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作业代写:History of western philosophy

2018-07-20 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- History of western philosophy,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了西方哲学史。西方哲学史是人类的精神文化宝库中一颗璀璨的明珠,他为人类的进步作出了巨大的贡献。在西方哲学史上,古希腊哲学家们最先讨论的是万物的本源问题,讨论宇宙万物是由什么演化而来的问题。因此,可以说关于自然的哲学学说是哲学思维的最初历史形式。哲学史作为一门科学,它要解决的问题应是揭示历史上哲学思想发展的内在逻辑必然性,以理论思维的形式,揭示人们对世界规律的认识史。

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The history of western philosophy is a bright pearl in the treasure-house of human spirit and culture. In order to inherit this valuable spiritual wealth, we must study and study it. To effectively study and study the history of western philosophy, we must first make clear the history of philosophy as a scientific object and the law of philosophical development. Only by making clear the research object of the history of western philosophy and the law of the development of philosophy can we further study and study the history of western philosophy.

The history of philosophy is the history of philosophy. Therefore, to understand the object of study of the history of philosophy, we must understand the object of study of philosophy and its evolution.

Philosophy is a theoretical world view, and his research objects are different from other sciences. Most sciences, whether natural science, social science or human science, such as astronomy, mathematics, biology, law, etc., take a special field of the world as the research object, so their research objects are relatively certain.

In the history of western philosophy, the early ancient Greek philosophers first discussed the "origin" of everything, and studied the evolution of everything in the universe. Therefore, it can be said that natural philosophy is the original historical form of philosophical thinking. In the early days of the development of Greek philosophy, philosophy, as the literal meaning of the word "wisdom of love" in Greek literature indicates, included all knowledge. Therefore, there was no difference between philosophy and science at that time. The development of the history of western philosophy, as Engels pointed out, has also gone through two stages: collecting and arranging materials. If the history of western philosophy has been in the stage of collecting materials from the life, doctrines and commendations of famous philosophers written by Diogenes, up to the birth of Hegel's lectures on the history of philosophy. In this brilliant work, Hegel criticized the empiricism philosophy historical view of the previous philosophers. Therefore, the history of philosophy they wrote is nothing more than a jumble of philosophical opinions.

Whether people are correct about the general laws of movement and development of nature, society and thought is closely related to the answers to the following questions. The questions are: what is the nature and nature of the universe? What is the relationship between consciousness and the outside world, mind and matter? What is the nature of man? And so on. These are all important questions that philosophers discuss. One fundamental problem runs through all of these important issues, which is the relationship between thinking and being.

As a science, the history of philosophy should solve the problem of revealing the inherent logical necessity of the development of philosophy thought in history, and revealing people's knowledge history of the most general laws of nature, society and human thought in the form of theoretical thinking. Studying the law of philosophy development is the basic requirement and content of scientific philosophy. When we study western philosophy, we encounter a series of problems. For example, why did ancient Greece become the birthplace of western philosophy? Why did the Italian philosophers become the brilliant stars of the Renaissance? How did German classical philosophy become the direct theoretical source of marxist philosophy? All of this has its roots in economic truth. Generally speaking, the level of production and scientific development in a particular historical period endows the philosophy of that period with certain contents and determines the specific forms of these periods. The role of a philosopher in developing philosophy thought depends on how much he can reflect the characteristics and intentions of his time.

Philosophy is a world view expressed in theoretical form and a concentrated expression of the fundamental interests of different classes in ideology. Generally speaking, the great philosophical struggle is the reflection of the social class struggle, and sometimes it is itself an important aspect of class struggle. In ancient Greece, Hume Crete the opposition between philosophy and philosophy of Plato, reflects the new progress of industry and commerce with the decay of the slave owners, reactionary political struggle in the noble effort: Renaissance humanism and science materialism reflects the emerging bourgeois with the dominant class struggle between the feudal nobles and monks, modern with empiricism and rationalism of the rising bourgeoisie as a critique of feudalism political ruling thought weapon. Is decided and restricted not only by economic and political philosophy, and which, in turn, give them a huge impact, home active part in the revolution of philosophy is a philosophy, economically backward countries tend to "play the first violin" in philosophy, philosophy revolution is often the precursor of what became the political revolution, this is the outstanding performance of the relative independence of the development of the philosophy.

The history of philosophy is developed in various contradictions which he has, so he is the development history of living and multifaceted philosophy thought, whose development is advancing in waves. Philosophy revolves around man's understanding of the general laws of nature, society and thought, and develops constantly around the contradictions between thought and existence as well as a series of other contradictions. These contradictions, belongs to a higher level of contradictions are mainly of materialism and idealism, dialectics and metaphysics to the unity of opposites: belongs to the lower level there are monism and dualism, pluralism, the contradiction between known and unknown, rationalism and empiricism, rationalism and irrationalism and anti rationalism, optimism and pessimism, enterprising spirit and inaction, the unity of opposites, the unity of opposites have in the process of quantitative change and qualitative change, affirmation and negation, criticism and inheritance, forward and backward, truth and error, the theory and practice, situation and content, and other forms. As a general trend, it advances, but it is achieved by the negation of negation, so that development is always zigzag, wavy, spiraling, that is, a series of circles have appeared.

To sum up, philosophy in its more than 2000 years of history, its change and development is extremely complex. Nevertheless, like any other phenomenon of human society, its development and change follow certain rules. According to the above laws revealed by the general principles of marxist philosophy, it is of guiding significance for us to study and study the history of philosophy. Only by mastering and learning these laws can we study the history of western philosophy better.

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