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留学生作业代写:The problems of capitalist production relations caused by economic finance

2017-09-11 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The problems of capitalist production relations caused by economic finance,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了经济金融化导致的资本主义生产关系的问题。经济金融化对美国的资本主义制度产生了深远影响,它造成了资本主义生产关系的分层与断裂。从事全球性金融服务和金融衍生交易,为美国金融资本提供了巨额利润,也让受雇的少数金融白领收入丰厚,金融部门的生产关系在总体上运行良好。但在其他部门,生产关系却面临着重重危机,这包括低迷的资本盈利率和萎缩的资本积累,以及受雇的社会大众面临收入增长停滞和高负债压力的困境。

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A number of campaign slogans were swiftly put into effect on January 20, 2017 when Trump became the new President of the United States, including repealing Obamacare, announcing the withdrawal of the TPP, building walls on the US-Mexican border, and introducing a "travel ban". In many people's view, the Trump government is a product of American populism, heralding the American economy's rush to conservatism. This view of the Trump government and the previous Obama administration as the opposite poles, ignoring the U.S. economic development of the internal laws and general trends, not only can not explain the Trump government's reasons, nor can reveal the future direction of its strategy and policy.

In the 1999, the U.S. Financial Services Modernization Act was passed by Congress, with the financial sector operating and regulatory model of the financial industry, marked by the "Grace-Steagall Act", to withdraw from the historical arena.

This kind of economic and financial trend, first of all the most intuitive expression of financial profits accounted for the change in the proportion of U.S. domestic profits. In the year 1965-1980, financial profits accounted for 17% of total domestic profits, while the average value of 2000―2015 years rose sharply to 28.9%. In sharp contrast to this, the proportion of manufacturing profits dropped sharply, 1965―1980 years of the average value of 49.1%, to 2000―2015 years to 20.9%. The change suggests that financial capital has replaced industrial capitalism as a new force leading the US economy. Second, it is also manifested in the accelerated deterioration of the U.S. economic industry hollowing out, which is a coin on both sides. The state of trade in foreign goods and services reflects the position of the industrial sector in the world Division of labor, and the hollowing out of industries will inevitably lead to huge deficits in foreign trade in goods and services. From 1965 to 1980, the U.S. foreign trade in goods and services from the 46.64 surplus to 19.407 billion deficit, 16, the average value of 5.687 billion deficit. From 2000 to 2015, the deficit in external goods and services trade increased from $477.8 billion to $539.9 billion, and the 16-year deficit was worth as much as $557.4 billion, 98 times times the 1965―1980 years.

The financial trend of the American economy is the result of the continuous optimization of the industrial and regional distribution of transnational capital in the process of economic globalization. Economic globalization provides more lucrative industries and regions for transnational capital, and emerging market countries represented by China become the new space for these capital to realize value increment and accumulation. By this influence, the U.S. capital industry continued to drain, which led to the deepening of the U.S. economy's industrial hollowing. At the same time, transnational capital in the global optimization of industrial and geographical distribution, but also must require more complex, more comprehensive global financial services, the U.S. economy is to meet the financial needs of this global financial services products.

The financial trend of American economy is the result of the accumulation of capitalism and antagonism between consumption. Economic globalization provides a new space for capital accumulation, but the real consumption ability of social masses is slow to grow, which necessarily means that the antagonism between accumulation and consumption in the world is increasing, which leads to the worsening overproduction and capital surplus. The wealth effects of asset bubbles fuelled debt consumption, which temporarily masked the overproduction problem, as financial-derivative deals emerged as a paradise of excess capital. Therefore, the economic and financial of the United States is an important buffer against the overproduction of capitalism and the excess of capital.

The economic finance has exerted a far-reaching influence on American capitalist system, which has caused the stratification and rupture of capitalist relations of production. Engaging in global financial services and derivative transactions, which provide huge profits for U.S. financial capital, and a small number of employed finance white-collar income, the financial sector's production relations in general run well. In other sectors, however, relations of production are faced with a multitude of crises, including depressed capital-profitability and shrinking accumulation, as well as the plight of the employed public in the face of stagnant income growth and high debt pressures. In the 2000―2015 years, the average domestic capital investment growth rate was only 2.6%, less than half the 5.9% of 1965―1980 years, while gross domestic debt accounted for as much as 227% of GDP in the same period, nearly one-fold over 138% in the 1965―1980 years.

The 2008 international financial crisis exposed the negative consequences of US economic finance, and Mr Obama's 8-year reign was almost entirely powerless. Compared with the pre-crisis 2007, the 4 related indicators in 2016 deteriorated, including financial profits from 22.2% to 29% per cent of gross domestic profits, manufacturing profits as a share of gross domestic profit from 23.7% to 20.8%, and domestic non-domestic capital investment growth from 5.9% to 1%, Gross domestic debt has risen from 230% per cent to 277% of GDP. Only the trade deficit in external goods and services was reduced from $712.6 billion to $521 billion, but still higher than the average of $461.1 billion in 2008-2015.

In the 2016 United States election, most of the losers from the economic and financial process formed the mass base that supported Trump's campaign claims. Trump government is the historical product of the stratification and rupture of capitalist production relations under the background of economic finance.

The economic and financial development of the United States is an inevitable choice for us to establish international competitive advantage by using US dollar hegemony, and it is also the inevitable result of alleviating overproduction and excess capital in the process of economic globalization. As the historical product of the law of the capitalist contradictory movement, the trend of American economic finance is irreversible, and the rise and fall of American financial capital determines the rise and fall of American economy. This means that the Trump Government will not only adopt the financial repression policy, but also strengthen the support to US financial capital, and help it to grab a bigger share of the surplus value in the international financial market competition.

At the same time, the stratification and rupture of capitalist relations of production caused by economic and financial, fundamentally threatens the rationality of capitalist system. To weaken the negative consequences of economic and financial, so that most of the frustrated people again satisfied, will become Trump government's work center of gravity, and improve the profitability of industrial capital and improve the welfare level of the average wage earners is the most important.

The only way to raise the profitability of American industrial capital and the welfare of the average wage earners is to make a bigger pie in the world economy, demanding better conditions for international trade in the U.S. industry. It is foreseeable that the United States will take a more assertive unilateral action in the field of international trade, using its advantages in the areas of finance, crude oil and military, to exert pressure on trading partners to achieve the above-mentioned objectives.

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