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System of assant Empire and Kongo kingdom

2021-07-09 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

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introduce

 

This article will introduce the political system of assant Empire and Kongo kingdom. This paper will explain the shaping forces that contributed to the formation of the political system of the Assante Empire and the Gongge Kingdom, and focus on analyzing and comparing the similarities and differences between the political systems of the Assante Empire and the Gongge kingdom from three main characteristics.

 

analysis

 

The formation of political system of Assante Empire

 

History played an important role in the development of political system of Assante Empire and Kongo kingdom.

 

The Assante Empire belonged to the south of Cana. Because of the barren land, food pressure and political turmoil, a large number of akans dispersed and migrated. With the migration and steady growth of population, the competition between individuals and groups is becoming increasingly fierce, thus forming a greater power. As a result, countries that have developed into the most powerful regions include Assante, Dahomey, Benin and Oyo. The Assante empire is one of the most powerful countries, ruling Guinea along with three other countries (falora, 2000).

 

In the Assante Empire, its political system had three main characteristics. First of all, the political system and authority of the Assante empire are considered to come from the power of God. The rules of the state are also seen as representatives of God, guarantors of moral values, and incarnations of ancestors. Second, the political system of the Assante alliance was formed in a less centralized way, taking into account the various constituent groups in the country. The evolving political system of the Assante alliance effectively integrated the power of independent groups, while maintaining the power of the king and his chief. Decentralization decentralizes power and thus gives the country more stable control. Third, the ruler must listen to the chief's opinions before making political decisions. They also have to be efficient to stay in power. Otherwise, those rulers who have lost the trust of the people may be dismissed or rebelled by other chiefs (Falola, 2000).

 

The formation of the political system of Kongo Kingdom

 

In the 15th and 16th centuries, the kingdom of Kongo was a completely sovereign state, which tried to integrate Christianity and other elements of European culture into its own culture. Social structure, slave trade, sovereignty dispute and war jointly shaped the political system of Kongo kingdom. As early as 1942, the king of GONGO kingdom was ensinga kuwu. After his death, several political opponents lined up to take his place. With the help of his mother, Afonso became king of Kongo.

 

In domestic politics, there were several internal wars after King Alfonso ascended the throne. King Alfonso faced disobedience, not only in the capital, but also in the provinces.

 

In foreign politics, the conflict between Kongo Kingdom and Portugal has always been a big problem for Kongo. Although Kongo retains its sovereignty, Portugal has been trying to separate Kongo from other European countries. King Alfonso strongly wanted Kongo to convert to Catholicism, which showed that he accepted the inequality between Kongo and Portugal, and was loyal to the Portuguese in Kongo's foreign politics. The king's philosophy of political management and his pursuit of Catholicism contributed to Kongo's political environment to a great extent (vansina, 1973).

 

Compared with the Assante Empire and other African political systems, the political system of Kongo Kingdom has one of the biggest differences, that is, its higher level of centralization. The king of Kongo had the power to remove inefficient officials.

 

Second, with the expansion of the king's power and centralization, the political system also brought instability. Because the power was too concentrated on the king, there was no clear rule for succession to the throne, and unstable forces and opposing factions formed frequently, which brought trouble to the political stability and land security of the kingdom. Thirdly, because the power of the political system is more concentrated on the king, the king's personality and ability largely determine the success of state management and the strength of Kongo Kingdom (vansina, 1973).

 

A comparison of the political system between Assante Empire and Kongo Kingdom

 

There are similarities and differences between the political systems of Assante Empire and Kongo kingdom. In terms of differences, first of all, compared with the Assante Empire, the political system of Kongo kingdom was more centralized. The relevant degree of centralization is reflected in the power of the king, the chief, the officials and the balance of the three powers. As mentioned above, in the kingdom of Kongo, the king has the right to determine the performance of his officials and remove inefficient officials from their political positions. On the contrary, in the assant Empire, the ruler had to listen to the chief before making a political decision. In order to check and balance the power of teachers, Kumasi's position helps to regulate teachers. The distribution of power leads to more stable control of the state.

 

Second, by the end of the 19th century, the political situation of the Assante empire was more stable than that of the Kongo kingdom. However, in the kingdom of Kongo, because there is no clear stipulation on the succession of the throne, rebellion and opposition factions led to the political instability of Kongo.

 

Third, in terms of foreign political system, the Assante Empire took foreign relations as the core of its development. By engaging in trade, they are able to obtain a large amount of resources that were previously unavailable locally. This enabled rulers and chiefs to establish their power and expand their country. However, in the kingdom of Kongo, as king Alfonso strongly wanted to convert Kongo to Catholicism, he accepted the inequality between Kongo and Portugal as well as his loyalty to the Portuguese. It also prevents them from trading, which hinders their economic growth.

 

In terms of similarity, whether in the assant empire or in the Kongo Kingdom, the king had the right to remove officials and chiefs if they were not efficient and capable in their work. Kings and rulers play an important role in determining the political situation of a country.

 

conclusion

 

To sum up, history, religion and leaders played an important role in the development of the political system of the assant Empire and the Kongo kingdom. When analyzing and comparing the political systems of Assante Empire and Kongo Kingdom, there are both similarities and differences. The main differences in political systems between the two countries lie in the distribution of political power, the stability of political systems and internal and external political strategies.


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