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As Musicians In Mandé Society

2021-09-01 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

各位留学生大家好!今天100due教员组给大家分享的是一篇非洲音乐essay代写范文,主要内容是讲:论格里特人在曼德社会中作为音乐家的角色。曼德协会的音乐有着悠久的历史和独特的传统,特别是在民间音乐艺术领域,它展示了格里奥特独特的天赋和创造力。在这篇文章中,我们将讨论格里特人在曼德社会中作为音乐家的角色,重点是他们的乐器和典型曲目。

The Mandé society's music has a long history and a unique tradition, especial in the folk art field of music which shows the unique genius and creativity of griots. In this article, it is to have a discussion of the griots’ role as musicians in Mandé society with a focus on their musical instruments and typical repertoires.

In the Mande culture of West African, griots in french or jali also jeli is a professional term to refer to a unique social rank in the hierarchy system of Mandé society.  which is the meaning of folk artists. They are “professional verbal artist”(Roderic, 1984, p.60). In the daily Life, griots not only have the features of understanding history well, but also fully demonstrated the ability of music. They often play an instrument called "Kola" with twenty-one string. It is a sort of harp and also a lute, and thus called harp lute(Roderic, 1984, p.70). A lot of similar instruments derived from it.  And they used the singing method with the rich personality to sing a variety of songs with different styles. For example, when the name of a hero was sung, jali would play it in a very deliberate style for others to understand what he was singing(Roderic, 1984, p.73). The instrument used in the performance of jeli, also include xylophone, of which jali is found to be the earliest player in Africa, and ngoni capable of producing several tuning, in addition to Kola(Roderic, 1984, p.63, 70). There are also the integration of guitar in Jeli now(Charry, 2009, p.4).

Jali at the same time also are players, composers and conservators and educators of classical music and typical repertoires. Each instrument have relevant repertoires and players often borrow repertoires from other instruments(Roderic, 1984, p.72). So it greatly enriched the repertoires. In the West Africa region, a widely circulated Mande epic---- Sundiata is Balla Fasséké Kouyaté’s praise song, which is the oldest piece of singing of jali(Counsel, 2006,p.37). In terms of contents, a lot of repertoires have their theme as praise of the past heroes in the past such as jairo and jamundiro(Roderic, 1984, p.77). Those epics recorded a lot of historical data and later became an important basis for the study of history of the empire of Mali and source of musical inspiration. Their outstanding performance in the music determine their important position in the development of traditional African folk music. In the colonial time, the aggression and domination of the Western colonialists had devastated Africa, but music in Mande society had always lived and developed before this catastrophe with the persistence of griots. Although griots in french or jali lost patron and financial support from former chief, they turned to wider support and this instrumental music had wider appeal than before(Roderic, 1984, p.63). 

Griots’ landmark instrument such as Kola and a lot of typical repertoires have created the own unique style of music in Mande society.This has become a valuable asset in the world of art with special charisma. 

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