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The Death of the Salesman

2020-03-08 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面51due教员组为大家整理一篇优秀的代写范文- The Death of the Salesman,供大家参考学习。这篇文章讲述的是《推销员之死》是美国著名剧作家阿瑟·米勒的代表作之一。它对反映美国的现实具有艺术价值和深远意义。许多学术界关注于对戏剧技术表现的分析,如意识流、表现主义,或是对戏剧舞台效果的分析,或是对主人公威利·洛曼悲剧人生成因的分析。然而,很少有论文在强调本·洛曼作为人物幻觉出现的重要性方面做得好。因此,本文将着重探讨阿瑟·米勒在《推销员之死》中塑造这样一个人物的原因,我们知道,推销员之死与美国梦有关。

The Death of the Salesman

The Death of the Salesman is one of the representative plays written by famous American dramatist Arthur Miller. It has an artistic value and profound  significance for reflecting the reality in America. Many academic communities focus on the analysis of the performance of the drama Techniques such as stream of consciousness, expressionism, or analysis of the stage effect of the play,or analysis of the cause of the hero Willy Loman’s  tragic life. However, few papers do a good service in emphasizing the importance of the  appearance of Ben Loman as an illusion of the characters. So this article will focus on the reasons why Arthur Miller creates such a character in The Death of the Salesman.As we know,The Death of Salesman has associated with American Dream. Willy Loman, as the main character of the play, wants to achieve his American Dream to be a rich man. However, unlike his brother Ben, a temporary character, he can not become a rich man and always is disturbed by his failure. When we read the page 30 to 37 and look at from Ben’s entry to Ben’s exit, we can feel Willy’s aspiration for success. The two brothers show a startling contrast in their achievement. For Ben, he is the opposite side for Willy and he is rich and makes a great achievement. Ben’s dream comes true. While Willy is nothing and under great pressure from life and his children. Just like his brother Ben, Willy really hopes that his children can achieve the America Dream rather than be nothing like him. So through analysis the process from entry to exit of Ben and the Willy’s respond, we can deeply understand what Willy really hopes for.

First of all, Arthur Miller describes the situation that Ben carries with “a valise and an umbrella”,which means that Ben just goes out to do business and he is very busy. And then Arthur Miller also mentions that Ben is “a stolid man with a mustache and an authoritative air” though Ben is sixties. In addition, Ben often says that “I am busy” and “I need to talk with others for businesses”and “When I was seventeen years old, I went into the original jungle in Africa. However, when I was twenty-one years old, I made a fortune and became a rich man”.Beside, when Ben communicates with Willy, Ben always notices his watch and tells Willy that his time is running out and he needs to negotiate with others for trades. As a result, unlike Willy, Ben is seen as a busy businessman.In fact, Ben was dead in Africa in accordance with the conversation between Wily and Charley and Ben can not exist in the reality.Actually Ben is an illusion. Through the conversation between Ben and Willy, we gradually learn the Willy’s story. He has experienced lots of  ups and downs in his life. When he was a little baby, his father went away and Willy lived an orphan life. In his mind, the brother Ben is an example that encourages him to seek for fortunate.

Ben’s success seems to point out the direction of success for Willy and Willy hopes that one day he can achieve their dreams like his brother. So he is working hard in this life and sells goods.Willy never talked to his father, but he was eager to receive the approval of his father and get his father’s recognition as well as some advice  to confirm whether he are doing is right or not. Therefore, as the substitute of the father, Ben communicates with Willy. As a result, when Ben praises Willy for his education for Willy’s two children and Willy seems to be out of control and ecstatically says“I am right”. While Ben’s appearance reflects Willy's expectations and fantasies about the realization of the "American Dream." Ben, as a man at sixty, still works for money. While, Willy has not sold anything.Although Willy has worked for thirty-six years,but the company's new boss Howard mercilessly fires him.His son, Biff is thirty-four years old but is nothing and the relationship with Willy is  bad. The reality makes Willy feels depressed and confused as well as upset. In the illusion of the voice from the heart, Ben, as the Willy’s fantasy about the“American Dream”, reflects the Willy’s failure and aspiration.The illusion of Ben appearance also drives the death of Willy. Finally, Willy returns home and reaches the "dead end": the boss dismisses him and the two sons also abandons him.But at end, Willy still can not clearly understand the reality. Finally, Will kills himself for the insurance compensation so that he can keep his dignity as a father.

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