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Women discrimination in rural areas of China

2020-05-27 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: Report范文

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文-Women discrimination in rural areas of China。本文讲述1970年代,一位名叫毛的中国老领导人说:妇女可以举起一半的天空。他所说的话在当时掀起了反妇女歧视热潮。但是,中国妇女仍然面临歧视,特别是在农村地区。这种歧视是由于历史而形成的。本文的主要目的是讨论中国农村地区对妇女的歧视。随着历史的变迁,这种情况仍然存在,长期以来一直是一个严重的问题。政府和其他人应帮助他们树立正确的态度,并为他们提供接受教育的机会,以应对这种歧视。显然,他们在帮助女性对抗歧视方面做得还不够。这里仍然有待解决的问题。但是,女性歧视不仅存在于中国,而且存在于许多发展中国家。所有男人和女人都是平等创造的(Jacka1997)。人们应该立即停止性别歧视,尤其是在农村地区。中国是一个历史悠久的国家,对中国妇女的歧视也有着悠久的历史。在奴隶社会和封建社会中,男人有权统治一切。随着时间的流逝,妇女陷入一种糟糕的境地,使她们不在乎自己是否受到歧视。没有人关心他们的生活或工作,甚至他们自己。他们长期处于弱势群体。

 

Women discrimination in rural areas of China

 

Author Note

This paper was prepared for UP Research Writing, Section B, taught by Hannah Murphy.


Women discrimination in rural areas of China

Introduction

In 1970s, an old Chinese leader named Mao said that: Women can hold up half of the sky. What he said started an anti-women’s discrimination boom at that time. However, Chinese women still face discrimination especially in rural areas. This kind of discrimination is shaped because of the history. The main aim of this paper is to discuss discrimination against women in Chinese rural areas. With the change of history, this kind of situation still exists and it has been a serious problem for a long time. Government and other people should help them build a correct attitude and give them the access to education to confront this kind of discrimination. It is obvious that they didn’t do enough to help women confront the discrimination. There are still problems here waiting to be solved. However, women’s discrimination exists not only in China, but also in many developing countries. All men and women are created equally (Jacka, 1997). People should stop gender discrimination right now especially in rural areas. China is a country with a long history, discrimination for Chinese women also has a long history. In slave society and feudal society, men have the rights to rule everything. With the time passing by, women fall into a bad situation that makes them not care if they are under the discrimination. Nobody cares about their life or jobs, even themselves. They were in the disadvantaged group for a long time.

Background

In China’s history, women’s oppression, discrimination and gender inequality exist for a very long time. At that time, women live in the misery. Those wrong views are passed from generation to generation, but women never think that they should fight for their rights:

China’s traditional culture puts the continuity of a family line as an essential part of traditional childbearing culture. In traditional Chinese society, since only sons are able to carry on family names, inherit family properties and host their parents’ funeral ceremonies, having a male descendant is extremely important for a family and a male child was valued over a female child. (Zhang, 2013) 

In this condition, most of the women in the ancient times do not think this is unequal. They think this is very normal in the whole society. This is the expression for the theory that women never think that they should fight for their rights.

They think this is right. In ancient China culture, when a boy is born, friends and relatives exclaim congratulations because a son means insurance. But when a girl is born, some women weep, to them, a daughter is just another expense. (Wu, 2013)

From this, people can see that the discrimination exists deeply in the society. Women who do not give birth to the boy feel they are useless. Their husband even gives up their love to the women who cannot give birth to the boy. Wu Qi’s theory also proves that women in that time do not want to fight for themselves.

    Women also should be respected by others because all men are born equal, and both male and female have the same rights in this world. However, with the development of history, things are much better now than before. The birth of new China stands for a new epoch in many areas like the political system. This society is not the same as the slavery society and feudal society any more. Also this is the first step that China starts against women’s discrimination.

Also there are several solutions here, for example, government should build more schools in the rural areas to let people there get better education.  Women in rural areas should also change their attitude by studying more knowledge, instead of just accepted their destiny without complaint. Without a good education, it’s hard to let they know the life is valuable, and all men are created equally, to be realistic and they should respect life for themselves.

The census suggests a growing imbalance in China’s sex ratio at birth, which tends to be the biggest problem now (Rob, 2013). This problem happens because lots of families don’t like daughters, and when they find they shall have a daughter, most of them choose to have an abortion. Research by J. Mullins (2013) revealed that the Chinese government says that sex-selective abortion is one major explanation for the staggering number of Chinese girls who have simply vanished from the population in the last 20 years. But this issue usually happens in the rural areas, people who live in the urban areas don’t have any bias about women anymore; also things are getting better these years in rural areas but still exist problems. They require more attention by the government and enthusiastic people.

 

Educational problems

The government should let rural women have a better education. Most of them do not go to school in their age because the family is very poor in the rural areas. According to the surgeon general, “Rural schools have been closing their doors at an alarming rate between 2000 and 2010, causing 63 rural primary schools, 30 learning centers and three middles schools to vanish per day, according to statistics released by the 21st Century Education Research Institute of China.” (Zhang, 2013).

The most important issues like teacher resources, high dropout rate, and bad education quality influence the way of education in rural areas. The cause for the lack of teacher resources is because just a few teachers want to teach in the rural areas. It’s true that not everybody wants to go to somewhere with a poor living condition, low income, which is just like an isolated place (Paul, 2011). As a result, government should pay more to encourage the teachers to teach in the rural areas. This problem will also relate to the education quality problem, and a low quality education cannot help those people from rural areas. As for the high dropout rate, it depends on how poor they are in the rural areas (Seinfeld, 2014). Because the education is not free for the poor people in the rural areas, most of them cannot afford the payment in school. They would rather stay at home and help their family work on something like farming than go to the school, because from the economic gap results. They think it is not necessary to take the education than start making money as soon as possible (Guo, 2011). All in all, they need more attention from the government and other people who are rich enough to support them a little bit. With all the effort, the dropout rate can fade gradually.

Governments should push harder on this problem like sending more teachers and improving the level of schools’ hardware condition. Because educational problems are always the most important problem that can affect people’s attitude, without a good education, people cannot have a correct attitude about gender. Most Chinese women still believe that “men belong to public, women belong to home” (Fincher, 2013). It’s unfair for women to suffer that gender discrimination. After a good education, the women’s incorrect attitude will be improved slowly.

 

Work problems for women in China’s rural areas

It was not easy for women to find a job in rural areas in the past. They didn’t even get a chance to find a suitable job because of the gender discrimination. Things get better these years because government starts to pay more attention to this problem that they want all people in rural areas have a chance to get a job. That can also be a way to improve the economy in China’s rural areas. Tamara (1997), who has written the book Women’s work in Rural China, found that reform policies in rural China have had a profound impact on women’s work and gender divisions of labor.

However, the women cannot find a job easily. Although they already get a high academic degree or a broad range of work experience, they still feel difficult to compete with men. Many recruitment units have discrimination for women and they make that on the requirements list. When they are going to see some jobs’ requirements, one of the requirements was that they have to be male (Sate, 2014).

The reasons for discrimination of women in workplace might be different such as pregnancy, ability or something else. Women will think about having children that will affect the managers’ view on them. Giving birth to the children always influences their productivity since women cannot continue to work. Besides, women have fewer abilities than the men in some special areas like some manual works (Finn, 1998).

 

Women’s discrimination in developing countries

Women’s discrimination not only happens in China, but also in some other developing countries. In 2005, Johannes P., a politician from Norway, explained this issue which happens in lots of developing countries, and also came up with the influence of their economy: “A steadily growing literature has examined the relationship between gender and economic development… that measure discrimination against women related to constraints imposed by social institutions-laws, social norms, codes of conduct, and traditions” (Johannes, 2005). These ideas all explain the most important point that is gender discrimination could have some negative effects for the developing countries. For example, it could affect the increase of economy because lots of women cannot find their job, which is called labor-turnover. It means they lost lots of cheap labors. Also they are slowing down the increasing speed of economy and productivity at the same time.

The condition for the remaining of the women discrimination

The writer will give a counter argument in this part. If in modern days, the women discrimination does not be abolished and still exists in the country, what will the society look like?  Man is the main power of the society, and women still stay at home and do the housework. All the company’s workers are men. There is not a single woman in the company. People cannot image the condition. Many companies need the women workers. They have different thinking way for the things. So most of the time, they can have the new ideas for the development of the company. So the working station needs the existing of women. Besides, if the women discrimination is still there, you will see the men workers who clean the street and do the laundry. Some jobs are just suitable for women. If everyone wants to have a boy child, until now all the people in the world are boys. How will the human beings develop in the next years? All those questions will come up if the women discrimination does not disappear.

 

Conclusion

         In this paper, the writer mainly talks about the background of the women discrimination. Then the writer introduces the educational problems existing in China. After that, the writer introduces the work problems for the women in the rural areas.  Then the work discrimination is introduced in the next part. in the last part, the writer give a counter argument. If the women discrimination still exists, what the world will be like? This is the main concept of this paper.

in this paper, the writer thinks people who live in rural areas in China have a serious problem about gender discrimination because they didn’t get enough education, discrimination history, bias in their workplace, and the condition of China. As a developing country, China have to focus on economic development, it’s hard for China to focus on too many stuffs at the same time. From this paper, we can see lots of reasons for the existing of the women’s discrimination in Chinese rural areas and why it’s hard for the government to change these kinds of situations. People shouldn’t discriminate women who are living in Chinese rural areas, not only for the women’s rights, but also for speeding up the process of China’s development in many different areas like economy or living environment.


References

Jacka, T. (1997). Women’s Work in Rural China: Change and Continuity in an Era of Reform. Cambridge, CB: Cambridge University Press.

 Zhang Fengxiang. (2013) Education Ministry working to attract more rural teachers. China Daily,September 12.

Wu Qing.(2013). Gender Discrimination in China. Retrieved from

https://www.academia.edu/5450724/Gender_discrimination_in_China.

 Rob Brooks( 2013). China’s Biggest Problem? Too Many People. London: C. C. Little and J. Brown.

 J. Mullins (2013)  Women: fighting for the rights. Massachusetts: Newbury House.

Zhang,F.(2013).China’s rural education at risk. Retrieved from

http://www.china.org.cn/china/2013-01/08/content_27618239.htm

Paul(2011). Chinese Rural Substitute teachers Earn Little & See No Future. Massachusetts: Newbury House.

Seinfeld, J. (2014). Women still face great wall of discrimination in China. New York: Three Rivers Press

Guo Tao(2011). The education gap is tangible in rural China. London: C. C. Little and J. Brown.

 Fincher (2013). The status of women in rural areas. New York: Three Rivers Press.

Tamara (1997).Women’s work in Rural China. London: C. C. Little and J. Brown.

 Sate(2014).All the people should be equal. Massachusetts: Newbury House.

 Finn, L. (1998), Employer Discrimination against Women. New York: Three Rivers Press.

Johannes, P. (2005). Women’s discrimination in developing countries: Anew data set for better policies. World Development, 33(4), 1065-1081.

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