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美国作业代写:The overseas colonial movement of Ancient Greece

2017-09-15 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The overseas colonial movement of Ancient Greece,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了古希腊的海外殖民运动。公元前八世纪到公元前六世纪,大量希腊城邦的建立使得人口与土地间的矛盾迅速激化,为了缓解这一矛盾,希腊人开始了大规模的海外殖民运动。这次殖民运动对希腊社会产生了重大影响,不仅缓解了希腊城邦发展过程中的内在矛盾,还大大促进了整个希腊世界经济的发展、尤其是商品经济的发展。

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Influenced by geographical environment and other factors, BC Eighth century to BC Sixth century, the ancient Greece launched a large-scale overseas colonization, the overseas colonization of Greek society has a major impact, is a key stage of affecting the Greek process.

The ancient Greek culture originated in the Uechen region, its geographical scope mainly includes the Greek peninsula, the Aegean islands, the Ionian Islands and the Minor Asia Peninsula West Bank and so on. Compared with the great river basins and Kori Vono features of ancient Oriental civilization, Greece is characterized by its geographical environment, which is characterized by small mountainous areas, winding coasts and islands. In particular, Athens is the most typical, Athens is located in the middle of Greece, the coastline twists and turns, excellent harbor many, conducive to navigation business.

In order to alleviate this contradiction, the Greeks began a large-scale overseas colonial movement, which was established by the Greek city-state and the development of the city-state. As for the reasons for the overseas colonization, it is a problem that many historians have been trying to explore. The Roman philosopher Sinniga that the motive was "some enemy aggression, the city was destroyed, the goods were robbed, they were forced to go to the other side, some were expelled because of the civil strife, some were out because of overpopulation, to lighten the burden; Others have been lured away by the temptation to exaggerate the legend by the fertile land of the foreign lands and the wonderful scenery. Marx thought that at that time Greece's agricultural productivity was not very developed, the city state population increased, in order to alleviate the pressure need to forcibly emigrate. He said: "In ancient countries, in Greece and Rome, the adoption of a colonial form of forced immigration is a fixed link in the social system."

The whole system of these two countries is built on a certain limit of the population, beyond which the ancient civilizations are at risk of destruction. Why is that? Because these countries are completely unaware of the use of science in material production. In order to preserve one's own civilization, it can only have a few citizens, otherwise they will suffer from the heavy manual labor that turns the freemen into slaves. Due to the lack of productivity development, civil rights must be determined by a certain amount of comparative relations that cannot be violated. At that time, the only way out was to force immigrants. "In the late 7th century BC, on the Aegean Sea on the island of the severe drought, the local residents had to" use the lottery method to elect one of every two brothers, to the Platia Island near Schleni, Libya, to colonize, visible in ancient Greece, the increase in population is indeed one of the reasons for colonization. Whatever the conjecture, one thing is certain: this large-scale overseas colonization is a necessary measure taken by the city-State organization to solve its own development problems. ”

To sum up, the reasons for overseas colonization are as follows: first of all, the rapid development of the Greek city-state, the population scale and the intensification of the conflict between the population and land, the colonial movement can open up the vast land; Secondly, because of the land merger and bankruptcy, and overseas to make a livelihood; Moreover, the city-state development, the intensification of class struggle Some of those who failed in the political struggle went abroad to find another development; Finally, the economic development has led the industrial and commercial slave owners to seek the raw materials and commodity markets.

The large-scale Greek colonization of the diaspora began about 8th century BC, and gradually ceased in 6th century BC. "In the early days, immigrants were not targeted. That's how things usually happen. At the beginning, the city has far-sighted people, drifting to distant alien, to seek a better life and wealth. Later, immigrants gradually brought the pertinence. Each city first consolidated a certain area for itself, and then emigrated there. ”

The Greek diaspora is usually sponsored by a city state, which migrates some of its citizens overseas to another home, which is the son state. The colonists were part of the parent-State group, and after the establishment of the colonial polis, they were citizens of the city state, and the colonial and former Polis were equal in political and economic relations. All the sub-States are new members of the Greek world, and they are similar in political, economic and cultural aspects to the Greek native states.

The overseas colonization not only alleviated the inner contradictions in the development of Greek Polis, but also greatly promoted the development of the whole Greek world economy, especially the commodity economy. Although the original purpose of the overseas colonial movement was to seek more land, it did promote the development of Greek commerce and industry. In addition, the development of commercial trade requires a free environment, which in turn promotes the formation of "equality concept" of ancient Greeks and the establishment of democratic politics. At the same time, the ancient Greeks have practiced the courage to open up, good at exploring the national character, created a pioneering and exploration of the national spirit, at the same time create a brilliant sea culture, and make Greece a Western civilization banner and Cradle.

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