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The relationship between hermeneutics and psychology

2019-01-28 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The relationship between hermeneutics and psychology,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了解释学与心理学的关系。理解是人获得生命知识的过程,是由人所有外在感官去认识内在的思想过程。这个过程需要由一种方式来阐述,因此可以说理解是目的,解释是达成理解的方法。而理解心理学的任务是完整的分析、阐述生命的意义与价值,即理解就是一种对生命意义及价值的解释。把体验、理解和解释作为理解心理学的首要方法,理解就是通过走进内心世界,了解心理活动,内心体活动和文本思想的过程。解释学是关于理解的学科,极大促进心理学的进一步发展,人格心理学作为心理学的分支,也深受其影响。

hermeneutics,psychology,essay代写,paper代写,作业代写

Hermeneutics, also known as hermeneutics and hermeneutics, is the theory or philosophy of understanding and interpretation of texts. The core concept of hermeneutics is "understanding". Hermeneutics, phenomenology and positivism, as the "three powers" of western psychology methodology, have great influence on the development of psychology, especially psychoanalytic psychology.

The early hermeneutics was a method and technique for people to understand and interpret the bible. It was the godfather's unified interpretation of the bible, taking god's will as the object of interpretation. The purpose of interpretation is to convey the true meaning of god through the words of the bible. In the nineteenth century, driven by the wave of modern China, the German philosopher Lyle Mach change from theology, literary hermeneutics, developed into a door on text, understanding of the general theory and historical events, to explain the specific experience summary, induces the general principles and methods, established the independent discipline - general hermeneutics. Dilthey emphasized that understanding and description are the basic methods of psychology, and he advocated the acquisition of knowledge by means of sympathetic understanding, that is, eliminating prejudice to understand the content of the text. Heidegger is the founder of existentialism and the initiator of philosophical hermeneutics. Under the leadership of heidegger, hermeneutics changed from epistemology and methodology to ontology. Hermeneutics is marked by the publication of German philosopher gadamer's hermeneutic work truth and method. He changed the methodology of hermeneutics to ontology and put forward philosophical hermeneutics. Later, German philosopher habermas and gadamer had the longest and most influential debate in the history of hermeneutics. He formed critical hermeneutics when he criticized gadamer's traditionalist attitude, the universality of hermeneutics and the ontological tendency of gadamer's hermeneutics. Paul rico is a hermeneutics deeply influenced by the tradition of phenomenology, and his hermeneutics is also called "the hermeneutics of phenomenology". Ricoeur took "text" as the focus of understanding and interpretation. He believed that there was a certain correlation between the internal structure of text, and text symbols were not only the meaning of symbols, but also the meaning and content behind them.

Vonte holds that the study of national psychology is a psychological process based on the general development of human groups and the occurrence of common spiritual products of universal value. Therefore, wundt said, "the psychology and spirit that psychology deals with today are not the entity concepts of philosophy, but the concepts of reality, namely the actual spiritual functions and conscious phenomena. He thinks that the low-level psychological process can be studied by means of experimental introspection. But for the advanced psychological process, can only use the national psychology method. He proposed to understand a nation's language, mythology, religion and customs so as to understand the nation's high-level psychology. He also emphasized that one must be part of the nation to understand the mind. This kind of thought and dilthey's sympathetic understanding wants to relate, is one kind of conscious initiative applies the hermeneutic thought in the psychology. The psychoanalytic theory put forward by Freud is based on subliminal meaning. The subconscious is not perceived by people through the perception of the senses, nor can it be captured through self-observation. The expression of the subconscious is through humor, speech, dreams and other interpretations, and the underlying meaning can only be understood in this form. Therefore, interpretation is the key to clarify the implicit meaning. Through different representations and symbols, we can express the solution to people's inner thoughts through a specific thing, such as the dream of snakes in pregnancy to express men and pumpkins to express women.

The psychology of dilthey's understanding is also called the psychology of life. Understanding is the process of acquiring knowledge of life, and the process of knowing inner thoughts by all external senses. This process needs to be explained in a way, so it can be said that understanding is the purpose, and explanation is the way to achieve understanding. As the object of understanding psychology, man is the unity of knowing, feeling and meaning. The task of understanding psychology is to analyze and expound the meaning and value of life completely. Dilthey regarded experience, understanding and explanation as the primary method of understanding psychology. Understanding is the process of understanding the author's mental activities, inner body activities and textual thoughts by walking into his inner world.

Freud, as the precursor of hermeneutic thought, did not clearly put forward what interpretation was, but his interpretation of dreams and other knowledge contained hermeneutic thought. Freud established psychoanalysis as a branch of the natural sciences, but in fact many of his ideas had some aspects of the humanities and hermeneutics in particular. In fact, the discipline of psychoanalysis established by Freud is influenced by hermeneutics, so it is inevitable that Freud's psychoanalysis has the ideological characteristics of hermeneutics.

Jung believed that psychology is a valuable text, its value and significance of attention and reading, especially pay attention to the dream and its symbolic significance, focus on building prototypes and represent subconscious content, in the perspective of hermeneutics, through the form of a symbol, can better express the meaning of jung's various prototype, which can be analyzed through the symbolic form. Jung's treatment also showed the characteristics of hermeneutics: he divided psychoanalysis into four stages -- talk, interpretation, counseling and transformation. Through psychoanalysis, he helped patients find the meaning of the subconscious.

Erich fromm's lifelong academic aim is to establish a kind of "humanistic psychoanalysis", to achieve "self-man" and "sound society". Fromm's humanistic psychoanalysis regards the correct understanding of human nature as the fundamental task of "humanology", so as to explore the role of man in the evolution of human society and build a sound society. From the perspective of interpretation to understand, understand the value of people, to explain the meaning of people.

Lacan's structuralist psychoanalysis is obviously influenced by heidegger's hermeneutics, especially gadamer's. Gadamer believed that human beings have language, and in order to be understood, the understanding must establish some relationship with the understood through language. Lacan is influenced by this and believes that the subconscious mind is like language or text, and the meaning of the subconscious mind is waiting to be understood through metaphor. Lacan believes that the task of the psychoanalyst is to dig up the patient's subconscious mind and put it into words. Interpretation is the most important step in analyzing the treatment method. Through the communication with the patient, the analyst explains his subconscious mind so as to achieve the purpose of treating the patient.

Hermeneutics is a subject about understanding, which greatly promotes the further development of psychology. As a branch of psychology, personality psychology is also deeply influenced by hermeneutics. This paper tries to understand the theory of personality from the perspective of hermeneutics, which brings new research methods to personality psychology and understands the purpose of personality research from the perspective of hermeneutics. Personality psychology can be simply defined as the study of a person's unique behavior patterns. Olbert, a personality psychologist, argued that due to the differences in the characteristics of each person, the understanding and interpretation of individual characteristics are different, and the understanding of human characteristics must be found through superficial behavioral texts.

Maslow believes that psychology is the science of man, he is different from the natural science. He emphasized the importance of studying healthy people or self-actualized people. He opposed to the study of people in static and segmental ways, and put forward the principle of holistic dynamics to study people. The holistic approach emphasizes the overall response of a person, which is not the understanding of a single thing or thing, but the overall understanding of the surrounding environment and cultural background of a thing or thing. Maslow believes that the nature of need determines the nature of motivation, and the intensity of demand determines the intensity of motivation. Therefore, we should pay attention to the study of people's needs and motives. Because needs are human nature, people with different levels of needs will behave differently. To understand people from behavior, people with different needs will have different characteristics, and to explain people's motivation and personality from explicit behavior.

Loro may thinks of people as an organic whole. People are both subjective and objective. Therefore, we should pay attention to people's own experience and study people in an objective way. Loro may's analysis of existence is based on ontological existence and has religious wrong ideas, but he regards self-conscious people as a kind of existence towards self-realization and creates people in a certain sense. From this, we can conclude that he also interprets people's life world in an understanding way, so as to achieve self-construction.

Hermeneutics is liberated from the special interpretation of individual texts and promoted to the general hermeneutics. Hermeneutics proposes to reconstruct the grammar of the text and the psychological state of the author, so as to achieve the interpretation of grammar and psychological interpretation. Interpreters are opposed to the traditional metaphysical theoretical system of pursuing the masses, the absolute, the changeless and the eternal, trying to find some new concepts to present the meaning and value of life, insisting that life must be explained according to itself and the category of explanation should also come from life itself. They believe that the change of object of understanding is to expand the research field of the humanities, at the same time, the understanding is oriented to the historical world, and the research focus is shifted from the philosophy of life to the hermeneutics of life, which lays the methodological foundation for the humanities. The psychological methodology of hermeneutics extends the research field of psychology. Through the study of hermeneutics, psychology increases the investigation of the dimension of human society-history. Meanwhile hermeneutic psychology pays more attention to the research of native psychology. The ultimate relationship between hermeneutics and psychology is interwoven in history, which proves the legitimacy and rationality of humanistic interpretation under the guidance of scientism psychology.

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