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北美作业代写:Enterprise investment risk

2018-09-15 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Enterprise investment risk,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了企业投资风险。投资风险是指在投资过程中或投资完成后,投资者发生经济损失和不能收回投资,无法实现预期收益的可能性。企业投资是企业发展的需要,是企业进行价值创造的必经途径。由于企业内、外部环境的不确定性,投资不可避免地存在着风险。那么对风险的控制对策的把握在当前市场条件下变得非常重要。投资的正确与否决定着企业的生存与发展。

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In the increasingly fierce market competition, enterprises will face a variety of investment risks, so risk management becomes particularly important. This paper analyzes the causes of the investment risk of the enterprise, and expounds the control countermeasures of the investment risk from the way of reducing, avoiding, dispersing the investment risk and through the whole process of budget control risk.

Investment risk refers to the possibility that investors will suffer economic losses and fail to recover their investment and fail to realize expected returns during or after the investment. Enterprise investment is the necessity of enterprise development and the only way of value creation. Whether the investment is right or not decides the survival and development of the enterprise. Due to the uncertainty of the internal and external environment of the enterprise, investment inevitably has risks. So the control strategy of risk becomes very important under the current market condition.

Investment risk refers to the possibility of economic loss, or the possibility of failing to obtain expected investment returns, that an enterprise invests in a specific object selected by it in the form of cash, physical objects, intangible assets, or purchases of stocks, bonds, and other securities. There are many reasons for investment risk, which are summarized as follows.

The financial management environment of an enterprise, also known as the financial management environment, refers to the external conditions of the enterprise that have an impact on the financial activities of the enterprise. The environment of financial management is an external constraint that is difficult to change in corporate financial decision-making. The impact of financial management environment on investment risk is mainly shown in the following aspects:

Enterprise management foundation is weak, internal control is not strict. This makes the enterprise has a great subjective randomness in decision-making and operation management, and lacks a set of standard and operational financial control methods.

The enterprise manager's management ability and management quality are poor, management thought is backward. Without incorporating financial management into the effective mechanism of enterprise management, and lacking modern financial management concepts, financial management loses its due status and role in enterprise management.

Enterprise financial personnel quality is not high, lack risk awareness. Enterprises with weak risk awareness do not manage financial risk at all, let alone set up risk management institutions. In today's increasingly fierce market competition, this is undoubtedly the fatal weakness of enterprises.

Enterprise investment includes both inward investment and outward investment. In terms of foreign investment, many enterprise investment decision makers have insufficient understanding of investment risks and blind investment, resulting in huge losses of enterprise investment and continuous financial risks. The internal investment of enterprises is mainly fixed assets investment. In the process of decision-making of investment in fixed assets, many enterprises lack of thorough system analysis the feasibility of investment projects and research, combined with the decision is based on the economic information is not comprehensive, not real and decision-makers decision-making ability is low wait for a reason, make the investment decision-making errors occur frequently, the expected return on investment projects cannot obtain, not timely recovery of investment, it also bring the huge financial risk. At the same time, there is also a lack of clear industrial development direction and scientific demonstration of project investment. First, it is one-sided to pursue "hot" industries, regardless of objective conditions and its own ability, ignoring the impact of national macro-control on enterprise development. Second, there is a lack of scientific planning and deployment of the project's investment scale, capital structure, construction cycle and capital source, and a lack of reliable prediction of the cash flow that will occur in the construction and operation of the project. Once the state has strengthened macro-control and tightened bank credit, the construction funds cannot be delivered as scheduled, enterprises will face a dilemma and even cause huge economic losses.

Because there are a lot of enterprises in small scale, the present situation of the relative lack of funds, mainly industrial investment especially inward investment, and a lot of enterprises and the lack of control the investment risk related personnel and experience, in the investment management weaknesses, often appear blind investment, repeat investment and investment management chaos, cause the unreasonable use of funds, and adverse effects on the investment of future earnings, eventually forming the investment risk of the enterprise.

Internal financial control is the enterprise financial management system is a very important and quite unique system, to make it more can give full play to its function, the enterprise should not only set up independent organizations, more important is to should according to the characteristics of the enterprise, set up a relatively complete, systematic, strong system of internal financial control to ensure efficient operation of the enterprise internal financial monitoring system. Most Chinese companies do not have an internal financial monitoring mechanism. Even if there is, the implementation of its financial supervision system is not strict. In particular, some enterprises combine management and supervision, lack of asset loss accountability system, ignore the financial discipline, fail to carry out effective restraint, and financial risks are extremely easy to occur.

In view of the causes of the above investment risks, in order to reduce the investment risks of enterprises and prevent and control the formation and expansion of investment risks, specific countermeasures can be taken:

In the face of the ever-changing investment environment, it is necessary to establish and improve relevant organizations to carry out timely and effective management of investment risks, and to employ high-quality management personnel to predict, analyze and monitor risks, so as to find and resolve risks in a timely manner. At the same time, the establishment of internal control is also an important aspect of effective control of investment risk. Enterprises should perfect corporate governance structure and improve risk control ability. Form complete business process of investment activities such as feasibility demonstration of investment plan, examination and approval of investment plan and tracking of investment project, and clarify responsibility division and authorization approval control system.

Financial early warning system is a system based on enterprise information, which monitors the potential risk in operation and management. It runs through the whole process of business activities of enterprises. Based on the financial statements, business plans and other relevant financial data of enterprises, it USES the theories of accounting, finance, enterprise management and marketing, adopts the methods of proportion analysis and mathematical model to discover the risks of enterprises and alert the operators. Monitor financial management throughout the process, and respond to any unusual signs to avoid and reduce risk losses.

The functioning of the enterprise investment risk early warning system, not only can run in the poor risk before actually happens when issued a warning, and points out that the origin of lead to deterioration in the time factor, can make policymakers in real before the crisis as soon as possible to take effective measures to cope with the situation, in order to prevent the risk of actual or minimize risk may cause damage.

As a kind of enterprise profit activity, investment is of vital significance to fund cost compensation and enterprise profit creation. According to their own development strategies and plans, and in combination with their capital status and financing possibility, an enterprise should formulate investment objectives, make investment plans, reasonably arrange the amount, structure, direction and timing of capital investment, select investment projects carefully, highlight its main business, and prudently engage in high-risk investment such as stocks or derivative financial instruments. And should control investment deadline, investment variety to reduce risk. Generally speaking, the longer the investment period, the greater the risk, so enterprises should try to choose short-term investment. When investing in securities, we should adopt the strategy of diversification, select several stocks to form the portfolio, and reduce the risk through offsetting among the risks in the portfolio.

The purpose of dispersing or transferring risk dispersing or transferring risk is to enhance the risk tolerance of investors. For example, we can spread the risk of venture capital by seeking investment partners. Participate in insurance, transfer investment risk. For highly hazardous industries, such as transportation, construction, high-altitude operations, coal mining enterprises, people often participate in insurance to prevent investment risks. The enterprise transfers some or all financial risks to others through some means, including insurance transfer and non-insurance transfer. Non-insurance transfer refers to the transfer of a specific risk to a specialized agency or department, such as some specific business to a professional company with rich experience and skills, specialized personnel and equipment to complete; When investing abroad, an enterprise may use joint venture investment to transfer part of the investment risk to other enterprises participating in the investment. For the idle assets of the enterprise, the risk of loss of the assets can be transferred to the lessee or the buyer by means of leasing or immediately selling the assets. Insurance transfer namely the enterprise is cast in insurance company with respect to certain risk, pay insurance gold. To sum up, it can greatly reduce the financial risks of the enterprise by transferring some or all of the financial risks to others.

Before making investment decision, the enterprise should prepare detailed budget according to the investment object and investment plan, and achieve scientific method and comprehensive content. In the process of investment implementation, strict budget control and accountability system should be implemented to ensure the effect of investment.

Under the market economy system, investment activities are an important part of enterprise financial work. With the rapid development of science, technology and social economy, enterprises must make certain investment whether to maintain simple reproduction or to realize expanded reproduction. The enterprise must perfect the risk management system, improve the personnel quality, in order to make the correct investment decision, through dispersing or transferring the risk and other measures to enhance the enterprise's risk tolerance, and through the preparation of the investment budget to control the whole investment process. The above measures to prevent and control investment risks are not separate and isolated from each other, but complementary and interrelated. Together, they build a "firewall" for venture investment, enabling enterprises to reduce unnecessary risks as much as possible while pursuing high profits.

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