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How can enterprises reduce costs in the real economy

2019-08-27 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- How can enterprises reduce costs in the real economy,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了实体经济企业如何降低成本。成本控制是成本管理的一项重要内容,实体经济企业在不同的时期或发展的不同阶段,针对成本控制的路径会表现出不同的选择要求和具体的行为特征。当前,面对经济运行过程中出现的虚实经济结构失衡现象,仅仅依靠微观层面的企业进行成本控制已难以发挥预期的积极效果,宏观层面的政府应在发挥市场资源配置作用的基础上,有效应用成本控制等手段纠正实体经济增长过程中的价值创造失灵现象,并使市场与政府的综合作用发挥至最佳。

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Facing the new economic situation at home and abroad, cost control should play its due role in the cost management system of entity enterprises. Cost control of the entity enterprise must actively fusion "cost reduction" and "development" strategy, and the state council "lowering the cost of the real economy enterprises work plan", on the basis of strengthening the consciousness of the main body of enterprise cost management contingency, initiative to meet the needs of the supply side structural reform, exploring the inherent law of entity enterprise cost control. As an innovative form of cost management in entity enterprises, "three-line management" is helpful to improve the effectiveness and feasibility of control in the practice of cost management in enterprises, and to promote the wise decision-making and sustainable development of entity enterprises.

Cost control is an important content of cost management. In different periods or stages of development, real economy enterprises (entity enterprises for short) show different selection requirements and specific behavior characteristics according to the path of cost control. At present, in the face of economic operation in the process of the actual situation in our country economic structure imbalance, just rely on the micro level of enterprise cost control is difficult to play the expected positive effect, the macro level, the government should play a role of market allocation of resources in, on the basis of effective cost control methods such as correction of real economic growth in the process of value creation failures, and make comprehensive role play of market and government to be the best. In other words, in the face of the operating difficulties of real enterprises and the objective situation that the downward trend of macro economy cannot be quickly reversed, the government must take the initiative to take various effective measures to promote the development of real enterprises, among which cost reduction is a very important measure.

The objective of cost control of entity enterprises is to improve the creation ability of enterprise value by reducing cost, and to explore the path of sustainable development of enterprises by means of optimization and innovation of cost control mode, that is, to seek development. Although our government power is tried to use monetary policy to boost the real economy growth, due to the actual situation the imbalance of economic structure, however, at all levels of government in the real economy enterprises under the condition of insufficient internal impetus driving, by pulling the financial entity industry growth to boost the economy, as a result, the real estate industry such as the "excitement" overweight, and in a certain state of bubbles.

To construct the theoretical framework of reducing the cost of real economy enterprises, it is necessary to relax the research hypothesis of cost accounting, expand the boundary of cost control, and add corresponding contingency factors according to different situations, so as to make it more in line with the theoretical requirements of real economy enterprises and reflect the situational characteristics of the development of enterprises or enterprise clusters. In the future, with the bag, the raise way embedded in the activities of cost management, such as the cost of creating Shared value concept will further promote the collaboration between enterprises, enhance communication, communication between enterprises and service, promote innovation main body active collaboration, represented by the industry technology alliance network organization will be the real economy an important content of enterprise cost control.

In recent years, the manufacturing cost advantage of Chinese enterprises is not obvious. In energy costs in manufacturing, for example, through to the 2015 China statistical yearbook data analysis, China's manufacturing industry main business cost is 84. 59 trillion yuan, direct energy consumption is about 2.5 billion tons of standard coal, in accordance with the end of 2015 bohai sea thermal coal price index calculating average 360 yuan/ton, convert energy costs is about 0. 9 trillion yuan, accounting for the proportion of main business cost is 1. 06%, plus the cost of electricity accounts for the proportion of main business cost about 2. 6%, the energy consumption of the main business costs 3. 66%. In the petroleum processing coking and nuclear fuel processing industry, chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing industry, non-metallic mineral products industry, ferrous metal smelting and rolling industry, non-ferrous metal smelting and rolling industry and other major energy users accounted for more than 10%. At present, China's efforts to reduce energy consumption cost are mainly focused on measures such as electric energy replacement, electricity price reduction, comprehensive energy contract management, coal to oil, coal to gas, and energy consumption reduction, but the actual effect is not obvious. In this regard, we should accelerate the reform of energy pricing mechanism, reduce energy prices, promote the reform of state-owned enterprises in the energy sector, and reduce the operating monopoly cost. Manufacturing enterprises improve energy efficiency by improving technological progress and transformation and upgrading, etc.

However, if the impact of the external environment is emphasized blindly, enterprises may lose the right to take the initiative to seize opportunities. Governments at all levels should strengthen the endogenous mechanism of cost reduction in real economy enterprises and attach importance to the "internal cause control" of cost reduction measures.

At the same time, we should prevent some enterprises from applying the government's macro-level and medium-level "cost policies" to gain personal gains and damage the fair competition environment. It should be emphasized that environmental benefits only provide a necessary but not sufficient condition for enterprises to reduce costs. It is necessary to combine the characteristics of the real economy to change the enterprise's cost control from the "internal factor control" which combines the material and virtual value chain to the "internal and external comprehensive control" which embodies the value management of enterprise cluster network. Taking investment in environmental equipment as an example, it is not only uneconomical for enterprises to build environmental protection projects independently, but also difficult to improve the efficiency of capital turnover. By tapping the internal potential, enterprises in the cluster region can jointly invest and share the cost of environmental protection, which can not only improve productivity, but also greatly save enterprise funds. Therefore, the innovation of cost management tools and the formulation of more effective policy measures from the perspective of internal and external integrated control are worthy of researchers and policy makers to attach great importance to the topic.

The cost control of entity enterprises generally goes through three stages, namely, traditional cost control, spontaneous cost control and comprehensive cost control. Is characterized by information support system for the management of the cost of the main dominant period is one of the traditional cost control phase, it emphasizes the single enterprise cost management, and comprehensive cost control is the responsibility of the spontaneous target cost control, budget management, and other tools to your community or network cluster knowledge, intelligent management and so on. Our country present stage to entity enterprise as the main characteristics of cost control, cost reduction are still at the stage of cost control of spontaneity, advocating "three line" management mode of cost control, will help to speed up the entity enterprise cost control based on the "+" Internet and intelligent manufacturing, intelligent management combined with comprehensive cost control direction of development.

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