代写范文

留学资讯

写作技巧

论文代写专题

服务承诺

资金托管
原创保证
实力保障
24小时客服
使命必达

51Due提供Essay,Paper,Report,Assignment等学科作业的代写与辅导,同时涵盖Personal Statement,转学申请等留学文书代写。

51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标

私人订制你的未来职场 世界名企,高端行业岗位等 在新的起点上实现更高水平的发展

积累工作经验
多元化文化交流
专业实操技能
建立人际资源圈

手把手教大家写essay

2018-10-12 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 写作技巧

相比于当地的大学生而言,中国留学生在英文写作上会有一点劣势,因为我们的母语并非英语,起点会比别人晚,所以我们就得比别人更加努力。而essay作为国外大学最常见的作业形式,一定要尽量学会。下面就手把手教大家一些写作essay的技巧。

essay写作技巧,essay写作,assignment代写,代写,美国作业代写

避免华而不实

1. Use substantive motivations, not aesthetic ones. By an aesthetic motivation, I mean that the author is appealing to the reader's sense that a certain kind of theory or approach should be preferred regardless of its explanatory power (e.g., we should be avoiding “economistic” or “functionalist” or “reductionist” explanations). Sometimes aesthetic motivations work (for getting a paper accepted), but the contribution tends to be hollow because the end of research (figuring out how the world works) is sacrificed for the means (telling each other how much we like certain ideas). Another way of putting this is that we should not like a paper simply because it proudly displays the colors of our tribe.

解析:绣花枕头烂草包是不行滴。不能因为某个理论更漂亮就抛开实际价值采用之、鼓吹之,即便我们喜欢漂亮的东西。

先因后果

2. Always frame around the dependent variable. The dependent variable is a question and the independent variables are answers to a question. So it makes no sense to start with an answer. Rather, start with a question/puzzle! (Note that I don't mean the literal dependent variable in the analysis in the paper, but the larger process/pattern that it is supposed to represent).

解析:行文应是围绕一个问题展开,如侦探小说逐步解谜;而不是法庭上先设定有罪或无罪,然后用证据强行证明或驳斥。

论文的价值不在于解读文献中未报道的内容而是解决相关的问题

3. Frame around a puzzle in the world, not a literature. The only reason anyone cares about a literature is because it is helpful in clarifying puzzles in the world. So start with the puzzle. A related point is that just because a literature has not examined some phenomenon, that does not mean that you should. The only reason a phenomenon is interesting is if it poses a puzzle for existing ways of viewing the world. (Too often, I read papers that try to get motivation from the fact that a literature "has not looked at" x, y, or z. So what? There will always be a great deal of unstudied [by academics] phenomena. The question is why that matters. )

解析:围绕一个问题/谜团行文,而不是一篇文献发现没有人报道就上马研究。没人做过,不代表有价值;具有可探索性以及其附带因果逻辑的问题,才有价值研究。Introduction里引出自己研究内容的用词要注意了,虽然可能是说同一个研究,但表述为since X has not been studied, we...而不是陈述其涉及到的前因后果,就可能让人觉得这是一个为了研究而研究的无价值工作。也可以简单理解为“包装”。

一篇论文一个假设

4. One hypothesis (or a few tightly related hypotheses) is enough. If people remember a paper at all, they will remember it for one idea. So no use trying to stuff a zillion ideas in a paper. A related problem with numerous hypotheses is that it’s never clear what implications the invalidation of any one hypothesis has for the theory. (Note: the organizations community apparently does not agree with me on this one)

解析:一篇文章一个核心假设,足矣。科学,就是建立和测试假设。但一篇文章中假设太多的话,场面就会混乱。就如同一个人物关系错综复杂的故事,往往会失去很多欣赏、支持者。

真理越辩越明

5. Build up the null hypothesis to be as compelling as possible. A paper will not be interesting unless there is a really compelling null hypothesis. If there is no interesting alternative to the author's argument, why would anyone care about it? Flogging straw men is both unfair and uninteresting.

解析:零假设要尽量有力有理。敌人越强大的超级英雄电影,主角也越鲜明;对手都是弱鸡,超级英雄就是弱鸡英雄,甚至不是英雄。作为导演和编剧,要能够塑造强大的反派。具体参见有希斯莱杰的Batman。

任何理论都是建立在特定条件下的

6. Save the null. Since the null is compelling, it must be right under certain conditions. The author's job is to explain to the reader that s/he was right to believe x about the world, but that since x doesn't hold under certain conditions, s/he should shift to belief x‘. This helps the reader feel comfortable about shifting to a new idea. Moreover, a very subtle shift in thinking can go a long way.

解析:反派不能太摆设,剧本中要拿出空间给反派,用来展现反派的统治力。读者看到一个恶统治未来的昏暗无光后,才能自然地理解正义的光明。经过切身的对比,最后选择才是自然的,不遗憾的。

通过行文逻辑来引领读者

7. Orient the reader. The reader needs to know at all times how any sentence fits into the narrative arc of the paper. All too often, I read papers where I get lost in the trees and have no sense of the forest. The narrative arc should start with the first paragraph or two where a question/puzzle is framed and lead to the main finding of the paper. Everything else in the paper should be in service of that arc, either by clarifying the question or setting up the answer (including painstakingly dealing with objections). A related tip is:

解析:在问题——答案思路下,引领读者。文中句子既然存在,则必要有一个功能,且这个功能只能是服务于提出问题——解决问题这条主线。于此主线无关的内容只会让读者茫然不知所措。读者一迷惑,就给差评。

不要将论文写成文献综述

8. Never write literature reviews. No one likes to read literature reviews. They are borrring. So don't write them. But that doesn't mean you should ignore "the relevant literature." To the contrary. You have raised a puzzle about the real world (see tips 3-5). One reason why it is a puzzle is because existing answers are compelling (see point 7), but flawed. So you review the literature not as an end in itself but because you show what is compelling but flawed about existing answers. Any research that does not pertain to that objective can remain unmentioned. (Ok, ok. Some reviewers will demand to see their names or that of their favorite scholars even when their work is essentially irrelevant. And it is usually good to anticipate that. But try to do as little as possible.).

解析:没人喜欢读文献,文献很无聊;读者喜欢谜语,也喜欢与谜语相关的提示信息。写这个提示信息。是文字游戏么?不是。这里是要强调关联性的重要性。没有关联性的文献只是为了引用而引用,为了论述而论述,对解决当下的问题没有帮助。引用文献务求按照寻宝线索的路子去设置。

以上就是给同学们分享的essay写作技巧,同学们在写作essay的时候可以尝试一下使用这些技巧,这对提升论文的质量非常有帮助。

51due留学教育引领海外留学的风向标,打造最好的教育品牌,提供专业的代写服务,我们为自己的品牌代言,不负留学生的期待。提供全方位的服务,包括assignment代写、essay代写、paper代写服务。

更多关于代写的内容,点开主页栏目,即可快速获取代写相关资讯,如果各位有美国作业代写需求,可以咨询24小时客服QQ:800020041,为您详细解答。

上一篇:写好Introduction的六个层次“公式” 下一篇:高分essay代写可信吗