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留学生作业代写:Chinese Medicine Management System

2017-11-17 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Chinese Medicine Management System,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了中医药管理体制。随着医疗体系的改革和西医主导地位的确立,中医药行业管理机制中存在的问题开始显现,影响了整个中医药行业的发展。因此,推进中医药管理体制改革,形成系统的中医药管理体制和管理构架,是目前中医药改革的第一重任。

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This paper expounds the problems existing in the management system of traditional Chinese medicine, and holds that the problems of the administrative subject are not clear, the management system is imperfect, the management echelon is not perfect, and the matching system does not match, which restricts the development of TCM. Put forward the cause of Chinese medicine to rise to the national strategic height, clear the reform ideas, form the development force, in the Sound Management organization system, promote the "People's Republic of China Traditional Chinese Medicine law" smooth implementation, perfect talent training mechanism and so on, to promote the continued healthy development of Chinese medicine industry.

Chinese medicine is the treasure of the Millennium heritage of the Chinese nation, is thousands of years of our ancestors in the suspension of the healing process of the wisdom of the crystallization and accumulation of experience, is the essence of our traditional culture and the precious wealth that predecessors left us, for the prosperity of the Chinese nation has made great contributions. After thousands of years of countless Chinese medicine Master's exploration and summary, gradually formed a system of Chinese medicine theory system. After the founding of the New China in 1949, Chinese medicine has taken up the responsibility of saving lives and helped to establish a new China's initial medical system, a group of Chinese medicine professionals to stand out, the entire industry into a prosperous period.

With the reform of medical system and the establishment of the leading position of Western medicine, the problems in the management mechanism of Chinese medicine industry begin to appear and affect the development of the whole Chinese medicine industry. Therefore, it is the first task for Chinese Medicine reform to promote the reform of Chinese medicine management system and to form a systematic Chinese medicine administration system and management framework.

After the founding of the New China in 1949, the development of Chinese medicine has received the attention of all levels and government of our country. Comrade Mao Zedong has interviewed the representative of Chinese medicine industry many times, highly praised the outstanding contribution made by Chinese medicine during the war of Resistance against Japan and Liberation of China, and pointed out that the development of Chinese medicine industry is an important cornerstone of our country's development, which can make an important contribution to improve the health environment of hundreds of millions of people The main task of Chinese medicine is to get rapid development, to make it take care of the people and to elevate the medical level of the masses. In the 1958, Comrade Mao Zedong had instructed that Chinese medicine was a huge treasure left to us by our ancestors, and that we should fully excavate and strive to improve the level of TCM medicine. Under the guidance of the CPC Central Committee, Chinese medical system appeared in the three of TCM, Western medicine and western medicine.

1954, the Ministry of Health in the "Report on the strengthening of the work of Chinese Medicine" pointed out: "There are still a lot of problems in Chinese medicine, so we should strengthen the study and study of Chinese medicine, explore the essence of TCM, and set up a Chinese medical college to train specialized Chinese medicine talents, reserve a large number of Promote the development of Chinese medicine. and started the construction of Chinese Medicine management system, which formed a perfect framework of Chinese medicine management system.

After the reform and opening up, the Chinese medicine cause regain the attention of the party and the state, and began to step into the development fast lane. In the two reports on the decision on health and the planning of the national Economic and Social Development Decade and the 11th five-year plan, our country has clearly put forward the development strategy of "both Chinese and Western medicine", and established the status of TCM for the first time, and has become an effective guarantee policy to promote the vigorous development of

In order to promote the healthy development of Chinese Medicine, the State Council has established the management system of Chinese Medicine by establishing Supervision Department, supervising system and legal construction, and has set up a complete developing and managing framework of TCM undertakings, and promoted the healthy development of Chinese medicine. 1988, the State Council specifically approved the establishment of the State administration of Chinese Medicine, affiliated with the Ministry of Health, become the highest administrative body of Chinese Medicine management, responsible for the management of the national Development of Chinese Medicine. In 2003, the State Council promulgated the Chinese Medicine regulations of the People's Republic of China, which is the first administrative regulation for the Chinese Medicine industry, regulates the practice rules of TCM in law, and provides the legal basis for guaranteeing the healthy and orderly development of Chinese medicine. At the same time, local governments also specifically aimed at the development of Chinese medicine in the area, promulgated a series of rules and regulations, the development of Chinese medicine comprehensive access to policy protection. The party's 18-year plenary put forward: "Improve the development of Chinese medicine policy and mechanism", for the development of Chinese medicine pointed to the direction of December 25, 2016, the 12th session of the NPC Standing Committee 25th meeting passed the Chinese Medicine law of the People's Republic of China, the first Chinese medicine in the special law , will be formally implemented on July 1, 2017, will provide legal guarantee for the reform and Development of Chinese medicine management system.

The traditional Chinese medicine industry in Taiwan and mainland China is the same, and is limited by all kinds of realistic factors, and the Chinese Medicine management system in Taiwan has gradually formed its own characteristics in the continuous development. Understanding the management system of Chinese Medicine in Taiwan can provide reference for the reform and perfection of Chinese Traditional medicine management system.

Taiwan area in the "Executive Yuan" specifically set up a "Department of Health", the management of Chinese medicine is one of its functions, responsible for the establishment of TCM medical institutions Standards, review of Chinese Medicine industry practitioners qualifications, and the introduction of Chinese medicine practitioners standards to standardize the management of practitioners. At the same time, in view of the characteristics of Chinese Medicine industry talent demand, developed a set of Chinese Medicine talent Training system, expanded the Chinese Medicine industry talent Reserve. In addition, a special Committee on Chinese Medicine has been set up to promote the modernization, internationalization and integration of Chinese and Western medicine to promote Chinese medicine to the world.

In the management of Chinese medicine, Taiwan has set up a "Department of Health Administration", one of its functions is to strengthen the production of Chinese medicine, procurement and use of all aspects of supervision, through the introduction of a series of Chinese medicine production norms, procurement norms and the use of norms, so that Chinese medicine from production to use the entire process is under transparent supervision It can avoid major medical accidents due to drug problems and promote the healthy development of Chinese medicine in Taiwan.

As a result of the long period of occupation by the British colonial government, the Hong Kong British colony did not attach importance to the management of the cause of Chinese medicine, and Western medicine had a dominant position. 1997 years later, the Chinese medicine industry in Hong Kong was gradually on the right track, and in 1999, the Chinese Medicine Administration Committee was set up to clarify the functions of Chinese medicine, and to promote the orderly and healthy development of Chinese medicine in Hong Kong by establishing and perfecting laws, regulations, personnel training, scientific research and drug production.

With the establishment of the leading position of traditional Chinese and western medicine in medical system, the trend of heavy Western medicine and light Traditional Chinese medicine is becoming more and more serious, and it is difficult to effectively implement a series of traditional Chinese medicine supporting policies in the State Council with Western medicine mode, which restricts the development of TCM.

The main problem in Chinese Traditional medicine management system is that the management of traditional Chinese medicine is carried out separately. Chinese Medicine Administration, the State administration of Traditional Chinese medicine is the main management body, responsible for overall guidance of the Chinese medicine work, management responsibilities are more clear. The Traditional Chinese medicine management system is more vague, related responsibilities belong to the development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Industry, Forestry administration, Food and Drug Administration, Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, AQSIQ, the Chinese Medicine administration and other departments, each department has a link in the management of the The terms of reference of each sector overlap. The long management model of "Kowloon Water Control" leads to the overlapping of departmental functions, the lack of the main body of the management, the unclear responsibility of the traditional Chinese medicine, the particularity of the clinical and clinical application, and the Natural law of "medicine for medical use and medical treatment", which leads to the separation of Chinese traditional medicine and the lack of the overall development strategy of TCM, Hindered the normal development of traditional Chinese medicine, seriously affecting the development of traditional Chinese medicine.

And the central level lacks the clear management main body, the local level government also does not have the corresponding management organization to match. Although the State administration of Traditional Chinese medicine is responsible for directing the cause of Chinese medicine, the management system of local governments at all levels is loose, the lack of a fixed and effective local management mechanism, and the effective docking with the state administration of Traditional Chinese medicine, has not formed a unified management systems, policy implementation difficulties. At present, in the management of the establishment of institutions, the country has 15 provinces and municipalities set up a deputy hall-level Chinese Medicine Authority, 16 provinces and municipalities have set up a department-level Chinese Medicine management institutions, 54 cities have set up a municipal administration of Chinese medicine, only 280 cities in the country's 19.3%, a lot of As for the establishment of grass-roots government institutions, such as county and urban areas, there is a lack of a unified Chinese medicine management body, many counties do not have the responsibility for Chinese medicine; in the distribution of management functions, the distribution of Chinese medicine management functions is ambiguous, and there is no uniform standard of administrative level and functional scope Such a longitudinal and unsound management system of Chinese medicine has led to the implementation of the policies and guidelines promulgated by the State.

Since 1998, China's various levels of government has carried out a number of government agencies to streamline and adjust, the government agencies at the edge of the Chinese Medicine Management department affected by this, some provincial local government in the Chinese Medicine Management unit personnel were adjusted to other positions, resulting in these institutions of personnel allocation unreasonable, Problems such as a dysfunctional work system. In the prefecture-level cities and counties and other grass-roots government, the Chinese Medicine management team is weaker, some places do not even have the specialized management personnel, causes the personnel echelon to be imperfect, the policy is difficult to implement and so on. At the same time, subject to financial and material constraints, Chinese medicine at all levels of the management departments of the establishment, management personnel quality and supervision equipment have not reached the proper requirements, it is difficult to carry out normal inspection and management work, restricting the development of Chinese medicine.

In recent years, the Western medicine management system, which has been established by the experience and practice of developed countries, has gradually occupied the leading position of Chinese medical industry, and the relevant organizations believe that Western medicine and TCM belong to the medical category, and that there is no difference in nature between them, so the management system of Western medicine and Western Therefore, there is no reasonable laws and regulations and policies according to the characteristics of TCM, and the management system based on this is not suitable for the actual development of Chinese medicine. In short, in China, Chinese medicine management institutions, personnel, technical access, training of Chinese medicine personnel, professional qualifications, research and development of Chinese medicine, etc., have not formed a set of Chinese medicine industry in line with the development of the facts of the supporting management system.

With the development of Chinese medicine industry as a whole, the existing management system is no longer suitable for the current situation of Chinese medicine market, restricts the development of Chinese medicine, reform management system and improve management level, which is the primary task of the development of TCM in China. We should abide by the principle of "gradual, gradual and thorough", and reform the management system of Chinese medicine from inside to outside and from top to bottom.

It is suggested to promote the development of Chinese medicine to the national strategy, according to the characteristics and intrinsic requirements of TCM industry, to do top-level design, to perfect the development policy and mechanism of Chinese medicine, to establish vertical system, to realize the state administration of Chinese medicine, provincial Chinese Medicine administration, municipal Chinese Medicine Administration, The four-level organization of TCM Management Branch of the county urban area is effective docking, comprehensively promoting the management level of Chinese Medicine organization.

At the central institutional level, the main status of the State administration of Traditional Chinese medicine, which will be dispersed in other relevant institutions, shall be assigned to the Chinese Medicine administration, establish a "central leadership, a department head, multisectoral cooperation" model, focus on the production and operation of Chinese Medicine, coordinate all departments, and strengthen the interconnection and interaction, To achieve organic integration, the formation of multiple main body of the joint effort to promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine.

At the provincial level, standardizing the local government administration of Chinese Medicine, establishing provincial-level TCM administration, and according to the reform mode of the State administration of Traditional Chinese medicine, the administration power of Chinese medicine belonging to other directly affiliated departments of the provincial government is assigned to the provincial Chinese Medicine administration, giving it more management rights in Chinese medicine In order to connect with the relevant functions of the State administration of Traditional Chinese medicine, to solve the problem that policy is difficult to implement effectively.

At the level of basic level government in the cities and counties, it is necessary to reform the administrative organization of local government, to increase the staffing establishment, to set up the Chinese Medicine administration, which is especially important to establish and perfect the Chinese medicine management Institution of local government in county and city, To form a complete and effective top-down management system, and to give these departments a clear power and responsibility to give full play to the leadership role of management organizations, to promote central policy can be implemented.

To strengthen the supervision and administration of Chinese medicine management institutions at all levels, so that it has a strong ability to combat the criminal behavior of various Chinese medicine industry, maintain the order of Chinese Medicine industry, maintain the basic interests of Chinese medicine practitioners and consumers To avoid the phenomenon of damaging consumer interests, so that the industry derived from the Chinese medicine industry to be effective supervision, to achieve the healthy and orderly development of the derivative industry.

July 1, 2017, the Chinese Medicine law of the People's Republic of China will be formally implemented, this is the first Chinese medicine law, its smooth implementation will be the key to the development of Chinese medicine, therefore, the need to do a good job in supporting the relevant work to ensure that the provisions of the roots. First of all, to clean up the existing Chinese medicine policies and regulations, repealing and amending the laws and regulations which do not conform to the Chinese medicine law; Secondly, we need to face the social and public propaganda work, to interpret the related hot and difficult issues, and to do a good job in the Chinese medicine management system, so that the relevant management personnel can do the administration according to law. Again as soon as possible to introduce supporting documents and implementation rules to ensure the smooth implementation of relevant laws and regulations to avoid the "Traditional Chinese Medicine law" to become paper.

To establish an efficient support system, encourage colleges and universities to enlarge the enrollment scale of Chinese medicine majors, strengthen the construction of universities with traditional Chinese medicine, increase the financial input to the professional education of Chinese medicine, and train a large number of Chinese medicine talents. We should improve the education and training system of Chinese medicine, which is based on the inheritance of all Chinese medicine workers, and attach importance to the inheritance and development of folk medical and ethnic medical care, and ensure the sustainable development of Chinese medicine. To study free normal student training mode, using the combination of institutions and teachers, to increase the training, for the grass-roots free, directional, with the preparation of a group of students to stay, the use of traditional Chinese medicine. For Chinese medicine practitioners who have skills, they are included in the management of rural doctors after examination through national or provincial level procedures.

In recent years, with the development of traditional Chinese medicine, the existing management system of traditional Chinese medicine is not perfect, weak institutions, dispersed functions, lack of personnel, traditional Chinese medicine and other problems seriously restrict the further development of Chinese medicine, in this paper, based on the analysis of these problems, according to the existing policy system, refining a It is expected to find out a set of management models suitable for the development of Chinese medicine in practice, improve the management level of TCM industry and promote the healthy and orderly development of the industry.

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