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The impact of us tax cuts on China

2019-08-24 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The impact of us tax cuts on China,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了美国减税对中国的影响。近些年来,中国供给侧结购受美国减税的影响发生了变化,后经改革后着重强调了减税降费的必要性,从减税方面可以通过增值税税率结构的优化调整,尽可能将税率结构变得更加简单化;从降费方面,由于中国企业收税项目种类较多、极其复杂。因此必需加强各项收费项目的整治,促使企业经营成本得到有效降低。

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Tax cuts are often due to economic recessions, so they should not be limited to the short-term rapid recovery of the economy, but should take into account the long-term development of economic growth. The Reagan years of "stagflation" and the bush years of "economic malaise" both had tax cuts. From the short-term analysis, by reasonably reducing the tax rate and raising the deduction standard, the tax burden of taxpayers can be effectively reduced, consumption capacity can be improved, and economic development can be driven. In addition, tax cuts can effectively stimulate business investment and create jobs. From the perspective of long-term analysis, the tax cut policy provides strong support for the economic development of small and medium-sized enterprises, and plays an excellent role in promoting the optimization of economic structure. From the perspective of the private sector, both personal consumption capacity and investment capacity can be effectively improved, thus promoting the long-term growth of the economy.

Reagan changed his original adherence to "demand management theory" to "supply management policy theory". Bush chose the "new liberal economic theory" as the main theory support. In terms of economy, the two men have the same views. They both advocate to minimize macro-control, give full play to the role of market mechanism, and provide a relatively loose environment for economic development. Tax cuts are an important measure to create a "liberal and loose" economic development environment.

Tax reduction must focus on income tax, directly through the reduction of income tax rate and continuous improvement of the tax system. Both Reagan and bush focused their tax cuts on income taxes. There are two main factors: first, income tax is the overall tax in the United States; Second, income tax has a direct impact on the economy, and its impact is also large.

The us tax reform is a systematic and comprehensive tax reform, involving a wide range of changes, the scope of the revision is very far-reaching. As an economic power, the United States occupies an important position in the world economic status, so the American tax cut reform will inevitably affect major countries in the world. Us tax reform is an effective competition strategy that will stimulate tax competition among countries, possibly changing existing international trade rules and malicious competition between the eu, Japan and big developing countries. The impact of the us tax reform on the global economy can be mainly reflected in the following aspects: first, the global industrial capital begins to flow to the us, which will weaken the growth momentum of emerging markets and developing countries; The second is that it will trigger a global wave of competitive tax cuts. In the short and medium term, this will certainly lead to the reduction of tax sources of governments, fiscal pressure suddenly increased. In particular, the likelihood of a debt crisis in countries with high government debt has risen rapidly; Third, international finance is still in a loose environment. From the specific implementation analysis of the us tax reform plan, the sharp reduction of corporate tax will inevitably increase the debt pressure of the us government. Tax cuts will make America's debt problem worse. Therefore, it is necessary to force the federal reserve to gradually slow down the pace of raising interest rates and normalizing monetary policy. The interest rate difference between the United States and other countries is narrowed or relatively stable, which is conducive to a relatively loose international financial environment. Fourth, medium - and long-term competition among foreign companies has increased. The us tax reform will directly change or even reshape the layout of global industrial chain, and the industrial competitiveness of all countries, especially emerging markets, will face potential challenges.

In the long run, tax reform is not only about increasing or decreasing tax rates, but also further promoting tax reform and clarifying tax system and tax logic, which is crucial. Instead of imitating the tax reduction reform in the United States, it is better to have a deeper understanding of the differences between Chinese and American tax systems, learn the advanced nature of American tax system structure, and fundamentally improve the functional deficiencies of China's tax system structure in the distribution of wealth. In response to the impact of us tax cuts on China, there are the following measures.

In recent years, China's supply side purchase has changed under the impact of the tax cut in the United States. After the reform, it emphasizes the necessity of tax cut and fee reduction. In terms of fee reduction, due to the variety and complexity of Chinese enterprises' tax collection items. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the renovation of various charging items to effectively reduce enterprise operating costs.

China's central and local fiscal expenditure and income gap is too large, the government financial distribution is seriously unbalanced. In order to solve the problem of imbalanced fiscal distribution between governments timely and effectively, the fiscal distribution can be adjusted appropriately. For example, by effectively reducing the contribution rate of social security, reduce the tax burden of social security and other measures.

Although the Chinese government has formulated many tax reduction plans in recent years, the tax burden on enterprises has not been effectively reduced. The root cause is tax cuts. In addition, the operating costs of Chinese companies are generally too high. Specific improvement can start from the following aspects: from the tax, can further increase tax incentives. For example, tax incentives can be implemented for traditional manufacturing industries, or policies combining service innovation with traditional industries can be formulated to expand the scope of tax rate concessions enjoyed by high-tech enterprises. In terms of tax rate, the burden of tax burden can be reduced by reducing the enterprise income tax rate. From the analysis of enterprise cost, China's enterprises have relatively high operating costs, but the corresponding preferential policies have not been timely adjusted, resulting in higher and higher enterprise costs.

What China USES to individual income tax now is classification system. Personal income tax regulation plays an important role in private income distribution, so it is necessary to carry out personal income tax reform. The reform of personal income tax can be implemented mainly in two aspects. First, the implementation of individual comprehensive income tax system; Second, raise the individual income tax threshold.

To sum up, the us tax reform will trigger a global chain effect, and may even cause a fierce tax competition among countries, as well as change the existing international trade rules and malicious competition between other countries, including the eu, Japan and big developing countries. The implementation of the us tax reform policy has had a profound impact on the global economy. We should correctly face the impact of the tax reform in the United States, combined with its national conditions, to develop a scientific and reasonable tax policy objectives and concrete implementation, and constantly improve enterprise development and build a social justice of tax system, tax cuts in the United States under the influence of China's fiscal and taxation can be mainly through the camp to increase rate decreases and and reduce the comprehensive cost of the enterprise, to create a good business environment for the enterprise.

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