代写范文

留学资讯

写作技巧

论文代写专题

服务承诺

资金托管
原创保证
实力保障
24小时客服
使命必达

51Due提供Essay,Paper,Report,Assignment等学科作业的代写与辅导,同时涵盖Personal Statement,转学申请等留学文书代写。

51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标
51Due将让你达成学业目标

私人订制你的未来职场 世界名企,高端行业岗位等 在新的起点上实现更高水平的发展

积累工作经验
多元化文化交流
专业实操技能
建立人际资源圈

APA格式的文中夹注与参考文献写法

2018-03-09 来源: 51due教员组 类别: 写作技巧

国外大学引用文献的格式有很多,其中APA格式就是比较常见的一种。一般来说,那些几百字的小essay是可以不用写reference,但超过1500字的essay一般来说就会有相应的reference list条目数量要求,这就需要大家根据APA格式写作规范来书写reference.下面就给大家讲解一下APA格式的文中夹注与参考文献写法。

APA格式参考文献,APA格式,essay代写,assignment代写,作业代写

1. Books 著作

1) Book with one author (一位作者的著作)

Reference citation in text (文中夹注)

Rosenthal (1987) has argued that …or … this is significant (Rosenthal, 1987).

If the author’s name is not in the text, include it in the parentheses.

J. Sandemose has discussed this in his biography (2004, pp.522-552).

It is recommended to include the page number (or chapter) in addition to the year when paraphrasing or referring to a passage. This is optional.

In bibliography (参考文献)

Rosenthal, R. (1987). Meta-analytic procedures for social research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Sandemose, J. (2004). Aksel Sandemose: A biography. Oslo: Aschehoug.

2) Book with two to seven authors (2到7位作者的著作)

Reference citation in text (文中夹注)

Beck and Sales (2001) here establish a new theory.

or A new theory is established here (Beck & Sales, 2001).

In all subsequent citations to books with two authors, repeat both names and year.

This is also analysed in terms of theories of aesthetics (Carlsen,Nielsen, & Rasmussen, 2001).

With 3-5 authors, write all names in the first citation. In subsequent citations write only the first author’s surname followed by et al. (et al. = “and others”.) With 6 or more authors,cite only the first author’s surname followed by et al. in allcitations. The year is included in all citations, e.g.(Carlsen et al., 2001).

In bibliography(参考文献)

Beck, C. A. J., & Sales, B. D. (2001). Family mediation:Facts, myths, and future prospects. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Carlsen, M. S., Nielsen, K. G., & Rasmussen, K. S. (2001). Deleuze’s philosophy. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum.

All authors’ names (up to 7) are written in the bibliography.

(八位作者以上的情况比较少见,有的话建议大家尽量避开~)

3) Chapter in book with editor (选集中的章节)

Reference citation in text (文中夹注)

There are, as Sleeter (1995) has proven, large variations.

The in-text citation refers to the author of the chapter.

In bibliography (参考文献)

Sleeter, C. E. (1995). Radical structuralist perspectives and learning disabilities. In T. M. Skrtic (Ed.), Disability and democracy: Reconstructing(special) education for post modernity (pp. 153-165). New York : Teachers College.

Chapter author and chapter title are written first, then the editor(s),book title (in italics), and chapter page numbers (in parentheses).The reference to the book begins with “In”.

2. Articles 论文

1) Article with one author (一位作者的论文)

Reference citation in text (文中夹注)

From printed journal without DOI (Digital Object Identifier):

没有数字对象标识符的出版期刊

According to Friscolanti, we are entering “a new age of hybrid tanks… and biogenerators that transform trash into power” (2009, p. 35).

Write … in a quote if words are excluded. Write the page number of the quote.

From online journal without DOI:

没有数字对象标识符的网络期刊

Skull fractures caused by golf balls can inflict brain damage in young children (Steinbok, 2008).

From journal (printed or online) with DOI:

有数字对象标识符的出版或网络期刊

Since 1970 the number of children who have received the diagnosis autism has tripled(Safran, 2008, p. 92). “The term autism has undergone a complete transformation since the 1940’s” writes psychologist S. P. Safran (ibid., p.90).

When there are several citations to the same source,“ibid.” can be used. Include the page number of the quote.

In bibliography (参考文献)

From printed journal without DOI(Digital Object Identifier):

Friscolanti, M. (2009). Lean, green war machine. Maclean’s, 121(51),35-36.

The title of the journal (not the article) is in italics. Volume in italics. Issue in parentheses, and not in italics. Write page number(s) for the entire article.

From online journal without DOI:

Steinbok, P. (2008). Operative management of growing skull fractures. Child’s Nervous System, 24(5), 605-607. Retrieved from http://www.springerlink.com

Write complete URL if content is freely available (open access).Write URL of the journal’s home page if available by subscription (this example).

From journal (printed or online) with DOI:

Safran, S. P. (2008). Why youngsters with autistic spectrum disorders remain underrepresented in special education.

Remedial and Special Education, 29(2), 90- 95. doi:10.1177/0741932507311637

Do not write the name of the database or URL because the DOI is a specific identifier and link to content when written in the address line of a browser or in a doiresolver.

2) Article with several authors  有多位作者的论文

Reference citation in text (文中夹注)

Articles with two authors: 有两位作者的论文

Write both names in all citations.

The study shows that men do more housework after they become fathers (Deutsch, Lussier, & Servis, 1993, p. 116).

Articles with 3-5 authors: 有3-5位作者的论文

Write all names in the first citation. In the next citation to the same article, name only the first author followed by et al. and year. Page number is optional, but recommended.

Articles with more than five authors: 有五位以上作者的论文

Write only the first author followed by et al. and the year, for all citations.

In bibliography (参考文献)

The title of the journal (not the article) in italics.

Deutsch, F. M., Lussier, J. B., & Servis, L. J. (1993).Husbands at home. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 115- 117.

For articles with up to six authors, write all names. For articles with seven or more authors, write the first six names followed by … and then the last author’s name.  (This example shows an article from a printed journal without DOI.)

3) Newspaper article 报纸文章

Reference citation in text (文中夹注)

Printed newspaper: 出版的报纸

Obesity has a direct correlation, not only to heart disease and cancer, but also to poverty (Schwartz, 2005).

Online newspaper: 网络报纸

The economic crisis in the USA strengthens Obama’s chances of winning the presidential election (Nagourney & Bumiller, 2008).

In bibliography (参考文献)

newspaper: 出版的报纸

Schwartz, J. (2005, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4-A5.

If an article appears on discontinuous pages, give all page numbers, and separate the numbers with a comma.

Online newspaper:网络报纸

Nagourney, A., & Bumiller, E. (2008, September 25). McCainleaps into a thicket. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

以上就是关于APA格式的文中夹注与参考文献写法,超过1500字的essay对我们大多数中国留学生来说写作都有难度,所以就要更加注重这些细节问题。

51due留学教育引领海外留学的风向标,打造最好的教育品牌,提供专业的留学生作业代写服务,我们为自己的品牌代言,不负留学生的期待。提供全方位的服务,包括essay代写、paper代写、assignment代写、留学生作业代写服务。

更多关于留学生作业代写的内容,点开主页栏目,即可快速获取论文代写相关资讯,如果各位有作业代写需求,可以咨询24小时客服QQ:800020041,为您详细解答。

上一篇:法学硕士论文如何选择标题 下一篇:英文论文写作前期问卷设计解析