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Surgeon General Warning of Secondhand Smoke

2020-05-23 来源: 51Due教员组 类别: 更多范文

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下面为大家整理一篇优秀的essay代写范文-Surgeon General Warning of Secondhand Smoke。本文讲述根据2014年外科医生的最新报告提供的信息及其他相关参考资料,讨论二手烟对健康的后果,并就二手烟提出若干可行的医生一般警告。根据国家疾病预防控制中心,国家慢性病预防和健康促进中心,吸烟与健康办公室的未公开数据统计,暴露于二手烟引起的两种肺癌的死亡和暴露引起的冠心病的死亡二手烟的数量高达240万,占1965年至2014年这几年中过早死亡总数的10%以上。粗略地估计,由于接触二手烟而导致的过早死亡所致的生产力损失价值估计为每年56亿美元。此外,许多科学研究已证明,二手烟的暴露与癌症,呼吸道疾病和心血管疾病以及对婴幼儿健康的不良影响有因果关系。

 

Research topic

The purpose of this report is to discuss the health consequences of secondhand smoke based on the information given in the latest 2014 Report of the Surgeon General and other relevant references, as well as to put forward several feasible surgeon general warnings in terms of secondhand smoke.

 

According to the statistics of unpublished data from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, the deaths of both Lung cancers caused by exposure to secondhand smoke and Coronary heart disease caused by exposure to secondhand smoke, are up to 2,400,000, taking up more than 10% of the total premature deaths over the years from 1965 to 2014. Roughly, the value of lost productivity due to premature deaths caused by exposure to secondhand smoke is now estimated to be $5.6 billion per year. In addition, many scientific studies have proved that the exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke has been causally linked to cancer, respiratory, and cardiovascular diseases, and to adverse effects on the health of infants and children.

Given both tangible and intangible negative influences of secondhand smoke, there are mainly three general warnings to encourage nonsmokers to protect themselves and their families from exposure to secondhand smoke.

From the macroscopic prospect, the government is supposed to take the responsibility to protect citizens from the harms to health caused by secondhand smoke. For one thing, several legislations in terms of establishing non-smoke zones are critically in need. For another thing, it is strongly advisable to introduce some health education programs to residential communities in an attempt to make people fully aware of the harmful aspects of secondhand smoke.

 

As for individuals, they should also attach some emphasis on secondhand smoke, since their health is linked to it in some ways. For example, it is of great importance for them to avoid secondhand smoke consciously, especially in some public areas. Besides, nonsmokers are supposed to express their unwillingness to secondhand smoke clearly to their friends around them.

At the same time, more attention should be given when it comes to children, who are the futures of any generation. Both their parents and teachers should teach them to realize secondhand smoke brings nothing but harm to our life. What’s more, children themselves ought to learn to say ‘No’ to the scenarios concerning secondhand smoke.

All in all, if we can take the warnings discussed above into practice, it can be expected that the goal of increasing awareness of secondhand smoke can be attained, with the harms of it decreased and even eliminated eventually.

 

References

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 2012

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, unpublished data.

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