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Foreign exchange risk management of multinational enterprises

2019-01-28 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Foreign exchange risk management of multinational enterprises,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了跨国企业的外汇风险管理。跨国公司的外汇业务随着国际贸易和企业国际化成本双向流动的加剧,正逐步表现出强劲的上升势头。但由于大多数跨国公司没有风险意识和危机感,在国际业务管理方面缺乏经验,而且对外汇的风险认识不到位,并没有对此引起足够的重视。另外,金融市场发展相对滞后,银行现有的外汇保值工具相对单一,也在一定程度上加大了公司的外汇交易风险。

Foreign exchange risk management,跨国企业的外汇风险管理,essay代写,paper代写,作业代写

Foreign exchange transactions refer to the process of foreign currency claims and foreign currency debts arising in the process of transnational trade. Because in the time of the trade and mutual trade settlement has certain difference, so in this process, the different between monetary currency exchange rate fluctuations will be to the company at the time of the cross trading settlement produce certain losses or gains, which will be for multinational business uncertainty, exchange rate fluctuations will important influence on multinational foreign exchange trading, there are certain risk.

In the process of foreign trade, due to the inevitable existence of some foreign currency debts and creditor's rights, the exchange rate fluctuations between foreign currency and local currency will make it impossible for enterprises to determine the amount of domestic currency for import and export loan before transaction, which also increases the financial budget difficulties and operating costs of enterprises. At the same time, this kind of exchange rate fluctuations can also lead to the following potential risks for the companies: assets overseas and domestic securities between exchange rate risk, overseas branches reduced the risk in the financial statements in the process of the merger and convert the profit and loss, the enterprise as a result of fluctuations in the value of the asset market to overseas branches of uncertainty in the case of business performance evaluation, etc.

With the intensification of the two-way flow of international trade and enterprise internationalization cost, the foreign exchange business of China's transnational corporations is gradually showing a strong rising momentum. However, due to the lack of risk awareness and sense of crisis in most of China's multinational companies, lack of experience in international business management, and inadequate understanding of foreign exchange risk, not enough attention has been paid. The development of the domestic financial market is relatively backward, and the existing foreign exchange hedging tools of Banks are relatively single, which also increases the foreign exchange trading risks of companies to a certain extent.

Exchange gains and losses of the company in recent years show a good development trend, on the one hand, thanks to an appreciating yuan, on the other hand because of the company in recent years, continuously strengthen effective monitoring to the foreign exchange risk, the company when converted into local currency in the foreign trade of the value of a large amount of foreign currency debt has improved.

For a long time in the past, in order to develop foreign markets, huawei implemented the strategy of focusing on market development, thus ignoring the actual risks of exchange risks and operating benefits, which also caused huge losses to the company. However, in recent years, with the continuous development of the company's foreign business, the company has gradually realized the importance of foreign exchange risk management in the development of enterprises. On the one hand, by constantly paying attention to the international macro policies of countries with relevant businesses and the trend of the world political and economic situation, we constantly strengthen the use of scientific financial forecasting methods to improve the breadth and accuracy of foreign exchange trading forecasting. On the other hand, in order to ensure that the company's surplus will not have violent fluctuations due to the impact of the exchange rate, financial management and contract management in the process of foreign trade have been enhanced. When signing the foreign exchange transaction contract, try to negotiate with the partner to realize the foreign exchange preservation clause to protect the interests of both parties or adopt the fixed exchange rate to achieve this purpose. In addition, huawei has strengthened its dominant position in foreign exchange trading by strengthening the cultivation of relevant business backbone.

Huawei company combined with its own development condition, under the premise that the necessity of foreign exchange risk management, through the combination of various kinds of exchange risk management measures, effectively enhances the company to deal with foreign exchange risk resistance ability, reduce the risk of foreign exchange trading company, to ensure that the company the advantage position in foreign exchange trading, realized the steady growth of profitability.

The establishment of risk awareness is an important guarantee for enterprises to carry out foreign exchange risk management. Enterprises need to establish relevant systems of foreign exchange risk management as soon as possible, establish relevant management institutions, improve the allocation of relevant personnel and systems, and constantly infiltrate this risk prevention awareness into all links of enterprise operation and management, so as to achieve a close combination of foreign exchange risk management and enterprise development.

Many multinational companies in our country at present the internal foreign exchange risk management is performed by the financial department, but as a result of financial personnel in the foreign trade to the national policy and corresponding changes in exchange rate is not very sensitive, makes it hard for the company effectively and fully for risk prevention and control, cause in the relevant foreign exchange management function has great limitations. Therefore, it is very necessary for enterprises to attract professional financial and accounting personnel to formulate effective management plans and management mechanisms for foreign exchange market and foreign exchange income and expenditure. In addition, by establishing special management institutions, timely and dynamically analyzing and predicting the fluctuation of exchange rate, the timeliness and effectiveness of decision-making can be improved.

Due to the differences in business scale, nature and industry of different enterprises, different enterprises should not generalize their strategies in foreign exchange risk management. Different enterprises must establish their own external environment according to their own reality. R risk supervision system, and formulate foreign exchange risk response strategies in line with the enterprise.

Due to the disconnection between the hedging instrument and hedged item during the confirmation period and measurement, the traditional accounting treatment will lead to earnings fluctuations without any economic significance in the enterprise behavior, which not only damages the enterprise image, but also aggravates the financial management cost of the enterprise. Under the new accounting standards for enterprises, enterprises can hedge their foreign exchange risks. Strengthening the accounting of enterprises can reduce the impact of exchange rate fluctuations on the earnings capacity of enterprises.

With the introduction of the new RMB exchange rate mechanism and the increasingly marketization and liberalization of international capital, enterprises need to reduce their foreign exchange risks with certain financial tools according to their own anti-risk ability, so as to cope with the impact of fluctuations in the domestic and foreign financial markets.

In the transnational trade of a company, inter-disciplinary talents with the ability of risk management, international economy and trade are an important guarantee to help the company identify the risk of hedging tools, measure and control the risk. Every foreign trade company needs to actively plan for the relevant talent reserve and department construction.

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