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留学生作业代写:The alienation of consumption society leisure

2017-09-02 来源: 51due教员组 类别: Paper范文

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的paper代写范文- The alienation of consumption society leisure,供大家参考学习,这篇论文讨论了消费社会休闲的异化。休闲是生活的组成部分,本质上是对自由的追求与实现,表现为人对自由时间的自由支配。然而,消费社会的休闲背离了主体自由,被异化为物化休闲和符号化休闲。消费社会休闲的异化是社会生活和精神文化领域异化现象的重要表现之一。面对消费社会休闲的种种异化,我们亟需从积极构建主体休闲意识、树立科学的休闲消费观、加强休闲伦理道德建设等方面着手,实现消费社会休闲的理性回归。

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The rapid development of productivity has brought rich products, even caused serious overproduction. In order to alleviate the overproduction crisis, Western developed countries to stimulate consumption as an important national policy, a consumption-centric society gradually formed. Leisure is the part of life, in essence, the pursuit and realization of freedom, and the freedom of free time. However, the leisure of consumer society deviates from the freedom of subject, and is alienated as physical and chemical leisure and symbolic leisure. In the face of the alienation of consumption society, it is urgent to start with the active construction of the subject's leisure consciousness, establish a scientific leisure consumption view, and strengthen the construction of leisure ethic and morality, so as to realize the rational return of the consumption social leisure.

Since 20th century, capitalist productivity has developed rapidly with the progress of science and technology, and brought rich products, especially the outbreak of the world economic crisis in the early 1930s, the overproduction is becoming more and more serious, "potential unlimited production capacity" and "restricted consumption" The contradiction between the rising of the economic and social development of the main problems, consumption thus evolved into the capitalist process of production of the key link. In order to solve the overproduction crisis, to ensure the benign development of society and the continuous accumulation of capital, it is necessary to arouse people's desire of consumption and promote the development of consumption, based on which the western developed countries to stimulate consumption as an important State policy, a consumption-centric society gradually formed, the basic landscape of consumer society is one of " The huge accumulation of goods "and the world surrounded by things."

From different angles of analysis, consumer society presents the following characteristics: first, the consumption of the public is the objective characteristics of the consumer society. The consumption society is characterized by the rise of mass consumption, the mass consumption makes the whole society "no rules, only choice", "no style, only fashion", "everyone can become a person." Secondly, the infinite nature of desire is the intrinsic dynamic characteristic of consumer society. Consumption is the basic mode of human survival, human consumption to meet their material and energy needs, in order to produce human life again. However, the consumption of consumer society to meet the needs is not the real human needs, but a false need, but also a "limitless requirements." Consumers buy and obtain goods only to achieve the possession of goods, and always want to occupy more items, sometimes

Its possession and even the objective of the goods, that is, consumer behavior seems to be the axis of goods or enjoyment, actually pointing to "other completely different goals." Thirdly, the media-oriented nature is the external dynamic characteristic of the consumer society. In the consumer society, television, film and advertising and other mass media play an important role in the direction of the overwhelming advertising through the newspapers, magazines, radio, television, the Internet and other large-scale rendering, repeated advocacy, the formation of people tightly surrounded the pattern, to encourage consumption, encouraging purchase, and constantly incite the public's desire to buy, so that people "According to the advertisement to entertain, to play, to activities and consumption", to create another consumer myth.

Faced with the rapid changes of society, thinkers are aware of the advent of the consumer society, and all kinds of important changes in consumer society are described even critically. As early as the book of Free Class, published in 1899, Fanbolong discusses the social structure meaning of "consumption", puts forward the important concept of "conspicuous" consumption, and thinks that people buy goods not only for material satisfaction and enjoyment, but also for obtaining a kind of psychological satisfaction, so Conspicuous consumption is an important means for social members to show their social status; The concept of "fashion consumption" has been suggested by West America, that people are always actively engaged in fashion consumption in order to improve their social status, especially for the dominant social class, it is necessary to actively carry out fashion consumption and constantly introduce new fashions. Because they are the imitations of other classes; Max Weber uses his social stratification theory to analyze consumption, and thinks that the important performance of potential grade difference is different consumption mode, and the different consumption way decides the individual's rank attribution. Marcuse more of a critical attitude to judging the consumer society, he points out, Modern capitalist society uses various means and tactics to create a lot of "false demand" to realize "compulsive consumption", this kind of compulsive consumption not only makes the individual give up revolt against society, even evolves into a new form of realizing capitalism control; The daily life world of modern society is manipulated and enslaved by all kinds of false desires and symbols; Baudrillard tried to study the basic living mode of modern society from the aspects of object, meaning, symbol and media, and testify the profound change of contemporary capitalist society, and mercilessly opened up the gorgeous coat of the symptom of consumer social age, It is a sharp depiction of the bizarre and bizarre places in this society. Baudrillard clearly pointed out, "We are in the ' consumption ' control of the whole life situation", it is pointed out that symbol consumption is the core concept of consumer social theory, and it is believed that in consumer society, goods have no direct relation with the value of value and exchange, but also the symbolic values, consumption and the real needs of people, and people never consume the goods themselves, Instead, the object "as a symbol that can highlight you", the consumption of modern society from the consumption of goods to the symbol of the consumption of alienation, and expressed as an extreme consumption of alienated symbols.

The word foreignization is translated from the German Entfremdung, while the German Entfremdung word is translated from the Greek Allotriwsiz, which has the meaning of "strangeness", "alienation" or "separation". Hegel first applied the word "alienation" from the philosophical level and regarded it as the outward of "absolute spirit"; Feuerbach, while revealing the secret of religion, endows the word "alienation" with a kind of extended philosophical meaning, that is, "man makes his own essence object, and then makes himself become the object of the object, the essence of the subject and the personality." ”。 In other words, Feuerbach believes that alienation is "the object and object produced by the subject, not only with the subject itself, but also as the subject's differentiation, and, become, reverses the bondage, domination and even repression of the subject". Marx successively studied the alienation of nature, the alienation of politics and the alienation of economy, especially the application of alienation theory to the analysis of economic life and labor, and then put forward the concept of Die Entfremdete Ardeit, In revealing the root of alienated labor, he pointed out deeply that: the greedy nature of capital, in addition to causing the general alienation in the field of labor, is bound to cause widespread alienation in the field of social life and spiritual culture. Among them, the alienation of consumption social leisure is one of the important manifestations of alienation in social life and spiritual culture.

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