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美国作业代写:Accounting information System

2018-02-07 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Accounting information System,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了会计信息系统。会计系统作为一个信息系统,在现代的企业管理中突现出其重要性,对内能够提供经营管理的诸多信息,对外可以向投资者、债权人等提供用于投资等决策。我们必须从企业实际情况出发,通过有效的制度措施,规范财务风险,维护资产完整性,提高资金使用效率,有利于提高企业经营管理水平和风险防范能力,促进企业可持续发展,维护经济秩序和社会公众利益。

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Through the accounting control of the enterprise, it is helpful to help the enterprise to find and evaluate the important risk factors, to promote the enterprise to improve the risk management system and to improve the risk prevention ability.

Accounting system control as a powerful tool to achieve internal control of enterprises. In order to realize the internal control goal, it is necessary to control the operation process of the enterprise, to promote its activity direction and to meet the requirement of the internal control goal, which can make use of the particularity of the internal accounting control, exert the influence that other internal control means cannot replace, in order to reach the predetermined target.

Accounting system is an important support system for the formulation and implementation of enterprise development strategy. The foundation of the Enterprise Development Strategy is the objective evaluation of the enterprise's present situation, therefore, the financial reporting system that accurately reflects the enterprise's operating condition is one of the important information sources to formulate the enterprise development strategy. Only by seeking the reasonable allocation and effective use of enterprise capital, improving the efficiency of capital operation and enhancing the competitive advantage of enterprises, can we finally realize the strategy of enterprise development.

Real and effective accounting information can help users to correctly and reasonably evaluate the quality of assets, solvency, profitability and operational efficiency, and make the right decision. Investors can make effective and rational investment decisions according to the relevant accounting information; The creditor can judge whether the enterprise can repay the loan principal and interest on time and repay the debts due on schedule, by the evaluation of the enterprise's accounting information; the Government and relevant departments need to judge the reasonable distribution of social resources according to accounting information of enterprises Whether the order of market economy is fair and orderly, whether macroeconomic control is effective or not, the public also cares whether the development of enterprises contributes to the society. Therefore, accounting information should meet the needs of users.

If not set incompatible job separation control or set unreasonable, the division of responsibilities of the job is not clear, so that incompatible posts and positions can not be mutual supervision, mutual restraint, the effectiveness of the mechanism of checks and balances.

Some accountants disregard the financial discipline, for personal interests, in the financial work fraud, malicious tampering with financial accounting information, resulting in financial information distortion, financial statements distorted, the financial and economic cases have occurred, to the community caused great harm.

"Leading a pen, Yiyantang" so that the enterprise system in the power of the face into dead, the pale and feeble. Major matters do not pass the collective resolution and the joint signing system, or arbitrarily tamper with the collective decision-making, subordinate staff is to the leadership, put the system to nine crumbs cloud outside.

With the realization of computerized accounting, accounting data are generally concentrated by the computer system processing, and the financial department staff are often only responsible for the original data collection, audit and coding, and the computer output of various financial statements analysis. In the computerized accounting system, its control function is weakened, and some transactions have little trace to bring certain difficulty to the control. Enterprises should strengthen the centralized management of accounting information system, strengthen the management of information system operation and maintenance, set up information system change management process, prohibit the operator unauthorized to the System software deletion, modification and other operations, not unauthorized upgrade, change the software version, not arbitrarily change the system environment of this configuration; regular backups of system data.

The enterprise should take the professional morals accomplishment and the professional competence as the important standard of selecting and employing personnel, strengthening the staff training and continuing education, improving the staff's quality continuously. Accounting staff should first have a wealth of theoretical knowledge, practical experience, but also to have a good moral ethics of the professional conduct; Secondly, the accountants should be trained regularly or irregularly, and strengthen their adherence to the accounting system and professional ethics; Finally, strengthen the accounting staff to carry out assessment and incentive to enhance their sense of responsibility.

Budget management is an important part of enterprise accounting system Management. The unreasonable and unscientific budgeting may lead to the waste of resources or the goal of the enterprise, the budget execution is not and the examination is lax, which may lead to the mere formality of budget management. Enterprises should strengthen the pre-management, establish and build the whole budgeting system, pay attention to the scientific and feasible budget, strict budget implementation and control, form a comprehensive budget implementation responsibility system;

The internal audit participates in the risk management is the enterprise development request, is the Enterprise accountancy system risk control one of necessary means. Accounting activities reflect the whole process of enterprise economic activity, the internal audit plays an important role in the enterprise risk management, they understand the risk factors that the enterprise faces, have the management experience of identification, analysis and control, which is advantageous to combine the resources and results of internal audit with the enterprise accounting system control; Internal audit has relative independence, From the overall point of view, the objective of the accounting system risk identification, timely advice to enterprises to take appropriate measures; Internal Audit Department's opinion and suggestion more easy to arouse the attention of management, internal audit Department's independence, make it have special report way, be advantageous to strengthen enterprise management layer of emphasis layer. The independent perspective and professional level of the Internal Audit department make the report more unique and objective, and more easily adopted.

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