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北美作业代写:Human design

2018-04-27 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Human design,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了人类设计。人类设计是人类的实践活动,人工物即是这类活动的物化载体,考察人工物这种物质形态可以很好地揭示人类设计活动中的矛盾性以及安全隐患。任何一类形态的物质,都有个体与群体之分。对于一般物质,个体就是质的规定性,群体就是个体量的集合体。对于生命物质,个体就是生物个体,群体则是各类生物群落。但是,个体和群体并不是割裂的,而是密切相关的。

Human design,人类设计,论文代写,paper代写,北美作业代写

Human design is the practice of human activities, human is the materialized carrier of this type of activity, the study of artificial thing this kind of material form is a good way to find out the hidden dangers for safety and contradiction in human design activities. Any form of matter has an individual and a group. For the general substance, the individual is qualitative, and the group is the aggregate of individual quantity. For the living matter, the individual is the organism, the group is the various biological community. However, individuals and groups are not divided, but are closely related. "Without individuals, there is no group, because groups are formed by individuals, so groups are individuals. In the same way, there are no individuals, and individuals are in groups, and individuals are in groups.

Individual and group relations is human form the society have been discussed by thinkers, both rely on each other and contradiction of state can profoundly affect the development of human beings since the ancient times. Wen-guang feng from the concept of "distance" to illustrate the relationship between individuals and other individuals, "all the individual life to maintain a certain distance with other individuals, the most direct reason is that in order to survive. The carnivores want to shorten the distance between the prey and the prey so that they can finally catch it and eat it. The captured object seeks to expand the distance between the hunter and the hunter in order to maintain his own life. ...... In primitive times human must strengthen the tightness between individuals, narrow the distance between the individual and individual, so as to deal with power and speed are far more than the National People's Congress of the beast, it is in order to meet the needs of the eating. In the same way, for the sake of safety, hominids must shorten the distance between individuals and improve their closeness and collectivity, so as to ensure their own safety in the face of natural forces. However, as individual animals, each person has the need to distance himself from others. Therefore, the distance between people is diverse and the causes are diverse. Feng mainly talks about two reasons, "one is biological. Humans are first and foremost animals, and animals always have a natural wariness about the outside world. Any direct touch or scratch will cause the animal's fear. The same is true of people, and there is a sense of fear when touched. The need for human survival, the need for security and the need for dignity all require a certain distance between people. ...... Faced with the inevitable forces of nature and fierce beasts, people are filled with fear in the face of death. The way to overcome this fear is to strengthen the closeness and shorten the distance. So the need for individual privacy security and the need to deal with a common threat is pushing people to move between increasing and narrowing the distance from others. The swing has prompted the contradiction between human product presents an objective: for the former, human clothing, construction is a typical artificial objects, clothing to the human body directly privacy wrapped, wrapped together and individual private psychology, building by separate room to maintain the privacy of individual needs; For the latter, all human designs are designed to be used for the development of the frontier, and the artificial objects that deal with the external life and the environment fall into this category. The mobile phone, as a modern human product, shows the flexibility needed to adapt to the distance between individuals. On the one hand, it belongs to the private products of the individual, which is developed for private conversations. On the other hand, it has the function of long-distance communication, which can shorten the distance between individuals at any time.

Huntington, Samuel have maps, for example when it comes to human design and the relationship between individuals, he said: "each pattern or map is an abstract, but also for some more useful than some other purposes. ...... Without a map, we would be lost. The more detailed a map is, the more it reflects reality. However, an overly detailed map is not useful for many purposes. If we want to be along the highway from one city to another city, we do not need to include many has nothing to do with the motor transport information maps, because in this map, the main road is submerged in the large amounts of complex secondary roads, we may find that this map is confused. On the other hand, a only a motorway map, may eliminate many realities, and limit our ability to find alternative way, if the highway is serious traffic accident." This case is on the one hand reflects the relationship between the individual users and designers, namely from the perspective of practice, human design produce relationship between individuals, but the designer, the concept of individual mode is not necessarily the same as the users of the concept of individual patterns, or individual users may not understand the user needs, and this is caused by human design depends on the individual character, also is the main characteristic of traditional human products. On the other hand, this case also reflects the relationship between the user and the user group, namely, from the perspective of theory, human design is the relationship between the user and the user group. Due to production design products do not understand the product users, designers individual can only assume the user, then he faces is a fuzzy group in the name of "user" actually, such a design premise the corollary of design results - products targeted. It should be realized that human design cannot and should not be responsible for all human affairs. Instead of making decisions for human beings, it should be reserved for human beings to think about space. But it is at a loss for the product, because designers feel disoriented, for some people, some things, they must be designed to substitute the human height of products, and for others in other things, people don't need that active products. In other words, in some cases, people need to be more involved in their relationships with the outside world; In some cases, people don't want the product to get too involved in the person's contact with the outside. But the product does not have the wisdom of thinking, so at this time, the product will make some mistake to the person, also can cause the person's insecurity.

In fact, the individual and the group are mutually reinforcing and contradictory, and the commonality of any group is carried out to each individual, and any individual is affected by the will of the group. For the human society, the development of the group seems to be systematic, planning, human has both on the settlement, city planning and design, there are also on the whole social development long-term planning and strategy; But individual as specific practitioners, contingency factors in its behavior and behavior results, it is very difficult to control even predicted that this kind of individuality of human design implementation is artificial things safe hidden trouble, it also have the chance to human safety. From the history of human design of vertical and horizontal regional comparison, in the macro level, "individuals will share the inheritance of the culture of the design, maintain and develop the regional design culture of responsibility. But at the micro level, this is reflected in each individual, which makes the design of the road full of contingency. The individual here, the ancient name of the craftsman, is now called the designer, and it is entirely possible that the design art of this nation and the region deviated from the normal track because of selfish interests. "It's becoming more and more obvious these days... Or keep the original life, continue to go on the way to in the design of the self, or abandoned or modified the design of the self, to make it more close to the design of the "advanced", the name is more scientific, the life convenience, is famous, economic profit." It is these reasons that artificial material design and use of the individual plays a very important role, especially in the history of design, some key individual designers often plays an immeasurable impact on the development of artificial objects.

Because every practice of human society is completed by specific individuals, so is that all the individual behavior of every little makes a mickle formed the force of social development, Paul levinson explains: "the emphasis on the individual, that is because any knowledge, every bit of knowledge about all originated from a brain, any thought flashed at the moment, always originated as a brain." Thus, "every brain has the potential to use technology to reflect ideas and to change the course of the universe and evolution." However, any individual's brain work on existing social conditions, these conditions each are not identical, probably is to promote, is also likely to prevent individual thinking and decision, this influence often also play a decisive role, it will need to investigate the social impact of modern human society and of how modern products and played a role.

Before examining the relationship between the individual and the group, we need to distinguish between the concept of tools and machines. Generally speaking, tools and machines are considered as human products and sometimes as tools. But here, in order to illustrate the modern product's strengthening of the individual, we need to divide the scope of tools and machines. Let "tools" to refer to the traditional products, and "machine" to refer to modern product, so that the modern and traditional products and the different individuals, this involves the security of the individual, to a certain extent. Hannah arendt is analysis of the difference between the two like this: "the people are adapting to or require special methods to adapt to the use of tools, that people have never had a doubt, people have to adapt yourself to the flexible use of his hands. ...... Don't like art tools, machine in labor process every moment is in the hands of his servants, on the contrary, the machine ask laborer for its service, workers need to adjust the body's natural rhythm of movement to adapt to the machine movement. This is enough to show that people thus became the slave of the invention of the machine, but it does mean that, as long as people continue to work on the machine, the mechanical movement will replace the body's natural movement. As a result, even the most sophisticated tools, because of its hands, cannot manipulate or replace people therefore also however is for people to use the slave, however, even the most primitive machine, also dominated the human labor, and eventually replace it." ... The logic of arendt's exposition is clear, and it can be seen that the central meaning is that as a product of human beings, in traditional artificial objects, people control products and the individual occupies the position of the subject. But in modern artificial object is the product, because the machine is behind as group name, group users oriented management, it directly led to the modern artificial objects to users' individual social trends. Many social scholars and psychologists have discussed the interaction between individual will and social will. The famous psychologist, feng tian, discusses the universal relationship between individual will and group will. "the general will of a society is merely the expression of a large number of individual will. Individuals and their random activities are contained in the concentric circles of an increasingly general will. The first is the general will of the small society which is directly subordinated to it; Then the individual with the general will of this small society is subordinate to the larger social will; Then, individuals with this larger social will belong to a more comprehensive will.

In the industrial society, the organization of human society further strengthens the individual from spirit to body. Individuals are limited to a certain link in social production activities, which made him unable to complete the survival needs of the entire production activities by itself, by such a social organization, modern society actually ruled out the possibility of individuals living alone. Individuals can participate in the life of the production data very small part of his body survival needs is a complete human product production chain, so the modern countries has brought by individual body group to strengthen cohesion, regime is firmer, stronger individual dependence to the government. In terms of human design, the traditional human product manual, as if just is the appearance of the products from humble, single function, easy fabrication, convenient maintenance, actually behind the product is human life is relatively simple and organization is relatively simple, the traditional type of life that the individual is more like a natural person. Modern industrial and human design of artificial objects, although look rich in goods, variety, full of beautiful things in eyes, but it is the production of the elaboration and the characteristics of the industrial division of labor makes the individual has lost a few natural person, individual indulge in to make elegant, feature-rich products play, seems to be the individual's possession of material surface, the essence of natural rights of individuals to give up. This is an interesting phenomenon in which the product promotes the formation of individual non-independent personalities.

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