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北美作业代写:Adorno's critique of popular culture

2018-07-31 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Adorno's critique of popular culture,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了阿多诺的大众文化批判思想。阿多诺是法兰克福学派的重要代表人物之一,其对大众文化的态度非常严厉。阿多诺对自己的美学一般思想作出了较为系统的表述,认为资本主义社会中的艺术已经呈现商品化趋势,并提出了新的审美形式和反艺术,强调了艺术的功能和自律性,也对当时的资本主义社会文化现象进行批判。

Adorno,阿多诺大众文化批判思想,essay代写,paper代写,作业代写

As one of the most important representative figure of Frankfurt school, adorno, attitude towards mass culture has all the, uncompromising castigating the attitude, in the book "aesthetic theory", to make a systematic of his aesthetic thought in general, think art has showed a trend of commercialization in the capitalist society, and puts forward a new aesthetic form and "anti-art", emphasized the function of art and self-discipline. Among them, "cultural industry" was used to replace "mass culture", which further demonstrated his criticism of the capitalist social and cultural phenomenon at that time.

One of the important theoretical contributions of Frankfurt school is the in-depth criticism of contemporary culture. Among them, as one of the most important representative figure of Frankfurt school, adorno, attitude toward mass culture compared with other members of Frankfurt school, with all the, castigating the attitude of no compromise, contrast in Benjamin, marcuse treat the optimistic attitude of mass culture, can show more adorno's unique understanding of mass culture and criticism.

After entering the 20th century, the mass culture has developed rapidly in the world and played an important role in our life. Adorno was the first thinker who paid attention to mass culture and made cultural and philosophical analysis of mass culture. Adorno's attention to mass culture is rooted in his attention to culture. The cultural concept he USES does not refer to the material and institutional level of culture, but mainly refers to the spiritual temperament level of culture. In 1936, adorno wrote "on jazz" and began his work on popular culture. With the deepening of his research, he believes that only philosophical reflection can understand the truth of art and the essential characteristics of genuine art works.

The theory of aesthetics, published in 1970, is a collection of adorno's critical theory of aesthetics. In fact, his thinking on aesthetics and art has always been the center of adorno's rational life. His early pioneering research on mass culture and music sociology has become a shining point of the critical theory. However, it was not until the theory of aesthetics that he decided to make a more systematic expression of his general thoughts on aesthetics. This summative work is in line with his previous works, from which we can find the basic beliefs that support his whole thought almost everywhere. In this book, adorno criticizes the deceptive, materialistic and ideological nature of modern vulgar art. He pointed out an undeniable fact: art is increasingly entering the field of mass consumption, and art production is increasingly being integrated and dominated by commodity production. In a sense, art ACTS as a consolation to this world full of suffering and misfortune, and people are willing to be cheated by artistic illusion. Due to the integration and distortion of human needs by the society, the satisfaction people get from art is only a false satisfaction, a kind of deprivation of human rights. It can be seen that thinking about the relationship between art and society has always been a central part of adorno's aesthetic thoughts, in which he inherited the tradition of marxism.

Adorno believed that although the art produced in the social structure and freedom consciousness of capitalism no longer depended directly on traditional customs and social forces, in fact, art was more thoroughly integrated. The reason for this is not only that art is subject to capitalist mode of production and based on reality, but more importantly, "the sociality of art is mainly because it stands on the opposite side of society", and emphasizes that "this kind of oppositional art will only appear when it becomes something self-discipline". This shows that the self-discipline of art and social heteronomy are always dialectically linked, and the self-discipline of art is often manifested through the denial of society, which indicates that art and society have been intertwined. Adorno's dominant tendency is to maintain the self-discipline of art. Only non-functional art can truly have social function, that is, criticizing reality. The self-discipline of art lies not in its content but in its unique form, that is, the aesthetic form is the most critical link in the development of art, and it has the function of criticism and negation. Therefore, form stands for freedom, while experience life stands for oppression The real form comes together with criticism in the following sense, that is, no matter where the works of art launch their self-criticism, they do so through form. Adorno attaches great importance to the cognitive function and social effect of art, and puts the outlet of art on the social critical dimension of art. Therefore, adorno became the most staunch defender of modern art. He criticizes the traditional aesthetic thought of identity with the philosophy of non-identity, advocates the combination of aesthetic reflection and artistic experience, criticizes various cultural and industrial phenomena, and escorts the modernist art.

In order to resist traditional art, western contemporary art, especially the "cultural industry", adorno put forward the concept of "anti-art", which was at first unimaginable: "since all art is secularized and transcended, all art involves enlightenment dialectics. The challenge of this dialectic is met by the development of aesthetic ideas against art. From now on, it is impossible for all art to be free from anti-art opportunities. "Modern art in general seems to rely on its own voodoo opportunity, the black character, in order to eliminate the wiccan commoditism of this disenchanted world," he stressed. It can be seen that, contrary to the image directness of traditional art and mass culture, the appreciation of beauty and the false harmonious ideal, adorno's anti-art has the characteristics of advocating the spiritual reflection of abstract form, advocating the ugly and publicizing the black ideal. Therefore, he proposed the proposition of "redemption towards illusion" : "no work of art has any content different from that given by illusion, let alone the latter in the form of illusion. Therefore, the redemption of illusion is of great importance to aesthetics. Therefore, adorno's aesthetic criticism faces up to the artistic experience in literary and artistic practice and emphasizes the combination of philosophical reflection and artistic experience, so as to ensure the critical, negative and redeeming function of artistic works.

It should be noted that adorno used the term "cultural industry" instead of "mass culture". In his 1967 review of the cultural industry, adorno said: "in our draft design, we talked about 'popular culture'. We replace this expression with "cultural industry" in order to eliminate from the outset the possibility of the following interpretation by its advocates: it is similar to a cultural problem that arises consciously from the mass itself and from the current form of popular art. It can be seen that adorno's attack on the mass culture is actually an attack on the manipulated culture, rather than the hostility to the mass culture itself. In his opinion, the characteristics of the cultural industry are first manifested in the direct purpose of the production of cultural products in pursuit of experiential profits. Cultural goods are governed by the principle of exchange rather than by its special content and coordinating function. At the same time, the industrialization of cultural industry does not mean that the production process of cultural products is completely industrialized, but it is reflected in standardized products and rational distribution techniques. Adorno thinks, all under the monopoly of mass culture is consistent, ten million people took part in the compulsory reproduction process, the cultural industry and the reproduction process, and always in numerous places to provide standard products to meet the needs of the same, although the public in the cultural products of ubiquitous seemed to have the opportunity of free choice, but aeriform in, this choice is also be manipulated. The cultural industry brought entertainment to the public, but in fact, entertainment was a continuation of labor in the late capitalist society, and pleasure became dull and boring. The cultural industry cheats consumers by making promises to consumers. It constantly changes the activities and decoration of pleasure. However, this promise has not been fulfilled in practice. "Pleasure means to relax with all your heart, to think of nothing, to forget all your pains and sorrows. This pleasure is based on impotence. In fact, pleasure is an escape, but it is not an escape from the bad reality as people advocate, but an escape from the bad thoughts of reality. The liberation promised by recreational works is the emancipation of the mind, not the liberation of the negative.

From what has been discussed above, we could see adorno's critical theory of mass culture of contemporary science and technology development of culture means especially the effects of mass media, as well as to the changes in the contemporary capitalist society culture reflection mode, highlights the general tendency of the contemporary capitalist culture increasingly commoditized, as well as the trend of the harm of cultural undertakings, to a certain extent, to see the limits of the contemporary capitalist culture. Indeed, with the improvement of the technology, the mass media rapid development of contemporary western society, the culture industry rapidly grown into an important production department of capitalism, the commercialization of the culture and art trends continue to strengthen, the standardization of culture and modelling, commercialization, single, maneuverability and mandatory has become obvious characteristics of the contemporary capitalist culture, become a monopoly bourgeoisie defended rule, depression or calm against the ideology of the broad masses of the people. It can be seen that adorno's critical theory of mass culture exposed the contradictions and crises of late capitalism, and thus aroused wide attention from all sectors of society, especially the intelligentsia, and provided ideological weapons for the "anti-culture" movement of European and American youth in the 1960s.

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