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The most important year of the United States in the twentieth century

2020-06-06 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

The most important year of the United States in the twentieth century

下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文 -- The most important year of the United States in the twentieth century,文章讲述当谈到二十世纪美国历史上最重要的一年的问题时,这很棘手,因为许多社会,政治和文化变革不可能在一年内完成。因此,最好首先考虑一个影响美国社会的事件或社会变革。然后,我们进行第二步,以考虑此事件的高潮,而在美国20世纪最重要的一年,这一年与该事件的高潮相对应。因此,在本文开始时,我将找出塑造美国社会的运动,并简要说明其原因。然后,通过追踪这一运动或事件的高潮来传递在美国社会中发挥最重要作用的一年。

 

The most important year of the United States in the twentieth century

When it comes to the issue of the single most import year in twenty-century United State history, it's thorny, since many social, political and cultural changes could not be completed in a single year. Thus, it's better to consider firstly an event or social change which shapes the American society. Then, we go to the second step to consider the culmination of this event and the year which is the most important year in American’s twentieth century corresponds to the culmination of this event.  Therefore, at beginning of this essay, I would figure out the movement which shape the American society and give brief reasons. Then, the year which plays the most important role in the United States society would be delivered by tracing the culmination of this movement or event. 

 

In 2008, Barak Obama was elected as the first African-American president of the United States, which served as a landmark of the progress of the American politics. However, this is unimaginable about sixty to seventy years ago, because, before 1955, racial segregation was still torturing the Black people. The most obvious thing was the segregation in the public school and the transit system, which means that the Black children could not study with the White children in the same classroom and that the black people had to stand when other white people boarded. Thus, segregation and racial discrimination were widespread in the American society, culturally. In addition, legally and politically, those culture and conventions were recognized by some states and even the federal government. For instance, in the Post Reconstruction era, the state-sanctioned racial discrimination and oppression were sanctioned by the Jim Crow system. Also, "the United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of those state laws that required racial segregation in public facilities in its 1896 decision Plessy v. Ferguson making segregation the law of the land." (Wikipedia) Thus, it seems that it is impossible for people at that time to imagine a black President for the United States. However, it is the Civil Right Movement which overturned the most evil of the established conventions, culture and law. Due to the Civil Right Movement, many legislative changes were launched. For instance, in 1964, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed, which means that discriminations based on race, color and other backgrounds in the workplace or other public places would be illegal. In order to restore the disenfranchised voting rights in the post-Reconstruction era, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was established. What's more, the Immigration and Nationality Services Act of 1965 which broadened the nationality of immigrants and the Fair housing Act of 1968 which give the black people equal prices and accesses to housing were passed. Culturally, the white people's prejudices towards to black were largely wiped out gradually, as the steps of legislation went further. For instance, some of the universities nowadays give the black students easier accesses to the admission, tending to correct the past unequal treatment to the black, though this policy is also controversial. Just as what has been mentioned previously, the fact that Barak Obama was elected in 2008 and reelected in 2012 is the most concrete and obvious case that discriminations against the black in culture has largely been eliminated in the past years since the Civil Right Movement.

 

After defining the Civil Right Movement as the most important movement which shaped the current American society and politics, it is time to position the culmination of the Civil Right Movement, which would help figuring out the most important year of the 20th century in the American history. In my point of view, 1955 is the year in which the Civil Right Movement culminated and it is this year which is the most important year in 20th century American history.  In December 1st of this year, the Montgomery Bus Boycott was sparked and inspired by Rosa Parks, an African American woman, who as arrested for refusing to give up her seats to the white people. Parks' arrest is history-making and was taken as a martyr to encourage people to join the boycott. For instance, the Women's Political Council said, "If we do not do something to stop these arrests, they will continue. The next time it may be you, or your daughter, or mother. This woman's case will come up on Monday. We are, therefore, asking every Negro to stay off the buses Monday in protest of the arrest and trial." (Wikipedia) The boycott was well organized by leaders such as Martin Luther King, Ralph Abernathy and other twenty-three other ministers and it was the fact that those leaders were convicted and fined which motivated people to continue to conduct their boycott. In addition, grass-root people's cooperation made the continuation of the boycott persistent. For instance, “black church raised the money to support the boycott" (Wikipedia), while the black taxi drivers charged the black people of low price in order to support the boycott.

 

In order to have a better understanding of the significance of 1955, it's better to describe the process of the Civil Right Movement before 1955. In 1944, Jackie Robinson refused to move to the back of a bus, indicted by the court-martial and was acquitted shortly after. No massive boycott was motivated by this fact. In 1946, the NAACP litigated other cases such as the case of Irene Morgan, resulting to the illegitimacy of the segregated interstate bus lines. However, the segregation was still remained intact in transit system in some states. Obviously, the protest and boycott was small in scale and people joining in the resistance had limited organization. Thus, the effectiveness of resistance was limited.  At August 28th of 1955, Emmett Till, a black fourteen year old teenager was murdered, "Moses Wright reported Till's disappearance to the local authorities, and three days later, his corpse was pulled out of the river" (Emmett Till Biography). This event showed to ineffectiveness of the scattered movement.

 

To, sum up, it was only during the Montgomery Bus Boycott can we find the cooperation of the black people, which make the continuation and persistence of the resistance--it lasted for more than 380 days. Also, the scale was much larger than it was before when glass-root people and leaders of this boycott were joining in it. In addition, this effectiveness was salient and immediate. In December 20, 1956, the federal ruling, "Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional." (Wikipedia) Thus, it is reasonable to consider 1955 as the culmination of the Civil Right Movement. In combination of the assumption that it is the Civil Right Movement which shapes the American society and politics, it is plausible to claim that 1955 was the most important year of the American history during the 20th century.  

Works Cited

Wikipedia: African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African-American_Civil_Rights_Movement_(1954%E2%80%9368)

 

Wikipedia: Montgomery Bus Boycott

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montgomery_Bus_Boycott#Victory

 

Emmett Till Biography

http://www.biography.com/people/emmett-till-507515#awesm=~oG2vEdD34TJhPG

 

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