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留学生作业代写:The European civilization

2017-09-20 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The European civilization,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了欧洲文明。欧洲文明是多样性的。在欧洲的历史上,社会组织的一切形式、一切原则都在其中并存着;宗教的和世俗的势力;神权政治的、君主政治的、贵族政治的、民主政治的成分;存在着无数程度不等的自由、财富和势力。

European civilization,欧洲文明,essay代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

According to Guizot's lectures from the University of Paris in 1828, the history of European civilization was discussed from the decline of the Roman Empire to the French Revolution, which spanned a long time, basically showing the context of the formation of the subject of European civilization. To fully and deeply understand the character of a person, it is necessary to understand his growth process, from which to find the factors that can shape his character. So understand a civilization.

Oriental civilization and Western civilization are important civilizations in the world, and they are the main body of various countries and generations of scholars. The historical traces of oriental civilization are still permeated in our life, and the Western civilization is far from us, it is difficult to directly feel. The history of European civilization is an opportunity to feel European civilization and to understand its characteristics.

The main purpose of the book is to show the development trend of European civilization and the difference between European civilization and other civilizations. First of all, from the word civilization, it shows that civilization consists of two facts: on the one hand, the development of human society, on the other hand, human development. The focus of this book is to showcase the connotations and characteristics of European civilization and to show civilization only from the perspective of society.

Why are we so interested in European civilization? The economic globalization, the political multi-polarization makes the western superiority less obvious, then manifests in the history as the Global History view replaces "The Western Center theory". We do not absolutely believe that the European culture is advanced, that the Oriental culture is backward or that Western civilization is superior to the Oriental civilization, yet we cannot deny that the West has "taken the opportunity" in 13th century or 15th century.

So why is Europe "taking the opportunity"? From "Although ancient China has made many important contributions to the development of human science and technology, why has the science and the Industrial Revolution not occurred in modern China?" "The reason why Chinese modern science lags behind" and "why China is lagging behind in modern times" is to think from different angles why Europe can take advantage of the problem.

Before 13th century, there was no doubt that the east was in front of technology and economy. But after 13th century, Europe began to show her potential, from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment, from the great sailing era to colonialism, the industrial revolution, the bourgeois revolution in Europe and the United States successively completed, Europe in modern times "take the opportunity." I used to think that the question of why Europe and the United States could take advantage of the problem has been limited to economic and political aspects, such as the evil triangle trade in Europe, plundered the colonies in various ways, acquired the capital accumulation to develop. I rarely think about culture or civilization, and I think it is "nothingness" and does not have a substantive effect. This kind of thinking is influenced by Marxist historical materialism, and the ideological color is very strong. And this book has opened up new ideas, Guizot to the diversity of European civilization, so I can not ignore the role of civilization.

First of all, it is inaccurate to say that "Europe has taken the initiative in modern Times", because the United States is still recognized as one of the most powerful countries in World War II after World War I, and so we cannot avoid the US. Then we need to explain the relationship between European civilization and American culture. I am more agreeable to Mr. Chen Lemin's views on the subject. In the first lecture of the European civilization, one student asked, "is American civilization beyond European civilization?" Mr. Chen replied: "First, the United States inherits the European civilization and inherits the essence of the Anglo-Saxon culture ... Second, Americans first realized the ideals of Europeans ... But the United States is now very overbearing ... "that is to say, the origins of American civilization is the European civilization, only in its own way to explain and develop the European civilization." So we talk about European civilization to a certain extent it can cover the United States.

European civilization is the most diverse. We see Europe's map, Europe's history, the most intuitive feeling is her "crush." She and unification China, even the most prominent feature of Japan, India and some Islamic countries, is undoubtedly diversity. The diversity of European civilizations is more than that. In the history of Europe, all forms and principles of social organization coexist; religious and secular forces, theocracy, monarchical politics, aristocratic politics and democratic politics, and there are countless degrees of freedom, wealth and power. Literature and art, the author thinks that the literature of India and other places in the "same mold", that is to say, India and other places of civilization is Oriental civilization, is not a diversity. I do not fully agree with this point, I think that all civilizations are complex integration, are diverse. But European civilization is undoubtedly the most obvious of diversity.

Why is the diversity of civilizations leading Europe and the United States to take the opportunity? I think there are several reasons for this.

Some ideas of biology can provide reference for the humanities. Like Huxley, Darwin's biological evolutionism was applied to the sociological realm. Biodiversity is very important to ecology. The less the species, the weaker the ecosystem. Snakes in the forest ecosystem can prey on rodents and frogs, while the snakes in the grassland ecosystem can only prey on rodents, so if a rodent is extinct, the prairie food chain breaks and the forest chain is maintained. A society is also an ecological environment. Political diversity makes forces, principles, systems always intertwined, limited and endless struggle; thoughts and feelings, theocratic political, aristocratic politics of peace and the creed of the political mutual obstruction, struggle, restrictions and modification. In such cases, proponents of absolute power retreat before their claims are achieved, meaning that there will be no absolute power, and that society advances forward in the collision of unrest.

Societies that do not have a single civilization are very slow to develop in the early days. But its development is very lasting. Medieval Europe gave a general impression of darkness, ignorance and backwardness, while the Orient was more advanced in economics and technology. In fact, having seen the history of European civilization and the old system and the Great revolution, we will find that the boundary between the Middle Ages and the late period is not so clear, both political and ideological, it has continuity and inheritance. In other words, the medieval Europe is not static, but later the rate of development has become much faster. The rise of Europe begins with the Renaissance. Rich, powerful and powerful ideas can drive development.

The European people's heartfelt love for the principles of justice and freedom is an important part of European civilization. The authors of the history of European civilization and the old system and the Great Revolution are French. They are in the book Ching or inadvertently expressed the kind of sincere love, let me feel very shocked. That kind of shock makes me think that the reason why Europe can take the opportunity in modern times is because their civilization has the soul of many principles that love rationality and rationality.

In fact, talking about the advanced civilization or not, whether it has contributed to a certain part of the world occupies a leading position, not much significance. Mr. Chen Lemin's book reads: "We study civilization, European civilization or American civilization, not more than who has the strength, more money than the ―― if you do this, the United States of course ranked first, but this is not civilization itself, civilization than this is more delicate, more elegant." "Civilization is not good or bad, it has the" history of the long-term rationality of Mr. Huang, we only need to feel the charm of civilization, do not have to comment on it. And we are not qualified to comment on it. As the book says, "So far, civilization is still young, and the world cannot measure its entire experience." The human mind is certainly far from what it may be, and we are far from understanding the whole future of humanity. ”

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