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Research on Canadian Racialism

2020-03-08 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文-Research on Canadian Racialism,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是加拿大作为一个高度发达的资本主义国家,以其丰富的自然资源和先进的科学技术,被公认为经济最发达的国家。加拿大在教育、政府透明度、社会自由、生活质量和经济自由方面都是一流的。由于人口稀少,人口和民族构成逐年变化,使加拿大成为典型的移民国家。高移民率主要受国家政策的影响。

Research on Canadian Racialism

Introduction

As a highly developed capitalist country, Canada has been recognized as the most economically developed country with abundant natural resources, advanced science and technology. Canada ranks among the first class in terms of education, government transparence, social freedom, life quality and economic freedom. Due to sparse population, there are changes in population and ethnic composition year by year, making Canada a typical immigrant country. The high immigration rate is mainly affected by the country’s policies.

 

After carrying out the multiculturalism for several years, Canadian national relations have been greatly improved, leading to the disappearance of obvious racial discrimination phenomena (Winter, 2015). Canadian model of solving racialism problems has been even taken as a model for other countries for a period, thus Canadians seen to have entered an era of no racialism. However, there are still new racialism phenomena and problems in society. The new racialism in modern Canada has many new performances and characteristics. By referring to a series scholarly sociological articles, there will be an analysis of Canada’s racialism phenomena, with further reflection as well.

 

Background of Canadian Racialism

Racialism exists especially in many immigrant countries. With more and more immigrants, diversity has been related to a range of negative social outcomes (Berry, 2016). People are racially discriminated by their distinctions in races, colors, nationalities and ethnic compositions. On basis of these, people can be excluded and restricted. The existence of racialism has largely reduced and even eliminated recognition and equality, then their human rights and fundamental freedoms are also seriously influenced in aspects of politics, economy, society, culture and so on. According to Antonia and Rodolfo (2004), there are racialism in the United States, bringing a great enlightenment to the study of racialism in Canada, due to the similarities between the two countries. Canada is a country with complex ethnic composition, different religious beliefs and various cultures. There used to be apparent racialism policy to those visible minority races. There are also researches on Canadian racialism situation based on social investigation. However, the result of the researches indicates Canadian racialism is completely attributed to the multiculturalism policy, with extremely limited evidence. Besides, with the introduction of history of aboriginal Canadians, they are still in the racialism situation (Ormond, 1991). Indicated by Vic Satzewich (1998), a number of collected Canadian scholars’ papers are focusing on both the existence of racialism and the justification for Canadian racial statues, which are of great value for Canadian racialism researches.

 

Performances of Canadian Racialism

With a series of racialism policies, Canadian government denies the existence of Canadian racialism, believing that they have solved the racialism problems well. As a matter of fact, Canadian racialism has never been completely eliminated, but appears in society in new forms. The new racialism performances are new racial discrimination phenomena with strong concealment even in the global anti-racism environment, but in accordance with traditional racialism in essence.

 

A number of Canadians take their work environment as mythic, believing there are only racialism phenomena in countries like the United Kingdom and the United States rather than Canada, as there are official laws against racial discrimination in Canada. In reality, employment racialism generally exists in Canada as much as in other industrial countries. Employment racialism has become institutionalized in Canada, thus non-white’s suffering from unequal treatment in employment seems to be systematic deviation. The whites generally have more employment opportunities than the non-white especially the black. In addition to unequal employment opportunities, occupation district division namely the ghettoization is also a strong proof for Canadian employment racialism. The representative with the most obvious performances lead to the Chinese. In history, the Chinese would retreat to their distributed district, reacting to racialism. For instance, the prevalent Chinese laundry industry and restaurant industry are Chinese people’s adaptation to Canadian racialism.

 

With unequal employment opportunities, the income for the minorities can be largely affected as well. In terms of revenue, it is easy to see a common phenomenon that Canadians of European have a significantly higher income than Canadians of minorities. When people have similar ages, educational degrees and work experience with the same gender, employers have an obvious preference for the white with advantageous treatments including income advantages.

 

Immigrant discrimination is also a performance of Canadian racialism. Canada has some immigration regulations, indicating that Canada identify immigrant standards according to people’s independent immigrant ability instead of their races or nations. It seems that the people from other countries have equal opportunities to become Canadian immigrants, but Canada’s preferences for the white can be seen to some extent. Firstly, people of different races and nations still have unequal chances to enter Canada. Secondly, Canada has strong preferences for short-time black visa workers. Canada reject the black, nevertheless, Canada need the black to do housekeeping work. Most Canadian immigrants possess mature management experience or professional skills. With the development of society, Canadians have a growing need for workers with a special visa. The majority of these workers are non-white women, who are engaged in seasonal housekeeping work. With short-time visa, Canadians take use of these worker labor and have no concerns for their immigrant possibilities. This is how immigrant racialism exists.

 

Characteristics of Canadian Racialism

The existence of racialism phenomena can be seen in Canada. But it can be largely differentiated from traditional racialism with many new characteristics.

 

The first characteristic is that racialism just deny the existence of itself. According to many racialists, many social behavior has nothing to do with racialism or discrimination. Accordingly, if people attempt to stop or correct these behavior, they may be related to seek for special rights for the minorities.

 

The second characteristic of racialism leads to its substitution essence. General impression on racialism is non-rational. In contrary, racialism performances are rational especially in politics and economics, making racialism phenomena easily accepted by the public. Besides, with general racialism tendency, Canadian media generally use the ingenious substitution method to belittle the minorities. The most common way is the disadvantaged theory, transferring the responsibilities to the minorities.

 

There is a cultural interpretation of Canadian racialism. When it comes to some racially unequal phenomena, the white interpret them as a kind of culture. In specific, this is a level of multicultural performances., rather than racialism behavior intended for the minorities. According to the law, all kinds of cultures are equally protected by concrete regulations, thus racialism seems to disappear under the cover of multicultural performances. When conflicts occurring to the aboriginal Canadians, the white argue that it is culture difference that makes people misunderstand those aboriginal Canadians. Thus racialism is perfectly covered by cultural interpretation.

 

Factors Leading to Canadian Racialism

In the past a few years, Canadian government has developed a relatively mature system to protect people’s rights and to fight against racialism, making equality and fraternity ideas popular among the public. In this context, how can Canadian racialism comes into existence and gradually develops? The following are some analysis factors leading to Canadian racialism.

 

The appearance and prevalence of racism in Canada has complex historical and social reasons. There is a continuation of the traditional white superiority theory. The colonists developed racial superiority in European societies for a long history before the second world war. The European white holding this idea think that there is a causal relationship between personality, intelligence, cultural characteristics and races. With the prevalence of racial superiority, the Canadian white take themselves as the superior and the non-white as the inferior. The racial superiority of the white has been lasting for decades. Secondly, Canadian multiculturalism policies are taken used of by some extreme racists, as its legal protection. The extreme racists first use the multiculturalism influence to persuade people in believing the disappearance of racialism in Canada. Then, they can use the pluralism principle, making racialism as a part of cultural phenomena. In this way, the non-white think they are protected by law, and misled by cultural interpretation of racialism. Finally, there are legal loopholes and drawbacks which are impossible to be radically removed. With discrimination in Canadian judicial system, the injustice of the judiciary contributes to the racialism popularity. When people are racially discriminated but fail to be protected by law, the power and influence of law can be largely reduced.

 

Reflection on Canadian Racialism

Due to the complexity of racialism, more factors are contributing to its lasting appearance. It is impossible to totally eliminate racialism, but it can be changed positively with continuous efforts.

 

The existence of racialism must be realized and admitted. The deny of racialism means to refuse to stop or change current situation. If this can be admitted, this can be better solved with practical solutions. Secondly, the definition and regulations on racialism need to be modified. New racialism performances are obviously differentiated with traditional performances, thus there should be changed regulations following the social development. Thirdly, the implementation of institutional constraints and punishments must be strengthened. There are racialism and injustice in Canadian judicial system, with unfair law enforcement behavior. With modified laws and regulations, the supervision on Canadian judicial system can better protect people’s rights. Finally, people suffering racialism and discrimination are supposed to fight for their rights. The solutions to radicalism and discrimination is far more a single matter of dealing with the Canadians, but to be attributed to the passive victims. Before the multiculturalism policy, Canadian minorities are in lower position. With the protection of laws, the minorities should change previous passive positions to active positions. They should take practical actions and work together to protect their racial rights. Finally, necessary educational measurements must be adopted. Legislation has become an effective social tool to deal with racialism, but education measurements are also important. Multicultural education helps the minorities to be integrated into mainstream society, and then reduces their concerns in employment. Multicultural education also makes the white to learn history, culture and contribution to the country thus they can get along with the minorities better.

 

Conclusion 

The research paper deals with racialism against ethnic minorities by the white Canadians. However, racial discrimination is never limited to this kind. Besides, there are also racialism discrimination among ethnic minorities internally, which need to be further studied. One thing needs to be clarified is that instead of obvious racialism from the white, there are hidden racial discrimination as well. Under the pressure of legal measurements and public opinions, national relationships have been greatly improved. On the basis of the analysis above, both Canadian government and the public should develop rational and objective understanding of multiculturalism and racialism. By adopting proper solutions, the racialism can be changed in the near future.

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