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英文论文写作如何避开用词重复

2018-05-12 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 写作技巧

想必留学生都知道,英文论文在评分时需要进行查重检测,如果重复率过高,就有可能会被判定是抄袭。无论是为了通过查重,还是为了让论文不显得那么单调乏味,我们都应该在英文论文写作中避开用词重复的问题,下面就给大家讲解一下

英文论文写作用词重复,英文论文避免用词重复,essay代写,assignment代写,作业代写

1、省略/删除

有时在一个句子里省略掉重复的部分,语法仍然正确。

It is much harder to segment markets now than in the 70s.

在“than”后省略“to segment markets”。

Apple rules mobile devices; Google, the web; Facebook, social media; Amazon, e-commerce; and Microsoft, enterprise software.

在Google, Facebook, Amazon 和Microsoft后都省略了“rules”。

另外有一些词可能完全是出于习惯,经常性地加在句子里的,比如quite, very, actually等。重读自己文章时(特别是朗读时)你一般会注意到这些重复又没太多意义的词,可以考虑删除一些。

2、使用同()义词和词组

为避免过多使用同一个词,大家还可以使与其意思相同或相近的词与词组。比如negative effects可以用 “detrimental impact” 或 “harmful effects” 等来代替。描述 “冷” 除了用泛泛的词cold还可以根据具体程度用微冷(cool, brisk), 寒冷(chilly ), 或冰冷(freezing, frigid) 来代替。

下面一段关于有哪些故事内容最吸引读者的陈述中,作者用了几个表示感兴趣的近义词组(be concerned with, curious to know, be fascinated by):

Other stories captured our readers attention too, of course. People seem to be equally concerned with how social media is retraining human brains and upending social norms. They’re curious to know how artificial intelligence will evolve. And they’re fascinated by what Big Data means for society at large.

但选用同(近)意词时,不要在字典里找到一个同义词就生硬地放进来。如果你不熟悉这个词, 有可能会使用不当。因为每个词除了字面意思还有引申的含义,如褒贬,程度, 正式或非正式等。作家Stephen King说过:“Any word you have to hunt for in a thesaurus is the wrong word.”(即不能依靠同义词典来寻找想用的词汇)。想自如地使用恰当的词就需要我们平时积累学习词汇。

3、使用代词或有指代意义的词

使用代词是常见的避免重复的方法。比如:

Seattle-based Nordstrom looks competitive (despite its setback at the Florida Mall). It’s one of the few retailers still growing store count.

还有些帮助替代或省略的词, 如former, latter,counterpart。下面的例子里a句使用重复的词,而b句则巧妙用词避免了重复。

a. Monti and Renzi could not have been more different in their approaches and personalities. The Monti is a sober academic, while Renzi a flamboyant politician.

b. Monti and Renzi could not have been more different in their approaches and personalities. The former is a sober academic, while the latter a flamboyant politician.

a. The figure shows that older homeless adults have a greater disease burden than the younger homeless adults.

b. The figure shows that older homeless adults have a greater disease burden than their younger counterparts.

4、变换句式

有些时候可以靠句式的变化,如利用伴随性状语或使用从句来减少词语重复。

对比下面例句中的a与b,使用伴随性状语,既表达出动作或情绪伴随性发生,又避免了同一主语的反复出现。

a. She sat down on the ground. She screamed and yelled in a hideous manner.

b. She sat down on the ground, screaming and yelling in a hideous manner.

a. The girls looked up at the three Nazi officers who entered the room. The girls were terrified.

b. Terrified, the girls looked up at the three Nazi officers who entered the room.

此外,利用复合句,将单句用从句连接词连起来也是一个避免用词重复的方法。如下面《纽约时报》中的一个例子:

a. MIT’s experiment has sparked discussions among admission deans. Some of the deans say they plan to offer similar opportunities for applicants to send evidence to project-based learning.

b. MIT’s experiment has sparked discussions among admission deans, some of whom say they plan to offer similar opportunities for applicants to send evidence to project-based learning.

以上就是关于英文论文写作减少重复率的方法,大家在写作时经常使用同样的词大多因为写作习惯和词汇的匮乏,所以同学们必须想办法解决这个问题。

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