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作业代写:Urban ecological tourism management and construction

2018-03-03 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Urban ecological tourism management and construction,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了城市生态旅游管理与建设。在构建城市生态建设过程中,要针对城市旅游资源和发展空间的开发和有效管理,将城市其他要素空间和旅游要素进行有效的规划和组织,从而保障整个城市在生态建设的结构完整性。最后,对城市的历史文化进行有效保护,展现城市最优美的环境,同时要完善城市内的公共设施。

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In the process of constructing the index system of urban ecological construction, the following aspects should be considered. First, the development and effective management of urban tourism resources and development space; Secondly, the other elements of the city should be effectively planned and organized so as to guarantee the structural integrity of the whole city in ecological construction. Finally, the city's historical culture is effectively protected to show the most beautiful environment of the city and to improve the public facilities in the city. Considering the above factors, but the effectiveness of the protection of urban ecological tourism management and construction, promote the principle of relevant indicators, ecosystem of the city itself, sightseeing and sustainable development.

According to the relevant requirements of the scientific development concept with Chinese characteristics, the main index system includes the following points. First of all, urban ecological targets, mainly including urban tourism economy and environmental friendliness, ensure the eco-tourism, tourism and convenience of urban eco-tourism. Secondly; The scientific outlook on development mainly includes public safety and public service facilities, so as to ensure the ecological, harmonious, convenient and sustainable development of urban ecological tourism. Finally, it is necessary to build a featured eco-tourism city, which mainly includes environmental friendliness and city proper exhibition, so as to ensure the harmony, convenience and sustainability of urban eco-tourism.

In accordance with the principles of urban ecological tourist city construction and management and methods, index system of eco-tourism can draw from the cities, urban ecological construction and management of tourism central goal is to promote the sustainable development of urban tourism, which consists of two level indexes. Is one of the indicators of urban ecological construction, covering three secondary indexes, ecological and economic indexes, is the first secondary index mainly includes the following basic indicators project, the first is financial income, per capita gross domestic product per capita, urban residents per capita disposable income and per capita net income of farmers, followed by the proportion of tertiary industry to GDP, energy consumption per unit of GDP and per unit of GDP water consumption, the last is a large-scale enterprise through environmental certification ratio and shall be in proportion to the implementation of cleaner production enterprise. The second secondary index refers to the ecological environment, mainly including the following basic indicators project, the first is put water function of greening, urban per capita public green land, and proper coverage, followed by the sewage treatment, noise DaBiao District hazard-free treatment rate of coverage, garbage and waste resource utilization rate, the last is the main pollutant emission reduction index and urban air quality, including urban air quality is to be equal to or better than grade 2 standard number of days per year. Third secondary index refers to the social ecosystem, mainly including the following basic indicators, first is the level of urbanization, the density of road network, public transit rate and higher education gross enrollment ratio, followed by the per capita area of land for public service facilities, city population size and structure, the last is the lifeline engineering pipe, shelter land per capita, per ten thousand people with medical beds and nine-year compulsory education schools and the service radius.

The second secondary index is the construction of urban tourism, covering three secondary indexes, one of the first secondary index is tourism economic indicators, mainly includes the following basic indicators, the first is the added value of tourism revenues accounted for the proportion of GDP, tourism city city to the proportion of GDP, the proportion of the total employment population and tourism practitioners, the second is the tourism market supply and demand coordination degree, coordination degree of the tourism industry structure and tourist foreign exchange income. The second secondary index is tourism management indicators, mainly includes the following basic indicators, first is the total land area of tourism and the protection of the tourism landscape, followed by the construction of tourism infrastructure and tourism environment success rate. Third secondary indicators is the tourism resources, mainly including the following basic indicators, the first is the unique tourism resources and tourism resources of reputation, the second is the reputation of tourism resources and the number of tourist attractions.

The goal of urban ecotourism management is to reduce the social cost of urban tourism, so as to achieve the maximum economic benefit balance. Urban eco-tourism mainly sets the following goals. In the process of constructing urban ecological tour, to take advantage of related tourism activities, satisfy people's travel demand, therefore, in view of the tourist group experience and experience to create inspiration and participatory tourism projects. Improve economic efficiency is one of the main purpose of urban ecotourism development effective, if not improve target of urban economic benefit, is difficult to rely on urban tourism to drive economic development, to protect the urban environment also can not get effective economic support. City is a place for urban residents live, therefore, to city tourism development process, always focus on the city's ecological development process, thereby reducing the influence of the ecological environment caused by tourism city, in the heart of the management process to obtain the economic benefits of the and the balance of ecological environment protection effectively.

In urban ecological tourism management process, the first measure to implement the management, into the measure in the management, so as to promote the urban tourism ecological management breakthrough from the ideas and concepts, adjust according to the actual situation of city development. In the process of the implementation of urban ecological tourism management and construction, many of these indicators is bound to involve the relevant stakeholders, therefore, to ensure the smooth progress of the construction and management of government departments should undertake appropriate access, gives corresponding legal effect, the urban ecological laws and regulations of relevant items belonging to the tourism, so as to guarantee the sustainable development of urban tourism projects. Urban ecological tourism management information transmission principle, in the implementation of the construction of urban ecological tourism and management process, to promote the formation of environmental awareness, the relevant departments and agencies to take on the spread of consciousness of environmental protection work, such as the associated network publicity and academic research, to strengthen the availability of information, make different groups to realize the importance of urban environmental protection.

In the process of implementing ecological tourism management, the relevant enterprises and urban residents, tourists are the main management main body, in the process of management, the responsibilities of different main body and behavior is different, as shown in table 1.

In urban ecological tourism management in the process of exploring, using different management means and ways, which will be the main body power play, one of the government department for the main management role, to manage the dominant status of different subject to constraints and guidance.

Urban ecotourism is an important part of ecological tourism, in the process of actual practice not only highlights the ecological tourism management has a problem, but also shows the special problems of urban ecological tourism, and so on the analysis of the urban ecological tourism special problems and explore, construction of urban ecological tourism management and has important function and meaning.

Ecological tourism resources in the city, in the process of development and protection in many parts of the city is the lack of long-term goal, urban ecological tourism resources were some damage, not only influence the development of the whole of the ecological tourism, but also not conducive to the sustainable development of ecological tourism city, a lot of unclear understanding of the connotation of ecological tourism city, to the local economic benefits, in the timing of the immature blind exploitation of tourism resources, cause serious damage to urban ecological tourism resources and abuse.

In the process of developing urban eco-tourism, some urban residents are less active in urban eco-tourism, which is one of the important reasons for the slow development of urban eco-tourism. In abroad, for example, many urban residents participation in urban ecological tourism development is very high, can not only search for effective in ecological system of living space, at the same time be able to operate the project itself into the urban development, not only promoted the economic development of the cities, as well as the protection of the local tourism resources and development played a important role and significance of the part of the ecological tourism development better state, in view of the city ecotourism introduced relevant policies and norms, safeguard the rights of urban residents to participate in the urban ecological tourism, guarantee the residents in the city of ecological tourism construction and management process to obtain the corresponding profits, effectively promoted the development of the urban ecological tourism.

Urban eco-tourism is not supported by relevant industries. In the process of developing urban ecological tourism, need to cooperate with each other and different industry, as part of the ecological tourism, urban ecological tourism has the role of leading industry in the city development, so to interaction and related industry, thereby giving impetus to the development of different industries, build an effective industrial chain, so as to reflect the function and significance of the urban ecological tourism to the urban development, but parts of the city's ecological tourism development can not get the support of relevant industries, the effective construction and management for ecotourism has brought some challenges.

With the rapid development of social economy, the traditional tourism management mechanism has been difficult to adapt to the development of the tourism, such as relatively backward in terms of construction and management mechanism, the concept of management and construction is old and in the process of development and management of tourism resources is difficult to play an effective role, etc. Economic activity is an open system, so a lot of industrial and mining enterprises to set up near the scenic spots, the production process of waste emissions in the tourist zone, caused serious influence the quality of tourism environment. Aiming at this situation, due to the imperfect parts of related management policy, resulting in some difficulty on the management, although some enterprises gave a certain amount of economic compensation, but neglected the environmental pollution problem. In terms of urban ecological tourism laws and regulations to be perfect, cause in the process of urban construction and tourism management, the development of related departments and staff can not get effective constraint, regardless of in the process of the development of tourism resources protection of tourism resources, tourism resources and the environment can not get effective protection, even in some parts of the law can play an effective role, but a lot of related departments in execution is not strict, very small, in violation of laws and regulations of the parties can not get effective discipline, to has a bad influence on protection and development of tourism resources.

In the process of urban tourism construction and management, brand management occupies an important role and status, which mainly involves the following management contents. First of all, tourism brand culture management is mainly aimed at the value orientation of tourism brands and the establishment of brand image, while using the media to carry out multi-directional publicity. Secondly, brand quality management, namely, the service quality of urban tourism scenic spots is unified and managed to ensure that it has a good brand image. Finally, brand equity and relationship management, asset management refers to the use of law to protect the rights and interests of brands, and relationship management refers to effective management of customers and social public relations.

In the process of the implementation of urban ecological tourism management and construction, many areas such as excessive resources development situation, lead to tourism resources scientific management, has a certain on the local ecological environment destruction, to this, must carry on the effective innovation. First of all, we should actively learn the advanced management experience of foreign countries, reform the traditional management mechanism, and manage the scenic spots through hierarchical classification. Secondly, on the ecological resources to carry on the reasonable development, before the construction must carry on the comprehensive investigation and evaluation, such as employing relevant experts and scholars, study to avoid misuse of resources. Finally, the ecological construction and management of the scenic spot should be ensured, and the city's scenic spots should be managed in a comprehensive way according to relevant regulations and indicators.

Urban ecological tourism management level has been effectively promoted, many parts of the more advanced management mode, has been applied to urban construction and development of ecological tourism in China has important influence. In this regard, we should further explore the advanced management mode, maintain the development of urban ecological tourism, and create a good living and tourism environment for people.

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