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美国作业代写:The influence of mother tongue thinking on two language acquisition

2017-09-16 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The influence of mother tongue thinking on two language acquisition,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了母语思维对二语习得的影响。母语思维对二语习得既有促进作用,也有阻碍作用。在二语习得的过程中,虽然不应该受到母语思维的限制,但是二语习得需要借助母语思维,并且我们应该对这两种语言的相似之处和差别都进行恰当和必要地对比分析,借助语言之间的共同性,实现正迁移。

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With the rapid development of modern language, different languages can also be used for reference and integration, so that the differences between languages gradually narrowed, conducive to better grasp of the second language, which not only for students to provide theoretical basis for language learning, but also to promote students in the second language learning gradually progress, can better use of mother tongue thinking , so that the learning of the second language is no longer a difficulty in learning, but also can improve the development level of modern language.

At present, different countries have their own unique language, there are many kinds of languages, mainly belong to different language branches, languages and family languages, although there are some differences between different languages, but from the essence of language, language is a common attribute of human beings, and is closely related to people's thinking. It has been assumed by famous British linguists that all natural languages have a common Core principle, which proves that even human languages are different but still have similarities. The common existence of modern language is generally divided into two situations: a situation is relatively absolute commonality, any language has this commonality, such as substitution, creativity, abstraction, ideographic function and so on; the second case is relative commonality, which can be summed up in different languages, but not all languages have that feature.

The commonality of language has been influenced by many reasons, among them, human thinking is also one of the important factors, it mainly includes four aspects: first, perceptual category, that is, the understanding of the world produced by human beings can start with perceptual experience and perceptual knowledge, and the perceptual category that people can form in the process of cognition and perception of the world is bound to affect the language, that is to say, the feeling that people can produce can be fully displayed through the language; second, cognitive category, it is based on perceptual knowledge formed on the basis of rational understanding, but also the different relationships and events more abstract summary and generalization Third, the social category, mainly refers to the cultural and social conditions in human life, the formation is a certain meaning of the social category; the category of psychological language refers to the existence of certain common laws in the process of speaking, which can form the common features of different languages, for example, the existing language can be divided into imperative sentences from the grammatical aspects. interrogative sentences and statements. Therefore, from the above narrative can be found that all languages in some ways there is a relatively reasonable commonality.

The promoting effect of mother tongue thinking on two language acquisition. The mother tongue thought has certain promotion function to two language acquisition, students in second language acquisition, can make full use of the knowledge of the mother tongue and related grammar, and further promote the learning of foreign languages, while the use of mother-tongue thinking to learn, there will be more errors, it is this similarity makes the transfer of the mother tongue thinking possible. In the process of second language acquisition, though it should not be restricted by the thinking of the mother tongue, however, second language acquisition requires the use of mother tongue thinking, and we should be the similarities and differences between the two languages are appropriate and necessary comparative analysis, especially in the relative confusion of the resolution, further help students to escape the general interference in the mother tongue thinking, But also can make full use of language commonality, realize positive migration.

The hindering effect of mother tongue thinking on two language acquisition. The thought of mother tongue has a certain hindrance to the two language acquisition in the phonetic level, lexical level, grammatical level, discourse level and pragmatic level, so that there will be many obstacles to the acquisition of two language, which is unfavorable to the students ' language learning. From the perspective of pronunciation, the two languages belong to different language families, has the big difference, first, the English and Chinese in the phoneme system aspect difference is big, almost does not have the identical phoneme, even if is the phoneme aspect has certain similarity, but the pronunciation position also may have the difference, thus produces certain negative migration, hinders the second language acquisition; The syllable structure of English and Chinese is different from the whole four aspects, for example, in Chinese, there is no consonant cluster in English, and there is a vowel between the consonants in Chinese, so students tend to add a vowel in the middle when they learn English, and there is a certain difference in the pronunciation of the two languages. These differences can have a negative effect on the two language acquisition. From the lexical point of view, the English-Chinese collocation ability, connotation meaning and concept meaning and so on many aspects all will make the Chinese negative transfer, but the vocabulary as the basic element in the language, has the rich culture and the foundation connotation, therefore, the lexical aspect also can hinder the second language acquisition important factor. In terms of grammatical level, textual level and pragmatic level, the existence of the difference will lead to negative transfer of the mother tongue, so that two language acquisition will encounter more obstacles, so that the mother tongue thinking further hindered the two language acquisition.

Through the research in this paper, we can find that students could make full use of their mother tongue thinking to learn the second language, it is not only necessary to recognize the positive effect of mother-tongue thinking on the two language acquisition, but also to see the negative influence of mother tongue thinking on two language acquisition, to transform negative influence into positive influence, so that the second language learning can make students more easy to master, Further promote the rapid development of modern languages.

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