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作业代写:The financial analysis

2018-09-27 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The financial analysis,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了财务分析。财务分析报告从编写的时间来划分,可分为定期分析报告和非定期分析报告。严格的讲,财务分析报告并没有固定的格式和体裁,但要求能够反映要点、分析透彻、等要求。尽管财务分析报告没有固定格式,表现手法也不一致,但并非无规律可循。

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Financial analysis has nothing to do with mastering the essentials. Care about operation process and know operation result. Think hard and be good at summarizing. You'll be able to do it.

Be able to reflect the financial idea, comprehensive quality, expression ability and communication ability of the reporter.

Financial analysis reports can be divided into two types according to the time of preparation: regular analysis reports and non-regular analysis reports.

Periodic analysis reports can be divided into daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly and annual reports, which are specific according to the management requirements of the company.

Content written can be divided into three categories. First, comprehensive analysis report, second, special analysis report and third, project analysis report. A comprehensive analysis report is an analysis and evaluation of the company's overall operation and financial status. The special analysis report is a part of the company's operation, such as the analysis of capital flow and sales revenue variables. The project analysis report is an analysis of the bureau of the company as an independent operation project.

Strictly speaking, there is no fixed format or genre of financial analysis report, but it is required to reflect the key points, be thorough in analysis, have solid evidence, have distinct views and meet the requirements of the objects submitted.

In general, financial analysis reports should contain the following aspects: summary, explanation, analysis, evaluation and recommendation. It's usually referred to as five-paragraph. However, in the actual writing of analysis, there should be a choice based on the specific purpose and requirements, not necessarily including five parts.

In addition, financial analysis report can adopt some innovative methods in terms of expression, such as the combination of word processing and chart expression to make it easy to understand, vivid and vivid.

The first part of the summary paragraph, that is to summarize the general situation of the company, so that the financial report recipients have a comprehensive understanding of the financial analysis.

The second part is the introduction of the company's operation and financial status. This part requires the text to be expressed properly and the data to be quoted accurately. The absolute number, comparison number and composite index number can be properly used in the explanation of economic indicators. Pay special attention to the current focus of the company's operations. The company has different priorities in different stages and months, and needs different financial analysis focuses. If the company is engaged in the production and market development of new products, the financial analysis report that all levels of the company need to analyze the cost, payment collection and profit data of new products.

The third part is the analysis of the company's operating conditions. While explaining the problem, it is also necessary to analyze the problem, find the cause and cause of the problem, so as to achieve the goal of solving the problem. Financial analysis must be well-founded, and the indicators should be detailed and decomposed, because some data in the statements are relatively vague and general, and they should be good at using tables and diagrams to highlight the contents of the analysis. Analysis of problems must be good at grasping current key points, more reflection of the company's operating focus and easy to ignore problems.

The fourth part of the evaluation paragraph, after financial statements and analysis, for operating conditions, financial status, earnings performance. Fair and objective evaluation and forecast should be given from a financial perspective. Financial evaluation should not use irresponsible language such as paradoxical, progressive, regressive and left-right. It should be conducted from both positive and negative aspects. The evaluation can be conducted separately or interspersed with the explanation part and analysis part.

That is, the opinions and opinions formed by financial staff after analyzing the operation and investment decisions, especially the improvement Suggestions for the problems existing in the operation process. It's worth noting. The recommendations in the financial analysis report should not be too abstract, but should be specific. It is better to have a set of feasible solutions.

Establish ledger and database. Accounting documents, accounting books and accounting statements are formed through accounting. However, it is often not enough to write financial analysis reports based on the data of these vouchers, books and reports. For example, when analyzing the reasons for the growth of the ratio of operating expenses to operating income, it is often necessary to analyze the relationship between income and expenses realized by different regions, different commodities and different persons in charge, but these data cannot be directly obtained from the account book. This requires analysts to do a lot of statistical work. To analyze the project by nature, use, category, region, responsible person, according to the monthly, quarterly, annual statistics. Establish a ledger so that it can be documented when preparing financial analysis reports. At present, the company's ERP software data acquisition is not a problem.

Focus on what's important. Financial personnel should make a record of major changes in business operation and financial status, and record the time, plan, budget, responsible person and influencing factors of the changes. Analyze and judge immediately if necessary. Classify and file the documents of various departments.

Focus on operations. Financial personnel should try to attend relevant meetings as much as possible to understand production, quality, market, administration, investment, financing and other various situations. Attend meetings and listen to opinions from various parties, which is conducive to financial analysis and evaluation.

Collect reports regularly. In addition to collecting some data in accounting, financial staff should also ask relevant departments of the company to timely submit available other statements, which should be carefully reviewed, timely found out and summarized, so as to form the habit of thinking more and studying more.

Most corporate financial analysis is usually done by the financial manager, but the report notes are provided by the financial staff of each position. Therefore, all financial staff should be required to develop the habit of analysis on their own work, which can not only improve personal quality, but also benefit each post to learn from each other. Only when problems are found and analyzed by each position can a comprehensive and in-depth financial analysis report be prepared.

Although the financial analysis report has no fixed format and the presentation technique is inconsistent, it is not random to follow. If the analysis work guide is established, the routine analysis project will be written, standardized and institutionalized, and a series of analysis instructions such as cash flow, sales collection, production cost, procurement cost change, etc., the result will be twice the result with half the effort.

In order to explain the quantity relation and quantity difference between financial information. The comparative analysis mainly includes the ratio between actual and budget, the ratio between current period and last year. This enterprise and the industry related enterprises ratio.

It is to reveal the changes in financial status and operating results, as well as their causes and nature, to help predict the future. The trend analysis mainly analyzes the trend of enterprise production and operation and predicts enterprise development from the change of absolute value and the change of ratio and percentage.

Factor analysis is to analyze the degree of influence of several related factors on a certain financial index, usually by means of difference analysis. From the perspective of each factor. Understanding the influence of various factors on the production and operation of an enterprise can help to make reasonable and effective decisions.

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