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An Analysis of Progressive Movement

2021-09-28 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

51Due教员组今天给各位留学生带来一篇纯原创代写历史范文,本文讨论了进步运动的主要动机,以及它如何处理美国面临的传统和威胁。。希望这篇可以帮助到各位留学生,同时需要代写也可以直接联系我们51Due客服vx(vx:Jenny_dynh)进行咨询。

The progressive movement was an influential social movement and ideological trend in the history of the United States. The progressive movement played a major role in the history of the United States. Unlike the material reform of Roosevelt's New Deal, the progressive movement is a cultural reconstruction movement. This essay discusses its main motivation, and how it deals with traditions and threat facing the U.S..

 

The motivation of the progressive reformers is to promote the overall improvement of society on the basis that capitalism has achieved great material progress. “The object (of the progressive movement)...to secure social and industrial justice for every man and woman”(Roosevelt, ). In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the corruption of the American government, and the disadvantage of the poor appeared. A series of activities have emerged in the second half of the 19th century in response. The promotion of "new democracy" has expanded people's participation in politics. It calls for people's supervision over the governmentThere is reform of the city managerial system and the city council system. Women strive for election power. In economic terms, it is mainly the government that has increased its interference in the economy.  The government acted as a visible hand to control big companies so that it will not harm the interests of society and reduce its threat to democracy and freedom. The antitrust laws and national campaigns are carried out to protect resources. Its aim is to put new cultural beliefs into economic life and set up various economic institutions and different interest groups, thus establishing an economic order adapted to social production in the industrial age. In the area of social reform, the movement aims to improve the living conditions of the lower classes of the people and reconcile the relationship between labor and capital. It is the most humanitarian part of it. However, as a result of the huge gap, the role of social justice in solving poverty is small. The importance of the movement lies in the emergence of social welfarwith the formation of a new labor policy aimed at conflicting labor relations. Certain rights of workers have been protected by the law. The government has played a role in the reduction of labor disputes. The law has made progress, including child labor law, female worker laws, wage and labor time legislation, and production conditions. It intends to be reforms in politics, economic policy, social justice and the promotion of ethical standards.

The progressive criticized the drawbacks of capitalist development, but it did not fundamentally deny traditions. The social ideology that guides the progressive movement is that human society’s inevitable tendencies are progressive, and that human reason can promote social progress. Progressive reformers are sincerely welcome to the social material prosperity brought about by the development of industrial technology, but at the same time they are worried that the power of material will threaten the integrity of human rights and the existence of social and cultural spirits, thus making people become servants of things. “The Alderman saves the very poorest of his constituents from that awful horror of burial by the county”(Addams,p.4). Therefore, what they are striving to pursue is the development of spiritual and moral advancement that goes hand in hand with material and technological advancement, so that the equality of society and the freedom of the individual coexist. It is in this sense that progressism is a cultural reshaping movement. There has been the development of new individualism, the rise of new nationalism, the popularization of efficiency and scientific management ideas, and the revival of morality. It requires that public authorities, such as the government, assume responsibility for the intervention of the original resource organization. These not only require the adjustment and expansion of government functions, but also the optimization and reorganization of government structures.

 

The Progressive Movement has rethought American industrial society and industrialism that may threaten social traditions. “here is something very harmful and injurious to the public health and morals, that imperils our very institutions themselves and the perpetuity of the Nation”(Kerr, 97). With the advent of the industrial age, the United States was no exception to the industrial problems including the chaos of economic life, the deterioration of social poverty, the intensification of class confrontation, the crisis of political structure, and the decline of culture. The government of the United States fails to do a lot for the children(Kelley 32). Also, the conflict between individuals and society has reached extremes. Material wealth and economic forces cannot boost the overall improvement of society. Capitalism has created material and technological advancements, but it has inefficient in the development of social culture and spirituality. In response to these problems, the U.S. community began a series of campaigns, many of which were started by groups of social individuals and demanded the attention of the government. The government began to take some measures. The American progressive movement took place from about 1896 to 1917. It was a capitalist reform movement involving all sectors of society. The era of progressivism was period of self-improvement and self-adjustment considering the threat facing the U.S., as the result of long-term political changes and social protests in the United States.

Progressive reform is triggered by the prevalence of greed and corruption. It aims to create spiritual and cultural conditions that correspond to material prosperity, rebuild the social value system destroyed by industrial civilization, and promote capitalist development. It not only marks a turning point in the history of political and social thoughts in the United States, but also shows that the capitalist system has initially acquired the function of self-regulation and repair.

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