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The Family of Man (1955): A Mile Stone in Photography Exhibition

2021-04-28 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Essay范文

下面给大家带来一篇优秀的Paper代写范文-- The Family of Man (1955): A Mile Stone in Photography Exhibition。现代艺术博物馆(MoMA)为使摄影成为西方艺术史上的重要一环做出了巨大贡献。 作为享誉全球的权威机构,现代艺术博物馆已从向公众开放的展览会主办者发展成为具有学术,艺术和文化价值的塑造因素。 作为现代艺术博物馆和摄影本身历史上的里程碑式摄影展览之一,1955年的现代艺术博物馆中的人的家庭在媒介和文化领域产生了深远的影响。 本次展览的策展人爱德华·史提琴(Edward Steichen)最初来自卢森堡。 Steichen2岁时与父母移居美国,自16岁起就开始对摄影和创意艺术充满热情。作为Man The Man的策划者,Steichen本身就是一位出色的摄影师。 他一生中担任摄影师已有78年,这是20世纪摄影发展的典范(MoMA2017年)。


The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) has made great contributions to making photography an important part of Western art history. As a world-renowned authority, the Museum of Modern Art has evolved from an exhibition organizer open to the public to a shaping factor with academic, artistic and cultural values. As one of the landmark photography exhibitions in the history of the Museum of Modern Art and photography itself, the "human family" in the Museum of Modern Art in 1955 had a profound influence in the field of media and culture. The curator of this exhibition, Edward Steichen, originally came from Luxembourg. Steichen moved to the United States with his parents at the age of 2, and has been passionate about photography and creative art since the age of 16. As the planner of Man The Man, Steichen himself is an excellent photographer. He has been a photographer for 78 years in his life, which is a model of the development of photography in the 20th century (MoMA, 2017).


Edward Steichen has gone through two world wars in his 94 years of life. He has a wide range of interests and experience, which allows him to conceive an exhibition to deal with larger themes than most other photographic works. . The types of photos taken by Steichen cover portraits, landscapes, social news, advertisements, etc. Steichen was an aerial photographer during the First World War and laid the foundation for later aesthetics and technology. Although he was only 63 years old, Steess still volunteered to join the army and led more than 4,000 wartime photographers, which further made him a legend in the history of photography. The "House of Humanity" was established in 1955 and is the most important part of Steichen's career. Since the exhibition began in New York, it has become a reality in an instant. The popularity even pushed the exhibition to 37 countries and regions on six continents in the next 8 years, further expanding the influence of the exhibition.

Although the photos used in "Human Family" belong to the same theme, they are not from a single or a group of famous artists. Instead, Steichen chose 503 photos taken by 273 male and female photographers from different countries in the world. These 503 photos are selected from approximately 2 million photos, including the work of many amateur photographers (Jay, 1989). The combination of outstanding photographer names and unknown amateurs is not common in well-known institutions like MoMA. Nevertheless, the exhibition was a great success. In fact, the ingenuity of this resource allocation method matches the complexity and comprehensiveness of the theme itself: in order to show all aspects of people and family, the exhibition will need to change the perspective as much as possible. Just like the director in the documentary "Life in a Day", he collects as many video clips as possible from all corners of the world, and then concentrates them under one theme: humans. Although the selection process is cumbersome, the correct choice is the key to the exhibition. Steichen has both professional knowledge and precise aesthetic awareness to complete this work.


The Human Family" uses a total of 273 photographers' works. These photographers come from 68 countries and have different backgrounds. Of the 273 photographers, 163 are American and 70 are from Europe (Jay, 1989). This limits the perspective of the exhibition to Western perspectives. However, given the limited time, this should not be criticized too much. The collection process is an open letter written to photographers around the world with the title "Subpoena to Photographers Around the World". In addition to the submitted photos accounting for 20% of the final photos, Steichen himself also traveled extensively to Europe to collect images. Most photographers are not well-known people in the field, nor do they know that other photographers are included in the exhibition. Except for the exhibition, almost no one else can connect with them, but they all showed their passion for humanistic photography and took beautiful pictures from their passion. Since most photos are obtained through submission and personal contact, it is obvious that most photographers are still alive during the exhibition. Later, Steichen and his assistant spent more than two years choosing photos from many choices.


The "human family" with the theme of "human" shows how human beings lead different lives in the world's family. From the baby's birth to growth, maturity, aging and finally death, the entire life is revealed (MoMA, 2017). Different photos show that people of different nationalities and races are living their own lives, so that people can become more closely connected families on earth by learning more about different family members. The exhibition comprehensively demonstrates the idea of men's equality through a true record of natural lifestyles. At the same time, the combination of documents gives it a strong emotional signal, expressed in the most understandable language for all mankind. 1955 was a decade after the end of the Second World War, and it was one of the most devastating wars in human history. Although the entire world is still recovering from the defeat of the war, the shadow of the Cold War has loomed over the Americans and other parts of the world. The exhibition is suitable for people who want to watch humanitarianism or humanitarianism. By studying how people with completely different languages and cultures combine "people" and "culture/life", people can feel the spiritual connection and feel the beauty of life. The layout of the photos influenced exhibitions after the 20th century. People are increasingly being encouraged to escape the two-dimensional way of designing exhibitions. Instead, people have invented more and more immersive 3D spaces, so that the audience will feel more real and personalized in the exhibition.


In addition to the accuracy and capture of the theme, the design of the exhibition is also excellent. Judging from the many photos taken in the exhibition, the "Human Family" did not abide by the existing rules of museums, art galleries or exhibitions, which placed framed photos of the same size on windows and other walls. Instead, the uniqueness and characteristics of each photo are retained. People may be surprised by the huge size difference between the photos, but at the same time the size serves the purpose. Although some photos are about the same size as postcards, others are equivalent to the size of the entire wall (Priem & Thyssen, 2013). Some smaller-sized photos are carefully designed to allow people to stand closer, such as reading a diary, which creates a more personal experience than larger photos. In contrast, larger photos create an immersive experience for the viewer, so the scene in the photo can be better reproduced. The location of the photos also distinguishes "Human Family" from other exhibitions. Some photos are placed in the corners, while others are hung from the ceiling. Photos from different directions and different sizes surround the audience, so the audience must always be mobilized. By walking around in the exhibition and looking up and down the photos in different positions, the exhibition has become an experience for the audience.


One of the outstanding figures in The Human Family is portraits of people from all over the world. There are no different portrait photos larger than real men that illustrate the subject (Priem & Thyssen, 2013). When humanitarianism isolates the suffering of the world and isolates the world from the rest of the world, humanistic photography is still full of hope for the world. In the exhibition, the strong belief shows that mankind will be able to stand out from suffering and disasters and become stronger than before. Human family is a successful attempt, summarizing men with a universal visual language. Most viewers like this exhibition, which means that the idea of a universal visual language is working. When the post-war society urgently needed a certain sense of human nature, the "human family" provided people with exactly what they needed: the state of connection between people as a family. Seeing different societies and the people in them, people will involuntarily feel familiar. Although these people may live differently from the viewer, they are still able to connect with them personally and emotionally. Criticism almost coexists with praise, and some people are skeptical about it, believing that the exhibition is an attempt to conceal American ambitions under the guise of humanism (Turner, 2012).


Despite the far-reaching impact, over time, some people believe that the exhibition's focus on human life is superficial. The focus on people's lifestyle makes the action of photography a simple explanation of ideas and concepts without the need for in-depth judgment. Although "Human Family" is considered to be a representative humanistic photography exhibition, it exhibits conflicting ideas due to the lack of in-depth thinking on the subject of humans. As an exhibition that travels around the world, for some critics, the content of the exhibition is just a record of human behavior. The content is not enough to prove the connection between the human theme and "family". In addition, there is a lack of meaningful thinking about society and a truly thoughtful organization of photo display. Instead, the emotional features of the exhibition are inappropriately magnified, so that people ignore the lack of depth. Because the true information of the exhibition is still ambiguous, the criticism is justified. However, this should not diminish the importance and triumph of pure expressionism it exhibits. One of the most direct functions of photography is to stimulate the audience's feelings. Obviously, the "human family" has successfully achieved this, which provides people with a higher degree of freedom based on its imagination and interpretation.


After the exhibition, "Human Family" inspired many artists' creative inspiration. For example, Karl Dallas's song of the same name is sung on the same theme: human beings as a family and the importance of a universal language. After "Human Family", there are other exhibitions focusing on similar themes and adding some ideas. From form, concept to theme, "A Family of Humans" inspired later exhibitions from many different aspects. For example, the World Photography Exhibition sponsored by a German magazine adopted a collection procedure similar to that of "A Man's Family", collecting hundreds of photos on the same theme worldwide. The organizer of this exhibition, Karl Pawek, clearly expressed his appreciation of Stetsen's work in one of his articles (Pawek, 964). With the appearance of the exhibition photo collection released many years later, the influence of the exhibition has even extended to today. All in all, "A Family of Humans" is a great exhibition organized by the greatest photographer ever. It has collected a series of humanistic photography works and expanded to the largest scale, covering aspects such as birth, adulthood, marriage, war and death. At the same time, the exhibition promotes the spread of photography as an influential form of visual art. Photography is no longer just a record. Instead, it becomes a social activity that can achieve a greater purpose than a single photo.


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