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作业代写:Improve the effectiveness of financial analysis

2018-03-06 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Improve the effectiveness of financial analysis,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了提升财务分析的有效性。近年来,市场经济的环境在逐渐的改变,企业的竞争也在愈演愈烈,所以财务管理的作用也越来越明显。财务分析是财务管理的一种手段,所以对财务分析也越来越重视。通过财务分析,我们可以了解到公司的财务情况以及经营的效果,还可以进一步地了解到财务报告中的各项变动内容,以及变动对公司的影响,这样有利于管理者做出正确的决策。要想提升财务分析的有效性,最重要的一点就是要优化之前的财务分析模式,建立起一个多元化的分析模式。

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Through financial analysis, we can understand the company's financial situation and the effectiveness of the operation, but also to further understand the financial reports of the changes in the content, as well as the impact of the changes to the company, so that the manager to make the right decision. The financial analysis includes the following points:

The ability of borrowers to repay their debts is what we call solvency. The solvency can be divided into long-term solvency and short-term solvency. Long-term solvency, which refers to the ability of the enterprise to repay the long-term debt, so it can reflect the stability of the financial situation of the enterprise, and it can also reflect the degree of security of corporate finance. For long-term solvency, there are four indicators of analysis, including asset-liability ratio, equity ratio, liabilities and tangible net assets ratio and interest protection multiples. The short-term solvency refers to whether the firm's liquidity liabilities can be repaid by the firm's liquidity assets, and it can also be used to reflect the financial situation of the enterprise. But it mainly reflects the turnover ability of the enterprise's liquidity. We usually use the ratio analysis method to analyze the short-term solvency.

The success of the company's development is an important symbol of profitability. Profitability can ensure a balanced and orderly development of the company, can also be used to reflect the company's business capabilities, "per capita gross margin" and "gross margin" is our usual measure of profitability of the two ways.

The analysis of operational capability mainly includes the analysis of management level of managers and the ability of managers to use their assets. In other words, operational capacity analysis is mainly to analyze the efficiency of asset utilization. Usually consists of four aspects, the turnover rate of receivables, the turnover rate of total assets, the turnover rate of fixed assets and the turnover rate of inventory.

We usually refer to the amount of cash and cash equivalents of an enterprise as cash flow. Cash flow mainly includes three aspects, such as cash flow of investment activities, cash flow of operating activities and cash flow of fund-raising activities. We usually make a cash flow statement in order to understand the impact of different kinds of activities on the financial situation in time. This table is mainly for the investment, financing, operation and other activities of the classification report. Through the analysis of the cash flow, the enterprise can make a correct evaluation to the enterprise's ability to obtain cash, solvency, quality of income, investment and fund-raising activities.

Enterprises need to develop, development is bound to constantly improve their scientific and technological innovation ability, as well as through the operation of expanding their own scale, so the enterprise to carry out the analysis of the ability to grow is very necessary. such as profit growth rate, cash growth rate and net asset growth rate, etc., are the category of enterprise growth ability analysis.

Some enterprises of financial analysis methods are relatively backward, generally using comparative analysis and ratio analysis method of these two. These two methods can only reflect the business past some of the business situation, and can not well reflect the specific situation of the current enterprise. Just compare yourself to the past and the same period. Therefore, the effectiveness of this analysis model is very poor. And, analysts in the analysis of the report, the business may not occur, using some outdated and unrepresentative data to analyze, so as to judge the current operation of the enterprise, so that the results of the lack of authenticity of the report, not enough to convince people.

From the current enterprise environment, the relevant staff to carry out financial analysis of the information used by the enterprise a specific period of several reports, according to the only several reports, staff began to carry out financial analysis, calculation of the relevant ratios, trends and so on. It is noteworthy that the statement is based on accounting methods produced, only reflect the relevant information monetization. If only rely on the monetary information to reflect the enterprise indicators, is not reliable, with great limitations. Therefore, in the financial analysis, as the current economic environment changes quickly, we should combine some non-monetary information, such as the specific business situation of the enterprise, to analyze the indicators of the enterprise.

The analysis results of the current financial analysis methods are the reflection of the current situation of the enterprise, and can not predict the future development of the company in the risk, nor for the future development of the company to make corresponding guidance measures. Now the analysis methods used by enterprises are based on the company's statements and other indicators to carry out, is the completion of the financial work with the results of the analysis, which led to the analysis results can not reflect the future development of enterprises, but also can not predict the future risks, will not be able to provide some measures for the future development of enterprises. This limitation will affect the development of the financial management of enterprises, but also to a certain extent, to restrict the growth of enterprises.

To improve the effectiveness of financial analysis, the most important thing is to optimize the previous financial analysis model, establish a diversified analysis model. In the new financial analysis, four methods, such as comparative analysis, ratio analysis, factor analysis and trend analysis, should be used to process the data. Using this four-dimensional analysis method, can meet the business needs of enterprises. In order to fully reflect the business situation and the financial situation of the enterprise, the analysis staff can make use of DuPont's financial Analysis system and wall weighting method to sum up the enterprise's development ability, operation ability and solvency etc. This can comprehensively reflect the economic benefits of enterprises. In addition, the correlation analysis personnel should establish a multi-level financial analysis model, which should include the report analysis, the index analysis and the plan analysis and so on, based on the economic added value, the accounting statement and the marginal analysis, to carry on the comprehensive analysis to the enterprise's economic benefit. The new financial system should be able to provide a corresponding analysis report according to the different needs of different people, which can be realized through information technology, and increase the function of enterprise's query analysis. After the financial analysis method is perfected, the analysis results provided are not only the previous form of the report, but also include some very intuitive icons and clear slides.

In order to obtain satisfactory results of analysis, before the analysis, it is necessary to conduct adequate research, so as to obtain a relatively complete report data. In the process of analysis, the relevant personnel should learn to use a variety of analytical methods, so that the content can be obtained with reliability, to provide a persuasive analysis of the report. In the depth of the actual investigation, you can also find some problems in the operation of enterprises, so, in the analysis report, you can directly point out, can well reflect the problem, and help enterprises to solve the hidden dangers in a timely manner.

The financial analysis of an enterprise is a financial analysis system focusing on financial statements and financial indicators. Today's financial analysis system, mainly on the current economic situation of enterprises to make a more comprehensive analysis and evaluation. In order to predict the potential risks in the future development of the enterprise, it is necessary to include the early Warning index system in the financial Analysis system. The early warning index system, which is based on the economic characteristics of the enterprise, collects relevant materials and information, monitors the change of risk factors at all times, and then displays the changes of risk factors in the analysis report when the results are analyzed. In the financial analysis of the advantages of increasing the early warning system, can be found in the business process in advance of any anomalies, for example, through the enterprise's customer service and internal research and development capabilities of the evaluation, the business situation to make an evaluation, from the details of the prevention of risk.

In a word, in the current economic environment, enterprises must pay attention to the financial analysis work. Through the analysis of the financial activities and capabilities of the enterprise, a reasonable and scientific analysis report is worked out. So that the investors, creditors and operators of enterprises and enterprises staff can be very intuitive understanding of the basic situation of enterprises, including the past business conditions, the status of the enterprise and the future development trend. This requires us to understand the content of financial analysis, the current series of problems and some solutions and methods, so that financial personnel in the financial analysis before the adequate preparation, improve the level of analysis, promote rapid development of enterprises.

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