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Lady Mary Wroth And Jane Austin

2019-01-24 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Lady Mary Wroth And Jane Austin,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了玛丽·罗斯和简·奥斯汀。玛丽·罗斯和简·奥斯是英国文艺复兴时期的两位伟大的女性作家。玛丽·罗斯的作品是英国妇女写的早期浪漫主义散文。而简·奥斯汀的《傲慢与偏见》中对女性独立人格的叙述和描写也塑造了一个成熟而独特的婚恋观念。

Lady Mary Wroth,Jane Austin,essay代写,paper代写,作业代写

I. Introduction

The British Renaissance is largely dominated by male writers. But Lady Mary Wroth and Jane Austin ignore this sort of dominance and become two great female writers of the British Renaissance. The work by Lady Mary Wroth The Countess of Montgomery’s Urania is the early romantic essay written by the British women. Also, Jane Austin's narrative and description of women's independent character of Elizabeth in Pride and Prejudice also shapes a woman image with mature and unique view of marriage and love . In this article, it is to analyze literary achievements and potential feminism in her work, their background, social status, and relations with contemporary men of Lady Mary Wroth---an outstanding poetess, and another female writer Jane Austin.

II. Body

Lady Mary Wroth and Jane Austin are living in the era when the old and new century is alternating with a variety of ideas in conflict with each other, and they both have experienced some unfortunate events in their life. At that time the British’s production has made great progress after the industrial revolution, but at the same time, there are more complex social contradictions. Mary Wroth was largely invisible, and not famous early modern woman writer( Salzman). Women basically can not engage in any occupation, and the only way out for them is to get married. The majority of the female characters in Urania are loyal but by contrast, the men are not constant (Dorrego, 105). Also, living in such era, the value of their literature was greatly underestimated in their time given the social background then. One of the most prominent problems of the period in which Lady Mary Wroth and Jane Austin are living is the disparity and inequality between men and women's social status. Just the famous remarks in Pride and Prejudice said,“a single man in possession of a good fortune, must be in want of a wife”(Austen,4). However, in that materialistic era, marriage is not based on feelings. Regardless of men and women, when the marriage are considered, the property and wealth of each other is the first matter to be considered. This kind of marriages based on money make people's feelings suppressed, and especially the feelings of women are suppressed. But humanism and enlightenment thinkers’ idea on freedom, democracy, equality and so on at that time also had an impact on them. In order to vent their feelings, they had to resort to imagination. Austen's novels and Lady Mary Wroth's work are the product of the times. They not only record the development of society changes---the grander social context, but also is based on the author's life experience. Lady Mary Wroth was born in the prominent Sidney family. Her family gave her a lot of warmth, but her setbacks in marriage and brought her a lot of trouble. As for Jane Austen, she also has a relaxed and warm family environment. More importantly, the whole family loves reading novels so that she can have unregulated freedom reading his father’s books on bookshelves. There is no doubt that such a family atmosphere has cultivated Jane Austin's interest in novels. As the age grows, family members are gradually leaving their parents' homes because of their careers and marriage, and her aging is more and more frequently reminding her of the obligations the society has given her and the importance of money. In her work Pride and Prejudice, the marriageable woman’s anxiety of their own status and love can be seen clearly in the five sisters of Bennett. All over Jane Austen’s life, she is unmarried, and lives a thrifty life of squire class. Thus, the living space of her is very small, and lacks the romantic atmosphere. However, these did not stop them from becoming the female writers. They used novels and poems to tell their own life.

As two female writers of the Renaissance era, Lady Mary Wroth and Jane Austin's literary achievements are very great and compelling. Mary Wroth is the first women writer of prose fiction in Britain (Dorrego, 105). The knowledge and proficiency of rhythm shown by Mary Wroth in her poems was praised by contemporary literary critics. In addition, Lady Mary Wroth broke the literary tradition of the sonnets with the depiction of women. In the traditional sonnets, men tend to express their inner feelings in a free and bold manner. By contrast, women are often quiet, and do not express their feelings directly. In Lady Mary Wroth 's writing, the female characters of The Countess of Montgomery’s Urania are no longer some shy, ruthless and cold woman in the traditional sonnet depicted by the author. But they are written to have the initiative and their own thoughts, and the courage to express their feelings from their own point of view. This is a literary innovation and creation of the new female image. This is one part of literary achievements of Lady Mary Wroth and it is also true of Jane Austin---another female novelist and author of Pride and Prejudice in the Renaissance era. Pride and Prejudice is a world-famous masterpiece(Pei, Fu, & Huang, 147).

Elizabeth Bennett, the main female figure of Pride and Prejudice was energetic, straightforward, pretentious, and emotional. And ultimately through the attainment of the ideal marriage, she gets the life she want. Jane Austen is like a skilled craftsman, and take the trouble to make the ordinary trivia and ordinary people behave so lifelike. In addition, Jane Austin in the novel Pride and Prejudice is marked by excellent central themes and ideas. She is not in favor of the practice of mere consideration of social status and money in marriage, although the practice is rather popular as mentioned above. At the same time, she does not agree with the kind of popular marriage in society that only focuses on lover. In the novel, through the Elizabeth and other women's images, she expressed her own view of marriage. She argued that marriage should be based on love and reason at first. For women who are going to have a marriage, it is necessary to consider the material interests, but they also need to take into account their feelings. By this, they can adhere to equality and dignity of their own personality before men. In short, it is to balance the money and feelings. It shows that renaissance literature began to attach importance to human emotions. But she did not deny the role of reason and rational feelings, to which Austen has attached the importance for the female life. Elizabeth tells her sister Jane one great difference between them: she will never be surprised at compliments, unlike her(Austen, 11).It can be seen She opposed the excessive love, and did not agree with the emotional indulgence. Thus, Austin is in fact advocating harmony between love and reason, that is, to maintain the balance of reason and emotion. Her idea is not only advancing in history, but also the age that she lives. This has made Pride and Prejudice become a great pioneering work.

In their classic works The Countess of Montgomery’s Urania and Pride and Prejudice, they have either expressed their thoughts freely or created independent female images, which expressed feminism tone in their works. In the period and ear of Lady Mary Wroth and Jane Austin, the beauty of women is the most commendable quality in the society dominated by the men. And a free thought of women, and their courage and dare to express their views are not welcomed and appreciated by the community. Mary Wroth ’s Urania (1621) deals with rather complex gender issue with the use of irony(Percec, 316). Lady Mary Wroth's behavior and her is dealing with gender issues in a ironical manner. Limena once said that "what should we trust, when man the excellentest creature, doth excell in ill?... men's words are onely breath, their oathes winde, and vowes water" (Roberts, ed.  228). It tells the female and the society that women can not only can learn the skills of writing, but also by this art of writing , they can be free to express their point of view of gender issues. She depicts the adulterous women --- Limena as "virtuous" as she thinks that adultery can be forgiven when it is the result of unfair treatment from their husbands or fathers(Figueroa, 106). So Lady Mary Wroth can be seen as a feminist representative of the Renaissance in Britain. This is a challenge of Mary Wroth and Jane Austin on the literary and social traditions of the time. Elizabeth Bennett, as a character of Pride and Prejudice, believes firmly in her values and confidently trusts her ability to discern others(Henderson, 3). In the novel, she suggested that women should keep the balance of money and feelings, and the balance of reason and emotion in marriage. In fact, she is hoping that they are to obtain a double harmony in the spirit and material aspect. They are not only going beyond the traditional boundaries to write secular love and romance of people, but also having the courage to publish their own works. Thus, through the work The Countess of Montgomery’s Urania and Pride and Prejudice, they are shown as challenges to the traditional social norms but also bold challenges to patriarchal society. It is through this challenge that people see the view of two new female writers on women's social status, that is, women want to express themselves’ emotions and views of the women‘s right to freedom, which is precisely reflected in their then literary works.

To sum up, Lady Mary Wroth and Jane Austin are great writers in the history of British literature, and also the early feminist representative. Their literary achievements are very great and compelling with their works The Countess of Montgomery’s Urania and Pride and Prejudice admired by later generations all over the world. However,in their era, the literary achievement of Lady Mary Wroth and Jane Austin is greatly undermined. During the turbulent life of the Renaissance era and unfortunate events of their life, Lady Mary Wroth and Jane Austin as two great female writers of the British Renaissance lived tenaciously, showing extraordinary courage of women and created a series of quality works to utter their thoughts with a feminism tone in their works The Countess of Montgomery’s Urania and Pride and Prejudice despite that there is disparity and inequality between men and women 's social status. The depiction of characters of The Countess of Montgomery’s Urania and Pride and Prejudice such as adulterous women --- Limena being "virtuous" and Elizabeth’s unique view of marriage and love is fully showing their feminist tones. Those make Mary Wroth and Jane Austin become two outstanding feminist representatives of the Renaissance in Britain literary history, who challenge the literary and social traditions of the time in a brave and bold manner with the theme expressed in the main characters in The Countess of Montgomery’s Urania and Pride and Prejudice.

Works Cited

Austen, Jane. Pride and Prejudice.The Project Gutenberg EBook. (1998). 4,11

Dorrego, Jorge Figueroa. "Men's Inconstancy in the Prose Fiction of Mary Wroth and María de Zayas." Sederi Yearbook of the Spanish & Portuguese Society for English Renaissance Studies.(1999):105-110.

Henderson, Angela. "The Austen Women: A Look at Character." Unt Scholarly Works (2002).

Salzman, Paul. "Mary Wroth: The Countess of Montgomery's 'Urania' (Abridged) ed. by Mary Ellen Lamb (review)." Parergon 29(2012).

Percec, Dana. "Gender and Irony in The Early Modern English Romance." Romanian Journal of English Studies 9.1(2013):303-320.

Ramgrab, Ana Iris Marques. "Meets Jane Austin : the author as character in contemporary derivative works." (2013).

Roberts, Josephine ed. The Countess of Montgomery's 'Urania'.(1995): 228

Verstynen, and A. Rose. "Revisioning Early Modern Feminism Through Pamphilia In Lady

Mary Wroth’s The First Part Of The Countess Of Montgomery’s Urania." (2013).

Pei,Feifei, Fu, Changle & Huang, Xiaolin . Jane Austen’s Views on Marriage in Pride and Prejudice.Advances in Literary Study, (2014), 2, 147-150

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