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A Comparison and Contrast Between Research Findings and Popular Press Articles On a Psychological Issue

2020-05-21 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Paper范文

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下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- A Comparison and Contrast Between Research Findings and Popular Press Articles On a Psychological Issue,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是抑郁——一个心理问题,不仅是公众关注的问题,也是学术界关注的问题。因此,他们在研究结果和流行的新闻文章中的表现有所不同。在本文中,我们将对研究结果和流行的报刊文章讨论抑郁症的方式进行比较和对比。杰奎琳·霍华德在美国有线电视新闻网(CNN)发表的一篇题为“大多数抑郁症患者得不到治疗,研究发现”的在线文章中,提到了美国成年人对抑郁症缺乏治疗,一些人反映了本报告所依据的论文和对抑郁症的个人评论,如缺乏对哥伦比亚大学医学中心精神病学教授、论文作者马克·奥尔弗森博士治疗的原因。

A Comparison and Contrast Between Research Findings and Popular Press Articles On a Psychological Issue

Depression ---a psychological issue is not only a concern of the public, but also the academic field. So they are presented differently in research findings and popular press articles. In this article, it is to have a comparison and contrast of the way research findings and popular press article discuss depression.

 

In the online article entitled “Most adults with depression aren't treated, study finds” by Jacqueline Howard published on CNN, it is about the lack of treatment of depression among adults in the US,  and some reflect of the paper that this report is based on and personal remark on depression such as reasons for such lack of treatment of Dr. Mark Olfson, a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University Medical Center and the author of the paper. In terms of language, it is rather easy to understand. It is composed of a lot of direct quote of others’ words in quotation marks based on their interview. And those words is similar to the daily language used with simple vocabularies and structure. This leaves a impression that the news is not only easy to grasp but also about the expression of facts, which tress the authenticity of information dissemination, and thus the formation of his factual language features. In addition, this news, and the facts are not abstract and the news language must be specific , as it is composed of a lot of data from researches and specific people such as researchers like Dr. Mark Olfson and Jonathan Becker. The characteristics of the news language can be summarized as: objective, exact, concise, simple and popular, so that non-professionals can also read and understand depression easily.

 

This paper which report is based on is written by Dr. Mark Olfson, a professor of psychiatry at Columbia University Medical Center. The paper is entitled as “Treatment of Adult Depression in the United States” with the authors as Mark Olfson, ;Carlos Blanco, Steven C. Marcus on a  peer-reviewed journal JAMA Intern Med in 2016. In terms of language, different from the daily journals in the daily conversation, it follows the rigorous logic of induction and deduction, which is a chain of ideas that binds the sentence and article together. For example, there are a lot of formal cohesive devices such as “ despite ”, “ whereas” etc. In addition, the sentences are much longer and uses more noun phrases. Also, a lot of data and statistical terms such as P < .001 appeared a lot. In terms of contents, there is a large number of data from 46 417 responses to the Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys. And then they are analyzed with statistical methods. A complete objectivity is thus achieved. The structure of the academic papers is also strict with seven parts: importance, objective, design, setting, and participants, main outcome and measures, results, conclusions and relevance, and bibliography. In the above structure, none can be omitted casually.   

 

There are both similarity and differences of those two articles. They are similar as a very important feature of both of them is stressing objectivity. The News article requires to reflect the reality by rejecting the narrator's feelings, attitudes or evaluation etc, but just presenting the facts in a plain language. However, the complete objectivity in this academic paper is more achieved through a logical deduction from its internal structure, analysis based on data with statistical methods. Thus the academic article is mainly focus on the analysis of data, with no emotional language and personal comments, and thus pay great attention to the logic of induction and deduction. Also, in the online article on depression , the interview object can be free to utter their idea. But in the academic article, researchers needs to follow strict structure of the academic papers and write in a rather formal academic language.

 

To sum up, academic article on depression, published on a peer-reviewed journal is marked by the unique and complex words, terminology, and language, and professional theory and methods, which makes ordinary people hard to grasp. But the popular press article often is devoted to spread the knowledge on depression in a easier to understand manner, which play the role of publicity of the results of scientific research.

 

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