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What does Bhopal leave us

2020-07-27 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Report范文

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- What does Bhopal leave us,文章讲述“被埋没的孩子”的照片是在博帕尔悲剧中拍摄的照片,并于1984年获得普利策奖。它描绘了一个死于博帕尔悲剧中的未知孩子,他的眼睛被张开了双眼,一只成年的柔和的手摇晃着擦掉脸上的灰尘,以便摄影师获得清晰的照片。根据Susan Schwartz的说法,摄影记者的照片是向观众发送信息,并使他们感到自己确实在现场。(工作引用1)图1是我选择的图片,用于讨论它向观众发送的信息以及它如何发送消息。

 

 

 

What does Bhopal leave us

 

  The picture of The Buried Unknown Child is a picture taken in the Bhopal tragedy, and it won Pulitzer Prize in 1984. It illustrates a unknown child who died in Bhopal tragedy buried in the ground, with its eyes wild opened and a gentle adult hand whisking dusts off its face so that the photographer could get a clear picture. According to Susan Schwartz, a picture from a photojournalist is to send a message to audiences, and to make them feel they are actually in the scene.(work cite1) Figure 1 is the picture I choose to discuss what message it sends to audience and how it sends the message.  

During the evening of December 3, 1984, Bhopal India, a valve broke and a large amount of water entered a tank containing 42 tons of methyl isocyanate. The chemical reaction immediately rode the tank temperature to 200 degrees Celsius, which released gas cloud. That night, a toxic cloud spread over the sleeping city of Bhopal. , As a result, 10,000 people’s lives were taken away within 72 hours of the accident. (work cite2) Methyl isocyanate is extremely poison to people, even an limited exposure could damage respiratory tract and the eyes and can cause immediate asphyxiation, blindness and death.(work cites3) Since then, 25,000 have died from different gas-related illness. Several hundred thousand people suffered permanent damage, lifelong illnesses and birth deformities.(work site 2) This tragedy is known as Bhopal Tragedy, and it is considered as one of the “most devastating accidents in modern history”.(work cites 2)

Figure 1 is the picture taken place in the tragedy. In figure 1, the photographer used what Kobre called the scene after the disaster happened.(work cited ) It didn’t really show what the scene was when the disaster took place. On the contrary, the picture showed what the result of the disaster and described tragedy from the side. According to the “rules of the third”, the left part and right part are crowded with rocks and dusks. The middle of both horizontal and vertical focuses are the face of the boy. On the upper middle, there is an adult hand. It looks like it swiped away the dust from the boys face so he could see the world for the last time. The photographer made the boy’s face as a center of the picture, it direct audiences gaze to the boy. The rocks on the left and right side of picture highlight the center of picture. The adult hand on the upper middle of the picture gains empathy and sorrows by contrast.  

If we look at the overall picture, it is such an impactive frame. The whole picture is in a despairing mood. A young and innocent boy buried in the ground. He was too young to be in that place. He was supposed to live, to enjoy his life, and to explore the wonders of the world. But now, he was died, and laid in the ground, silently and motionlessly. This image drove the audience attention immediately. When audience looked at the picture, they would want to know what happened to him. The audience would ask why it happened and who caused the disaster. In addition, the message of the adult hand is that whoever buried the boy could barely say farewells to the boy. Maybe the hand belonged to the boy’s father, or to a relative, or to a stranger who probably has a same-year-old child. Kids dying on parents is one of the most sorrowful tragedies in the world.

The comparison between the boy and rock is distinguished. When a fresh life, especially at such young age, buried in cold abiotic soil, people would have strong emotional reactions. According to Yang, humans have a inherit nature to protect youths, for youths are the symbols of continuing lives. (work cites 4)Freud also noted that the reason that some parents pathological control their children is lied a deep root in human’s protection nature. (work cite 5). According to those two theories, when audience see figure 1, they will feel angry, sad and powerless. Then they will receive the message from the photographer, why we let this happen, and what we have done. The picture makes people to think what we should do to protect those innocent children.

In figure 1, if we look at the details, we could see that the child’s head is in the middle of image. Besides an adult hand and rocks around, there is no more subjects. According to Rothsein, “varying focus makes it possible for the photographer to direct the viewer's attention to a particular part of the photograph, passing over others”.(work cited 2) This arrangement catches audience eyes immediately and make them focuses on the child’s facial expression. The child slightly opened his month, and his eyes wildly opened. The facial expression was calm. The time has frozen at the moment the child died. All those moments suggested that the child died immediately. In other words, the child didn’t have time to react to the gas exposure, which means that the gas kills people rapidly. At the moment the gas cloud reached the child, he died immediately without feeling any pains. According to his slightly opened month, we could see that the child tried to breath; however, he couldn’t do it because he got no chance in the face of such toxic chemicals. The child also looked like he didn’t know what was going on. Maybe he felt something wasn’t right, but before he figured out what was wrong, he was gone.

 

As a result of Bhopal tragedy, it “dramatically changed America’s hazardous materials response capability and provided the foundation for the current modern approach to hazardous” (work cited 2). It has reinforced the United States Government to set up rigorous rules of chemical production. What photographer wanted to show us is how horrible the tragedy is. He didn’t take picture from massive dead bodies or running people on the street in the evening the gas exposure took place. However, he took the picture of a boy to imply what a tragedy it was. He threw out a minnow to catch a whale by using a small piece of the entire tragedy. Unfortunately, we couldn’t find the name of the boy, so the boy’s name remains unknown. The photographer did a successful job. Nowadays, figure 1 is available on the Internet. If anybody searches Bhopal tragedy, they will find this picture. The use of the thirds and the selection of the pocus make this photo distinguished from the others. In addition, the entire structure of photo suggests the strong passions to the audience. The tragedy is remembered so that we don’t make similar mistakes like that any more.


 

Work Cited

Junhe, Yang. “Sexuality of China”. Beijing: Huaxia Publishing House,1994.

 

Schwartz, Donna. “To Tell the Truth: Codes of Objectivity in Photojournalism” in Visual Communication and Culture: Images in Action, Jonathan Finn, ed. Oxford, 2012: 222-233.

Sigmund, Freud. “Love Psychology” Jiangxi: Baihuazhou Literature Art Press, 2009:87

The Bhopal Diaster. July 8, 2013.United States Fire Administration. Web. September 25,2014.

http://www.usfa.fema.gov/downloads/pdf/coffee-break/hm/hm_2013_1.pdf

Methyl isocyanate. April, 2012. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. September 27,2014. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/tfacts182.pdf

 

Bhopal Disater. Greenpeace Organization. September 27,2014. Web. http://www.greenpeace.org/usa/en/campaigns/toxics/justice-for-bhopal/

 

 

 

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