological compensation for grassland, control grassland capacity, restrain grassland degeneration, carry out grazing and pasture, restore grassland vegetation, improve grassland coverage, strengthen grassland disaster prevention and control, farmland conservation, enhance soil carbon storage capacity.

Carry out the special action of Low-carbon life, advocate Green Low-carbon, healthy civilized life style and consumption pattern, strengthen low carbon life and low carbon consumption education for all, promote the whole society to form low-carbon consumption idea. Carry out "low-carbon food action", promote the right amount of food and beverage, business reception contracted, curb food waste. Improve the waste goods recovery system and garbage classification treatment system. Encourage consumers to reduce unnecessary clothing consumption, speed up the use of clothing. Restrain unreasonable consumption, limit the excessive packaging of goods and reduce the use of disposable articles. Promote Low-carbon travel, encourage the public to use public transport mode, support the purchase of small cars, energy-efficient vehicles and new energy vehicles. Actively advocating the "135" green way to travel, advocating "less weekly car", "Low-carbon travel" and other activities to encourage common traffic and low-carbon tourism. Public institutions at all levels of State organs, institutions and organizations should take the lead in practicing thrift and low carbon consumption concept, play the role of public institutions in taking the lead in examples, and develop energy-saving low-carbon institutions, campuses, hospitals, venues, military barracks and other activities. Encourage the use of energy-saving Low-carbon products, accelerate the construction of efficient and fast Low-carbon product Logistics system, broaden the sales channels of Low-carbon products, set up Low-carbon products Sales zone and low carbon products supermarket, the establishment of energy-saving, Low-carbon product information Publishing and inquiry platform.

On the basis of the experiment of carbon emissions trading, the decisive role of market in resource allocation is fully exerted, to deepen the pilot project of Low-carbon cities, low carbon city, low carbon city, Low-carbon community, Low-carbon Commercial, Low-carbon traffic, explore the characteristics of Low-carbon development model, and steadily promote the national carbon emissions Trading system construction, Gradually establish the national carbon emissions trading market. To promote the formation of a reasonable space layout, intensive use of resources, production of low-carbon and efficient, living a green livable Low-carbon city. Research and establish carbon emission report verification certification system, improve carbon emissions trading rules, establish a carbon emission certification system and low carbon honor system, select Typical products for Green Low-carbon product certification pilot and promotion.

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