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美国作业代写:Instinctive patriotism

2017-09-04 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- Instinctive patriotism,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了本能的爱国心。托克维尔于19世纪所完成的《论美国的民主》一书,历来是研究美国民主制度与社会结构的重要文献。托克维尔通过亲身考察,对于美国的民主政治成因做出了细致的说明。在书中,美国人的爱国心产生于对乡镇的本能眷恋,在地方民主实践中获得理性的价值,使得爱国主义成为美国民主的坚实保障。在美国人的爱国主义中也掺杂着各州之间利益的纠葛与民众自我利益的优先,展现了美国联邦制度的优点与不足。

Instinctive patriotism,爱国主义,essay代写,paper代写,美国作业代写

Tocqueville's "Democracy in the United States", completed in 19th century, has always been an important document in the study of the democratic system and social structure of the United States. Tocqueville made a detailed explanation of the cause of American democracy through his own investigation. His study of American patriotism in the book is largely related to the American democratic local Self-Government tradition and grassroots democratic practice, but it is often neglected by domestic researchers. American patriotism arises from the instinctive attachment to the township, and obtains the rational value in the local democratic practice, which makes the patriotism a solid guarantee of American democracy. The American patriotism is also mixed with the interests of the States and the interests of the people of self-interest, showing the United States federal system advantages and disadvantages.

For the common patriotism of American residents, Tocqueville first mentioned the "instinctive patriotism" of this patriotism, in simple terms, the basis of this patriotism is a priori national identity, is a natural and local binding attachment to the patriotic object of patriotism is a personification of the country itself. This patriotic mentality and nationalism are accompanied by, difficult to cut. This instinctive patriotism has a secular religious character, and the instinctive patriotism always has its specific object. Because the object behind this is the patriotic love of the national personality, its specific objects such as the monarch, national history and so on, have provided a kind of secular worship, but for the instinctive patriotism, the biggest problem is to rely on a particular era and not long.

In his talk of "instinctive patriotism", Tocqueville used the example of the patriotic mentality of the French in feudal countries: "It was a period of comfort for the people for some time in the old aristocracy, and not for the tyranny of the king." They proudly believe that they live under the rule of the most powerful king in the world. In the period of Louis 14, when the Sun Wang the heyday of France, the expansion of the territory, military development, Chateau De Versaille completed, as the country's residents have the glory and pride, and the pride of patriotism directly pointed to the secular monarch worship. The power of the French monarchy also peaked during Louis 14. But this kind of patriotic direction always has its characteristic, is to the national history direction, is to the Monarch government Army's direction, but rarely points to the National People and the Society Foundation. In the democratic society in which the good order runs, the patriotism that people talk about often refers to the Tockville of the second kind of patriotic emotion ―― rational patriotism. But for these two kinds of patriotism, they are not absolute conflict and contradictions, in the "Democracy of the United States," Tocqueville that the United States at the beginning of the federal legislative process, is reflected in the instinctive patriotism of the possibility of being virtuous to rational patriotism.

The rational patriotism needs to be accompanied by the idea of the people, the people and the people, and the residents of the New England towns are very nostalgic for their hometown. But what is more important for the generation of rational patriotism is the practice of civil governance, it is the people who can manage themselves in practice and participate in the management construction of their hometown, if the people are only growing in the lovely hometown, but no people in the township self-management Management, fulfilling the obligation to exercise power, then the rational patriotism will not be produced, Instead, it will fall into the instinctive patriotic kind of pure Love township. For this Tocqueville gave a contrast example, he said Europe's monarchs were concerned about the threat of local power to the rule of the central Government, so most of the European towns did not have as much autonomy and autonomy as the American towns, so most of Europe was shun rather than citizens, and as for the conquered countries and regions that did not have people's autonomy, It is impossible to have this kind of patriotism at all.

Trace back to the origin of patriotic spirit of Democratic America and the historical moment of the beginning of rational patriotic emotion in American politics, we will find that the rational patriotic spirit rooted in the tradition of American nation-building is embodied in the struggle for democracy against dictatorship. After the American War of Independence against the British colonial authorities, the federal legislators incorporated the rational patriotic spirit into the design of the American democratic system and law. This patriotic spirit requires legislators not to allow themselves to immerse themselves in the cavity patriotic passions of the warm war era and the nation's joy, but also to apply the patriotic sensibility rationally to the legislative process in the early days of the PRC. Tocqueville used the words of calmness and moderation in the process of describing the founding fathers ' legislation. The almost raging patriotic passion that can make the war go through the trap of "instinctive patriotism" and "blind fanaticism and patriotism":"theylookedattheircountrymorecalmlyandwithgreaterpenetration...... They dared to speak about restraining it. This transformation seems to be the time to translate Tocqueville's instinctive patriotic zeal for a special era into rational patriotism.

I think it is necessary to compare the French Revolution if we are to discuss the reason why this patriotism can be successfully transited from wartime fanaticism to the rational patriotism of the early days of the nation. In the French Revolution, after the death of Louis 16, Jacobins cleaning and many other turbulence, similar to the American War of Independence, the French Revolution in order to fight against the conservative feudal forces of the joint strangulation, has carried out several war against the Law Alliance. Why the American War of Independence, after victory, smoothly under the impetus of rational patriotism, the design of democratic system to improve democratic rule of law, the establishment of a democratic United States. In a series of foreign wars during the 1796-1804 revolutionary governor of the government, Shine, who burned the flames of the democratic Revolution to Italy and Rhineland, also accumulated passionate patriotic fervor and revolutionary zeal, but the direct result of French patriotism was a personal cult of Napoleon, It is a group blind that patriotic patriotism cannot be unleashed by reason, and the national frenzy of war and the patriotic fanaticism that destroyed the 1789-year-old Democratic fruit has made France's democratic process again frustrated. The repetition of the French democratic process has directly led to the future of Tocqueville's exploration of America's political design and the writing of the book on Democracy in the United States, which Tocqueville also proposed to guide democracy, to clean up the trend of democracy, to regulate the action of democracy. Democracy cannot be ruled by its wild instincts, but it is all about perfecting democracy rather than abolishing it. ”

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